February 27 events in history

380 Edict of Thessalonica: Emperor Theodosius I, with co-emperors Gratian and Valentinian II, declare their wish that all Roman citizens convert to trinitarian Christianity
425 The University of Constantinople is founded by Emperor Theodosius II at the urging of his wife Aelia Eudocia
907 Abaoji, a Khitan chieftain, is enthroned as Emperor Taizu, establishing the Liao Dynasty in northern China
1560 The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Lords of the Congregation of Scotland
1594 Henry IV is crowned King of France
1617 Sweden and Russia sign the Treaty of Stolbovo, ending the Ingrian War and shutting Russia out of the Baltic Sea
1626 Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci
1700 The island of New Britain is discovered
1776 American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolina breaks up a Loyalist militia
1782 American Revolutionary War: The House of Commons of Great Britain votes against further war in America
1801 Pursuant to the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801, Washington, D.C. is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress
1812 Argentine War of Independence: Manuel Belgrano raises the Flag of Argentina in the city of Rosario for the first time
1812 Poet Lord Byron gives his first address as a member of the House of Lords, in defense of Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire
1829 Battle of Tarqui is fought
1844 The Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti
1860 Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency
1861 Russian troops fire on a crowd in Warsaw protesting against Russian rule over Poland, killing five protesters
1864 American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia
1870 The current flag of Japan is first adopted as the national flag for Japanese merchant ships
1881 First Boer War: The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place
1898 King George I of Greece survives an assassination attempt
1900 Fußball-Club Bayern München is founded
1900 Second Boer War: In South Africa, British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje at the Battle of Paardeberg
1900 The British Labour Party is founded
1902 Second Boer War: Australian soldiers Harry 'Breaker' Morant and Peter Handcock are executed in Pretoria for war crimes
1921 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna
1922 A challenge to the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, allowing women the right to vote, is rebuffed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Leser v. Garnett
1933 Reichstag fire: Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire, apparently by the Communists
1939 United States labor law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal
1940 Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14
1942 World War II: During the Battle of the Java Sea, an Allied strike force is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea in the Dutch East Indies
1943 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men
1943 The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
1951 The Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution, limiting Presidents to two terms, is ratified
1955 Soviet Union regional elections, 1955
1961 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated
1962 Two dissident Vietnam Air Force pilots bomb the Independence Palace in Saigon in a failed attempt to assassinate South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem
1963 The Dominican Republic receives its first democratically elected president, Juan Bosch, since the end of the dictatorship led by Rafael Trujillo
1964 The Government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over
1971 Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform aborti provocati
1973 The American Indian Movement (AIM) occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota
1976 The formerly Spanish territory of Western Sahara, under the auspices of the Polisario Front declares independence as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
1986 The United States Senate allows its debates to be televised on a trial basis
1988 Sumgait pogrom: The Armenian community of Sumgait in Azerbaijan is targeted in a violent massacre
1989 Venezuela is rocked by the Caracazo riots
1991 Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated"
1995 Zakho: A terrorist explosion in a market in the city of Zakho leaves about 100 dead and 150 wounded
2002 Ryanair Flight 296 catches fire at London Stansted Airport. Subsequent investigations criticize Ryanair's handling of the evacuation
2002 Godhra train burning: A Muslim mob torches a train returning from Ayodhya, killing 59 Hindu prigrims
2004 A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines' worst terrorist attack kills 116