Died on February 27

640 Pepin of Landen the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia under the Merovingian king Dagobert I from 623 to 629. He was also the mayor for Sigebert III from 639 until his own death
956 Theophylact of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 2 February 933 to his death in 956.
1416 Eleanor of Castile Queen of Navarre an infanta of Castile and the Queen consort of Navarre.
1425 Vasily I of Moscow the Grand Prince of Moscow , heir of Dmitry Donskoy. He ruled as a Great Horde vassal between 1389-1395, and again in 1412-1425. Mongol emir Timur's raid on the Volgan regions in 1395 resulted in the Golden Horde's state of anarchy for the next years and the independence of Moscow. In 1412, Vasily reinstated himself as the Horde's vassal. He had entered an alliance with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1392 and married Vytautas the Great's only daughter Sophia, though the alliance turned out to be fragile, since Vytautas would later capture Vyazma and Smolensk in 1403–1404
1483 William VIII Marquess of Montferrat the Marquess of Montferrat from 1464 until his death.
1598 Friedrich Dedekind a German humanist, theologian, and bookseller.
1601 Anne Line an English martyr who was executed during the reign of Elizabeth I for harbouring a priest.
1608 Henri Duke of Montpensier Dauphin of Auvergne, Duke of Montpensier, Sovereign Prince of the Dombes and Lord of Châtellerault.
1655 Francesco Molin the 99th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on January 20, 1646 until his death. Molin's reign is notable because of Venice's participation in a prolonged war with the Ottoman Empire over Crete; this war was begun during the reign of Molin's predecessor Francesco Erizzo, and dragged on until 1669. To fund the cost of this war, Molin sold access to the Venetian patriciate at a cost of 100,000 ducats per person
1658 Adolf Frederick I Duke of Mecklenburg the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from his father's death in 1592 until 1628 and again from 1631 to 1658. Between 1634 and 1648 Adolf Frederick also ruled the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin as its administrator
1659 Henry Dunster an Anglo-American Puritan clergyman and the first president of Harvard College. Brackney says Dunster was "an important precursor" of the Baptist denomination in America, especially regarding infant baptism, soul freedom, religious liberty, congregational governance, and a radical biblicism
1666 Gustav Evertsson Horn a Finnish-Swedish military and politician. He was a member of the Privy Council of Sweden and Governor General
1666 Luisa de Guzmán a queen consort of Portugal. She was the spouse of King John IV, the first Braganza ruler, as well as the mother of two kings of Portugal and a queen of England. She served as regent of Portugal from 1656
1666 Thomas Vaughan (philosopher) a Welsh philosopher, now remembered for his writings in the area of natural magic.
1667 Stanisław "Rewera" Potocki a Polish noble, magnate and military leader. Together with Stefan Czarniecki he was successful in defeating the invading Swedes and Russians during The Deluge. He was the most trusted advisor of King John II Casimir
1699 Charles Paulet 1st Duke of Bolton an English nobleman, the son of John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester and his first wife, Jane Savage.
1706 John Evelyn an English writer, gardener and diarist.
1712 Bahadur Shah I the 8th emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled India from 1707 to 1712. His original name was Qutb ud-Din Muhammad Mu'azzam later titled as Shah Alam by his father. He took the throne name Bahadur Shah in 1707. His name Bahādur means "brave" & "hero" in Turko-Mongol languages. Reigning just five years, he was an old man of 63 when he came to power. He made settlements with the Marathas, pacified the Rajputs, and briefly became friendly with the Sikhs in the Punjab. He travelled throughout his reign and only came to rest in Lahore during the last few months of his life
1720 Samuel Parris Rev. Samuel Parris was the Puritan minister in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem witch trials; he was also the father of one of the afflicted girls, and the uncle of another
1735 John Arbuthnot a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London. He is best remembered for his contributions to mathematics, his membership in the Scriblerus Club , and for inventing the figure of John Bull
1759 Jacob Theodor Klein a Royal Prussian jurist, historian, botanist, mathematician and diplomat in service of Polish King August II the Strong.
1779 Johann Georg Sulzer a Swiss professor of Mathematics, who later on moved on to the field of electricity. He was a Wolffian philosopher and director of the philosophical section of the Berlin Academy of Sciences, and translator of David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals into German in 1755
1784 Count of St. Germain a European courtier, with an interest in science and the arts. He achieved prominence in European high society of the mid-1700s. Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel considered him to be "one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived". Germain used a variety of names and titles, an accepted practice amongst royals and nobles at the time. These include the Marquis de Montferrat, Comte Bellamarre, Chevalier Schoening, Count Weldon, Comte Soltikoff, Graf Tzarogy and Prinz Ragoczy. In order to deflect inquiries as to his origins, he would invent fantasies, such as that he was 500 years old, leading Voltaire to sarcastically dub him "The Wonderman"
1794 Jean-Rodolphe Perronet a French architect and structural engineer, known for his many stone arch bridges. His best known work is the Pont de la Concorde
1795 Francis Marion a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. Acting with Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina in 1780 and 1781, even after the Continental Army was driven out of the state in the Battle of Camden
1795 Tanikaze Kajinosuke officially recognized as the fourth yokozuna, and the first to be awarded the title of yokozuna within his own lifetime. He achieved great fame and won 21 tournament championships. He was also the coach of Raiden Tameemon
1800 Princess Marie Adélaïde of France the fourth daughter and sixth child of King Louis XV of France and his consort, Marie Leszczyńska. As the daughter of the king, she was a Fille de France. She was referred to as Madame Adélaïde from 1737 to 1755 and from 1759 to her death, and simply as Madame from 1755 to 1759
1801 James Madison Sr. a prominent Virginia planter, who served as a colonel in the militia during the American Revolutionary War. He inherited Mount Pleasant, later known as Montpelier, a large tobacco plantation in Orange County, Virginia and, with the acquisition of more property, had 5,000 acres and became the largest landowner in the county. He was father to U.S. President James Madison, who inherited what he called Montpelier
1811 Joseph Leutgeb an outstanding horn player of the classical era, a friend and musical inspiration for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
1814 Jean Reynier Louis Ebénézer Reynier rose in rank to become a French army general officer during the French Revolutionary Wars. He led a division under Napoleon Bonaparte in the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria. During the Napoleonic Wars he continued to hold important combat commands, eventually leading an army corps during the Peninsular War in 1810-1811 and during the War of the Sixth Coalition in 1812-1813
1814 Julien Louis Geoffroy a French literary critic.
1821 William I Elector of Hesse the eldest surviving son of Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Mary of Great Britain, the daughter of George II.
1821 Gottlieb Conrad Christian Storr a German physician, chemist and naturalist.
1822 Shikitei Sanba a Japanese comic writer of the Edo period.
1822 Sir John Borlase Warren 1st Baronet an English admiral, politician and diplomat. Born in Stapleford, Nottinghamshire, he was the son and heir of John Borlase Warren of Stapleford and Little Marlow. He entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1769, but in 1771 entered the Royal Navy as an able seaman; in 1774 he became member of Parliament for Great Marlow; and in 1775 he was created a baronet, the baronetcy held by his ancestors, the Borlases, having become extinct in 1689
1827 Simón de Roxas Clemente y Rubio a renowned Spanish botanist, considered to be the father of Spanish ampelography.
1829 Charles de Salaberry a French-speaking Canadien of the seigneurial class who served as an officer of the British army in Lower Canada. He won distinction for repelling the American advance on Montreal during the War of 1812
1830 Elias Hicks a traveling Quaker preacher from Long Island, New York. In his ministry he promoted doctrines that embroiled him and his followers in a controversy which caused the first major schism within the Religious Society of Friends. Elias Hicks was the older cousin of the painter Edward Hicks, also a Quaker preacher
1834 Jean-Baptiste Wicar a French Neoclassical painter and art collector.
1837 Edward King Viscount Kingsborough an Irish antiquarian who sought to prove that the indigenous peoples of the Americas were a Lost Tribe of Israel. His principal contribution was in making available facsimiles of ancient documents and some of the earliest explorers' reports on Pre-Columbian ruins and Maya civilisation
1844 Nicholas Biddle (banker) an American financier who served as the second and last president of the Second Bank of the United States.
1844 Paisi Kaysarov a Russian general who served during the Napoleonic Wars.
1846 Edward Dembowski a Polish philosopher, literary critic, journalist, and leftist independence activist.
1853 Augustus Grand Duke of Oldenburg the Grand Duke of Oldenburg from 1829 to 1853.
1854 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais a French Catholic priest, philosopher, and political theorist. His famous opinions on matters of religion and government changed dramatically over the course of his life
1854 Pierre Antoine Poiteau a French botanist, gardener and botanical artist.
1859 Friedrich Bleek a Biblical scholar.
1862 Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows an Italian Passionist clerical student. Born to a professional family, he gave up ambitions of a secular career to enter the Passionist Congregation. His life in the monastery was not extraordinary, yet he followed the rule of the congregation perfectly and was known for his great devotion to the sorrows of the Virgin Mary. He died from tuberculosis at the age of 24 in Isola del Gran Sasso, in the province of Teramo. He was canonized by Pope Benedict XV in 1920
1864 George Vaughan Maddox a nineteenth-century British architect and builder, whose work was undertaken principally in the county of Monmouthshire, Wales.
1866 John K. Jackson an American lawyer and soldier. He served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War, mainly in Florida and the Western Theater of the conflict. Afterward Jackson resumed his law practice until dying from pneumonia a year after the war ended