Born on February 27

906 Conrad Duke of Thuringia the Duke of Thuringia until 892 and the Duke of Franconia until his death. He was the namesake of the Conradiner family and son of Udo of Neustria. His mother was a daughter of Conrad I of Logenahe. He was the count of the Oberlahngau , Hessengau , Gotzfeldgau , Wetterau , and Wormsgau. He united all of Hesse under his political control and thus bequeathed to his heirs what would be the Duchy of Franconia
1076 Godfrey IV Duke of Lower Lorraine a son of Godfrey the Bearded, whom he succeeded as Duke of Lower Lorraine in 1069. His mother was Doda and his sister was Ida
1500 João de Castro a Portuguese nobleman and fourth viceroy of Portuguese India. He was called Castro Forte by poet Luís de Camões. Castro was the son of Álvaro de Castro, civil governor of Lisbon. His wife was Leonor de Coutinho
1572 Francis II Duke of Lorraine the son of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine and Claude of Valois. He was Duke of Lorraine briefly in 1624, quickly abdicating in favour of his son
1575 John Adolf Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
1622 Carel Fabritius Pietersz. Fabritius was a Dutch painter. He was a pupil of Rembrandt and worked in his studio in Amsterdam. Fabritius, who was a member of the Delft School, developed his own artistic style and experimented with perspective and lighting. Among his works are A View of Delft , The Goldfinch , and The Sentry
1659 William Sherard an English botanist. Next to John Ray, he was considered to be one of the outstanding English botanists of his day
1667 Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł a magnate of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and an active reformer. She carried the title of Princess
1689 Pietro Gnocchi an Italian composer, choir director, historian, and geographer of the late Baroque era, active mainly in Brescia, where he was choir director of Brescia Cathedral. In addition to composing an abundance of eccentrically-titled sacred music, all of which remains in manuscript, he wrote a 25-volume history of ancient Greek colonies
1689 Johannes Roosevelt a New York City businessman and alderman and the progenitor of the Oyster Bay Roosevelts, including Theodore and Eleanor Roosevelt. Johannes was a linseed oil manufacturer
1691 Edward Cave an English printer, editor and publisher. In The Gentleman's Magazine he created the first general-interest "magazine" in the modern sense
1702 Johann Valentin Görner a German composer.
1702 Enrichetta d'Este an Italian noblewoman. She was the Duchess of Parma by marriage to Antonio Farnese, Duke of Parma, who was her first cousin as well as an uncle of Elisabeth Farnese, Queen of Spain
1711 Constantine Mavrocordatos a Greek noble who served as Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia at several intervals. As a ruler he issued reforms in the laws of each of the two Danubian Principalities, ensuring a more adequate taxation and a series of measures amounting to the emancipation of serfs
1717 Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon duc de Mahon the 4th Duke of Crillon and 1st Duke of Mahon. He became a soldier at the age of 16 and served with distinction in the French army before transferring to the army of Spain, which was allied with France for much of the 18th century. By the end of his life he had risen to the highest military rank in Spain and it was said that he had served in 68 engagements. His most famous achievement was the successful invasion of Minorca in 1781, in which he defeated a British garrison and returned the island to Spain, although his efforts the following year to recapture Gibraltar from the British were a notable failure
1724 Frederick Michael Count Palatine of Zweibrücken a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty. He was the son of Christian III of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken and a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the father of the Bavarian King Maximilian I Joseph
1734 Karol Stanisław "Panie Kochanku" Radziwiłł a Polish–Lithuanian szlachcic, voivod of Vilnius and starosta of Lwów. He is frequently referred to by his idiolect "Panie Kochanku" to distinguish him from his earlier namesake
1744 Gerard Lake 1st Viscount Lake a British general. He commanded British forces during the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and later served as Commander-in-Chief of the military in British India
1746 Alexei Antonovich of Brunswick the third son of Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick and Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia, and younger brother of Ivan VI.
1746 Louis-Jérôme Gohier a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
1748 Anders Erikson Sparrman a Swedish naturalist, abolitionist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
1767 Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure a French lawyer and statesman.
1770 Juan Bautista Arriaza a Spanish poet and writer.
1779 Thomas Hazlehurst (businessman) an English businessman who founded the soap and alkali manufacturing company of Hazlehurst & Sons in Runcorn, Cheshire. He was also a devoted Methodist and he played a large part in the civic matters of the town
1785 Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza a Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader, considered one of the founders of independent Chile. Rodríguez was of Basque descent
1793 Baldomero Espartero Prince of Vergara a Spanish general and political figure. He was associated with the radical wing of Spanish liberalism and would become their symbol and champion after taking credit for the victory over the Carlists in 1839. His noble titles, Duke of La Victoria were granted by Isabella II to him as a result. The title Prince of Vergara was granted to him by King Amadeo of Spain in 1870
1795 José Antonio Navarro a Texas statesman, revolutionary, politician, rancher, and merchant. The son of Ángel Navarro and Josefa María Ruiz y Pena, he was born into a distinguished noble family at San Antonio de Béxar in New Spain. His uncle was José Francisco Ruiz and his brother-in-law was Juan Martín de Veramendi. Navarro County, Texas, is named in his honor
1799 Frederick Catherwood an English artist and architect, best remembered for his meticulously detailed drawings of the ruins of the Maya civilization. He explored Mesoamerica in the mid 19th century with writer John Lloyd Stephens. Their books, Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatán and Incidents of Travel in Yucatán, were best sellers and introduced to the Western world the civilization of the ancient Maya. In 1837, Catherwood was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Honorary member
1799 Edward Belcher a Nova Scotian, British naval officer and explorer. He was the great-grandson of Governor Jonathan Belcher. His wife, Diana Jolliffe, was the stepdaughter of Captain Peter Heywood
1800 Robert Willis (engineer) an English academic. He was the first Cambridge professor to win widespread recognition as a mechanical engineer, and first set the scientific study of vowels on a respectable foundation, but is now best remembered for his extensive architectural writings, including a 4-volume treatise on the architecture of the University of Cambridge
1802 Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Württemberg a daughter of Louis of Württemberg and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg. By her marriage to Prince William of Baden, she became a Princess of Baden
1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline. He was also the first American to translate Dante Alighieri's The Divine Comedy and was one of the five Fireside Poets
1808 August Giacomo Jochmus an Austrian lieutenant field marshal, and minister of the German Confederation. He spent his life in Greek, English, Spanish and Turkish service, was briefly foreign minister and Navy minister of the Frankfurt Parliament of the German Confederation in 1849 and finished his career as an Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal
1809 Jean-Charles Cornay a French missionary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society who was martyred in Vietnam. He was executed in Ha Tay, Tonkin, now Vietnam, during the persecutions of Emperor Minh Mạng
1812 Pieter Harting a Dutch biologist and naturalist, born in Rotterdam. He made contributions in a number of scientific disciplines, and is remembered for his work in the fields of microscopy, hydrology, botany, and biostratigraphy
1812 Samo Chalupka a Slovak romantic poet.
1814 Charles Baugniet a Belgian painter, lithographer and aquarellist. His name remains attached to the lithographing of portraits of famous and lesser-known figures from Belgium, France and England. They are politicians, senior officials, prominent clergy, both from the Roman Catholic and Anglican Church, industrialists, professors, artists, musicians, actors, and people from the vaudeville world
1814 Samuel Kleinschmidt a German/Danish missionary linguist born in Greenland known for having written extensively about the Greenlandic language and having invented the orthography used for writing this language from 1851 to 1973.
1823 William B. Franklin a career United States Army officer and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. He rose to the rank of a corps commander in the Army of the Potomac, fighting in several notable early battles in the Eastern Theater
1836 Mariia Surovshchikova-Petipa prima ballerina to the Petersburg Imperial Theatres and wife of the noted choreographer Marius Petipa.
1839 Victor Capoul a French operatic tenor with a lyric voice and a graceful singing style.
1842 Emil Selenka a German zoologist. He is known for his research on invertebrates and apes and the scientific expeditions he organized to Southeast Asia and South America
1845 Grigor Artsruni an Armenian journalist, critic, writer and public activist, Doctor of Political Economy and Philosophy. Since 1872 he had been publishing the Mshak magazine being its editor and manager until his death
1847 Ellen Terry an English stage actress who became the leading Shakespearean actress in Britain.
1848 Hubert Parry an English composer, teacher and historian of music.
1849 Václav Beneš Třebízský a popular Czech novelist. He is the author of numerous historical novels and children's stories. His most novel novel is arguably In the Early Evening of the Five-petaled Roses
1850 Laura E. Richards an American writer. She born in Boston, Massachusetts, to a high-profile family. During her life, she wrote over 90 books, including children's, biographies, poetry, and others. A well-known children's poem for which she is noted is the literary nonsense verse Eletelephony
1851 James Churchward best known as a British born occult writer. However, he was also a patented inventor, engineer, and expert fisherman
1852 John McLane a furniture maker and politician from Milford, New Hampshire. He was Governor of New Hampshire from 1905 to 1907
1852 Mitrofan Lodyzhensky a Russian religious philosopher, playwright, and statesman, best known for his Mystical Trilogy comprising Super-consciousness and the Ways to Achieve It, Light Invisible, and Dark Force.