Born on February 28

929 Adalbert I of Ivrea the margrave of Ivrea, the second of the Anscarid dynasty, from the late 890s until his death. In the intermittent civil war that effecting Italy from 888 into the 930s, Adalbert initially strove to remain neutral, but from 901 on he sided sequentially with every claimant to the Italian throne
1069 Abbad II al-Mu'tadid the second independent Muslim ruler of Seville in Al-Andalus. His father, Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abbad, had established the Muslim taifa of Seville, and Abbad became its ruler when Abu al-Qasim died in 1042. He initially had amicable relations with his neighbour Ferdinand I, Count of Castile and King of León, and tolerated the Christian faith in his own lands. Among other acts of friendship, he authorized the transfer of Saint Isidore's relics from Seville to the Basilica of San Isidoro of León
1119 Emperor Xizong of Jin reigned from February 10, 1135 to January 9, 1150 as an emperor of the Jin Dynasty which controlled northern China from 1115 to 1234. His birth name was Wányán Hélá. His Han Chinese name was Wányán Dǎn. During his reign, the Jurchens were engaged in a war with the Song Dynasty
1155 Henry the Young King the second of five sons of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine but the first to survive infancy. He was officially King of England; Duke of Normandy, Count of Anjou and Maine
1261 Margaret of Scotland Queen of Norway Queen of Norway as the wife of King Eric II.
1518 Francis III Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany and Dauphin of Viennois as the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Duchess Claude of Brittany.
1533 Michel de Montaigne one of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre. He became famous for his effortless ability to merge serious intellectual exercises with casual anecdotes and autobiography—and his massive volume Essais contains, to this day, some of the most widely influential essays ever written. Montaigne had a direct influence on writers all over the world, including René Descartes, Blaise Pascal, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Albert Hirschman, William Hazlitt, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Stefan Zweig, Eric Hoffer, Isaac Asimov, and possibly on the later works of William Shakespeare
1552 Jost Bürgi a Swiss clockmaker, a maker of astronomical instruments and a mathematician.
1567 Eleanor de' Medici a daughter of Francesco I de' Medici and Joanna of Austria, daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary. She was a family member of the famous House of Medici and the sister of Marie de' Medici the Queen of France. By marriage she was Duchess consort of Mantua
1573 Elias Holl the most important architect of late German Renaissance architecture.
1613 John Pearson (bishop) an English theologian and scholar.
1616 Kaspar Förster a German singer and composer.
1619 Giuseppe Felice Tosi an Italian composer and organist, and the father of Pier Francesco Tosi, also a successful composer.
1626 Cyril Tourneur now more generally attributed to Thomas Middleton.
1655 Johann Beer an Austrian author, court official and composer.
1661 Tripo Kokolja a Venetian painter from the Bay of Kotor. He is chiefly remembered today for introducing the still life and landscape painting into the art of the eastern Adriatic
1670 Benjamin Wadsworth an early American clergyman and educator. He was trained at Harvard College. He served as minister of the First Church in Boston; and as president of Harvard from 1725 until his death
1675 Guillaume Delisle a French cartographer known for his popular and accurate maps of Europe and the newly explored Americas and Africa.
1683 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur a French scientist who contributed to many different fields, especially the study of insects. He introduced the Réaumur temperature scale
1704 Louis Godin a French astronomer and member of the French Academy of Sciences. He worked in Peru, Spain, Portugal and France
1704 Hans Hermann von Katte a Lieutenant of the Prussian Army and close friend of the future Frederick II of Prussia, then the Crown Prince. He was executed by Frederick's father King Frederick William I of Prussia when Frederick plotted to escape from the Kingdom of Prussia to the Kingdom of Great Britain. Some believe that Frederick intended to defect to the service of George II of Great Britain and possibly return to Prussia to depose Frederick William
1712 Louis-Joseph de Montcalm a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War.
1714 Gioacchino Conti an Italian soprano castrato opera singer.
1724 George Townshend 1st Marquess Townshend a British soldier and politician. After serving at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Battle of Culloden during the Jacobite Rising, Townshend took command of the British forces for the closing stages of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham during the Seven Years' War. He went on to be Lord Lieutenant of Ireland or Viceroy where he introduced measures aimed at increasing the size of Irish regiments, reducing corruption in Ireland and improving the Irish economy. In cooperation with Prime Minister North in London he imposed much greater British control over Ireland. He also served as Master-General of the Ordnance, first in the North Ministry and then in the Fox–North Coalition
1724 Joseph Bernard de Chabert a French sailor, geographer and astronomer.
1726 Vasily Chichagov an admiral in the Russian Navy and an explorer. He was the father of Pavel Chichagov, a Russian admiral during the Napoleonic Wars
1734 Ivan Dmitrevsky generally regarded as the most influential actor of Russian Neoclassicism and "Russia's first great tragedian".
1735 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde now principally associated with determinant theory in mathematics. He was born in Paris, and died there
1743 Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal.
1743 René Just Haüy a French mineralogist, commonly styled the Abbé Haüy after he was made an honorary canon of Notre Dame. He is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Crystallography."
1750 Ignacy Potocki a Polish nobleman, member of the influential magnate Potocki family, owner of Klementowice and Olesin , a politician, writer, and office holder. He was the Marshal of the Permanent Council in 1778–1782, Grand Clerk of Lithuania from 1773, Court Marshal of Lithuania from 1783, Grand Marshal of Lithuania from 16 April 1791 to 1794
1757 Countess Friederike of Schlieben the consort of Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.
1761 Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet born at Montpellier. His father, François Broussonet , was a physician and professor of medicine at famous Université de Montpellier. His brother, Victor, studied there and later became its dean. Henri Fouquet , a professor at the medical school, was a relative, as was Jean-Antoine Chaptal , who subsequently became minister of the interior
1774 Thomas Tooke an English economist known for writing on money and his work on economic statistics. After Tooke's death the Statistical Society endowed the Tooke Chair of economics at King's College London, and a Tooke Prize
1783 Gabriele Rossetti an Italian poet and scholar who emigrated to England.
1787 Josef Ludwig von Armansperg Graf von Armansperg served as the Interior and Finance Minister and Foreign and Finance Minister under King Ludwig I of Bavaria in the government of Bavaria. He was a liberal monarchist and an economic conservative who promoted the unification of Germany with his attempts at a tariff union. Later he served as Regent of Greece for the underage Bavarian-born king and as his Prime Minister
1790 Joseph Christian Freiherr von Zedlitz an Austrian dramatist and epic poet.
1797 Prince Frederick of the Netherlands the second son of king William I of the Netherlands and his wife, Wilhelmine of Prussia.
1799 Ignaz von Döllinger a German theologian, Catholic priest and church historian who rejected the dogma of papal infallibility. He is considered an important contributor to the doctrine, growth and development of the Old Catholic Church, though he himself never joined that denomination
1799 Samuel Simon Schmucker a German-American Lutheran pastor and theologian. He was integral to the founding of the Lutheran church body known as the General Synod, as well as the oldest continuously-operating Lutheran seminary and college in North America
1799 Franz Faldermann a German entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera.
1803 Christian Heinrich von Nagel a German geometer.
1808 Elias Parish Alvars an English harpist and composer.
1812 Berthold Auerbach a German-Jewish poet and author. He was the founder of the German "tendency novel", in which fiction is used as a means of influencing public opinion on social, political, moral, and religious questions
1813 Pōmare IV the Queen of Tahiti between 1827 and 1877. She was the fourth monarch of the Kingdom of Tahiti
1814 Edmond Frémy a French chemist. He is perhaps best known today for Frémy's salt, a strong oxidizing agent which he discovered in 1845. Fremy's salt is a long-lived free radical that finds use as a standard in electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
1817 Ryszard Wincenty Berwiński a noted Polish poet, translator, folklorist, and nationalist.
1820 John Tenniel an English illustrator, graphic humourist and political cartoonist whose work was prominent during the second half of the 19th century. Tenniel is considered important to the study of that period’s social, literary, and art histories. Tenniel was knighted by Victoria for his artistic achievements in 1893
1820 Elisha Kane an American explorer, and a medical officer in the United States Navy during the first half of the 19th century. He was a member of two Arctic expeditions to rescue the explorer Sir John Franklin. He was present at the discovery of Franklin's first winter camp, but he did not find out what had happened to the fatal expedition
1822 George Vasey (botanist) an English-born American botanist who collected a lot in Illinois before integrating the United States Department of Agriculture , where he became Chief Botanist and curator of the greatly expanded National Herbarium.