Died on February 28

468 Pope Hilarius Pope from 19 November 461 to his death in 468. He was canonized as a saint after his death
628 Khosrau II the last great king of the Sasanian Empire, reigning from 590 to 628. He was the son of Hormizd IV and the grandson of Khosrau He was the last king of Persia to have a lengthy reign before the Muslim conquest of Iran, which began five years after his death by assassination. He lost his throne, then recovered it with Roman help, and, a decade later, went on to emulate the feats of the Achaemenids, conquering the rich Roman provinces of the Middle East; much of his reign was spent in wars with the Byzantine Empire and struggling against usurpers such as Bahram Chobin and Vistahm
1261 Henry III Duke of Brabant Duke of Brabant between 1248 and his death. He was the son of Henry II of Brabant and Marie of Hohenstaufen
1326 Leopold I Duke of Austria Duke of Austria and Styria – as co-ruler with his elder brother Frederick the Fair – from 1308 until his death. Born at Vienna, he was the third son of King Albert I of Germany and Elisabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol, a scion of the Meinhardiner dynasty
1389 John VI Count of Harcourt a count of Harcourt. He was son of John V of Harcourt and Blanche of Ponthieu who was the sister of Jeanne of Ponthieu
1453 Isabella Duchess of Lorraine suo jure Duchess of Lorraine, from 25 January 1431 to her death in 1453. She was the first wife of Duke René of Anjou, King of Naples, and the mother of his children, which included Margaret of Anjou, Queen consort of England as the wife of Henry VI
1485 Niclas Graf von Abensberg a knight and nobleman under the reign of Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria.
1510 Juan de la Cosa a Spanish navigator and cartographer, known for designing the earliest European world map that incorporated the territories of the Americas that were discovered in the 15th century. De la Cosa played an important role in the first and second voyage of Christopher Columbus to the West Indies, since he was the owner and captain of the Santa María
1525 Cuauhtémoc the Mexica ruler of Tenochtitlan from 1520 to 1521, making him the last Aztec Emperor. The name Cuāuhtemōc means "One That Has Descended Like an Eagle", commonly rendered in English as "Descending Eagle" as in the moment when an eagle folds its wings and plummets down to strike its prey, so this is a name that implies aggressiveness and determination
1535 Wolter von Plettenberg the Master of the Livonian Order from 1494 to 1535 and one of the greatest leaders of the Teutonic knights. He was an important early Baltic German
1551 Martin Bucer a Protestant reformer based in Strasbourg who influenced Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican doctrines and practices. Bucer was originally a member of the Dominican Order, but after meeting and being influenced by Martin Luther in 1518 he arranged for his monastic vows to be annulled. He then began to work for the Reformation, with the support of Franz von Sickingen
1572 Catherine of Austria Queen of Poland Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania, being the last consort of King Sigismund II Augustus.
1572 Aegidius Tschudi an eminent member of the Tschudi family, of Glarus, Switzerland. His best known work is the Chronicon Helveticum, a history of the early Swiss Confederation
1609 Paul Sartorius (composer) a German composer and organist.
1616 Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble.
1621 Cosimo II de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1609 until 1621. He was the elder son of the then incumbent Grand Duke and Christina of Lorraine. He married Maria Magdalena of Austria, and had eight children
1648 Christian IV of Denmark a monarch of the House of Oldenburg who ruled as King of Denmark-Norway from 1588 to 1648. His reign of more than 59 years is the longest of all Danish monarchs
1702 David Caspari a German Lutheran theologian. He was the father of Georg Caspari
1726 Konstanty Władysław Sobieski the son of Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland, and his wife, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien. In 1708 he married Maria Józefa Wessel
1728 Ogyū Sorai a Japanese Confucian philosopher. He has been described as the most influential such scholar during the Tokugawa period. His primary area of study was in applying the teachings of Confucianism to government and social order. He responded to contemporary economic and political failings in Japan, as well as the culture of mercantilism and the dominance of old institutions that had become weak with extravagance. Sorai rejected the moralism of Song Confucianism and instead looked to the ancient works. He argued that allowing emotions to be expressed was important and nurtured Chinese literature in Japan for this reason. Sorai attracted a large following with his teachings and created the Sorai school, which would become an influential force in further Confucian scholarship in Japan
1732 André Charles Boulle generally considered to be the preeminent artist in the field of marquetry, even "the most remarkable of all French cabinetmakers." His fame in marquetry led to his name being given to the fashion he perfected of inlaying brass and tortoiseshell, known as Boulle.
1742 Willem 's Gravesande a Dutch lawyer and natural philosopher, chiefly remembered for developing experimental demonstrations of the laws of classical mechanics. As professor of mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy at Leiden University, he helped to propagate Isaac Newton's ideas in Continental Europe
1746 Hermann von der Hardt a German historian and orientalist.
1747 Josias Weitbrecht a known German Professor of Medicine and Anatomy in Russia.
1772 Arsenius (Matseyevich) the Russian archbishop of Rostov who protested against the confiscation of the church's land by Empress Catherine II in 1764. He was deprived of his office and was imprisoned in a fortress until his death
1777 Jacob Faggot a Swedish scientist.
1779 Adriaan van Royen a Dutch botanist. He was a professor at Leiden University and is associated with Carl Linnaeus
1781 Richard Stockton (Continental Congressman) an American lawyer, jurist, legislator, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1786 John Gwynn an English architect and civil engineer, who became one of the founder members of the Royal Academy in 1768. He advocated greater control over planning in London, for which he produced detailed suggestions. His buildings include Magdalen Bridge and the Covered Market in Oxford, and several bridges over the River Severn
1787 Princess Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel a member of the House of Hesse-Kassel by birth, and of the House of Holstein-Gottorp through her marriage to Frederick Augustus I, Duke of Oldenburg. Ulrike was the Duchess consort of Oldenburg from 1774 until her husband's death in 6 July 1785
1788 Thomas Cushing an American lawyer, merchant, and statesman from Boston, Massachusetts. Active in Boston politics, he represented the city in the provincial assembly from 1761 to its dissolution in 1774, serving as the lower house's speaker for most of those years. Because of his role as speaker, his signature was affixed to many documents protesting British policies, leading officials in London to consider him a dangerous radical. He engaged in extended communications with Benjamin Franklin who at times lobbied on behalf of the legislature's interests in London, seeking ways to reduce the rising tensions of the American Revolution
1805 Naphtali Hirz Wessely a.k.a. NaphtaliHirz Wessely, also Wesel , was an 18th-century German Jewish Hebraist and educationist
1810 Jacques-André Naigeon a French artist, atheist philosopher, editor and man of letters best known for his contributions to the Encyclopédie and for reworking Baron d'Holbach's and Diderot's manuscripts.
1812 Hugo Kołłątaj a Polish Roman Catholic priest, social and political activist, political thinker, historian and philosopher. He is seen as one of the most prominent figures of the Enlightenment in Poland
1820 Johann Christian Rosenmüller a German anatomist born near Hildburghausen, Thuringia. He was the son of theologian Johann Georg Rosenmüller
1836 Friedrich August Grotefend a German philologist. Grotefend was a relative of Georg Friedrich Grotefend, who deciphered the cuneiform writing
1837 Luigi Zamboni an Italian operatic buffo bass-baritone.
1838 Charles Thévenin a neoclassical French painter, known for heroic scenes from the time of the French Revolution and First French Empire.
1844 Abel P. Upshur an American lawyer, judge and politician from Virginia. Upshur was active in Virginia state politics and later served as Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of State during the Whig administration of President John Tyler. Upshur was instrumental in negotiating the secret treaty that led to the 1845 annexation of Texas to the United States and played a key role in ensuring that Texas was admitted to the United States as a slave state. He was among six people killed on February 28, 1844, when a gun exploded during an official function on board the President's steam warship USS Princeton
1851 Guillaume Dode de la Brunerie a Marshal of France. On February 12, 1812, he married the daughter of Marshal Pérignon, Agathe-Virginie
1857 André Dumont a Belgian geologist.
1859 Beda Weber a German Benedictine professor, author, and member of the Frankfurt Parliament.
1866 Henryk Rzewuski a Polish Romantic-era journalist and novelist.
1867 Jacques Raymond Brascassat a French painter noted for his paintings of animals.
1869 Alphonse de Lamartine a French writer, poet and politician who was instrumental in the foundation of the Second Republic and the continuation of the Tricolore as the flag of France.
1875 Robert Willis (engineer) an English academic. He was the first Cambridge professor to win widespread recognition as a mechanical engineer, and first set the scientific study of vowels on a respectable foundation, but is now best remembered for his extensive architectural writings, including a 4-volume treatise on the architecture of the University of Cambridge
1882 Thomas Romney Robinson Rev. John Thomas Romney Robinson , usually referred to as Thomas Romney Robinson, was a 19th-century astronomer and physicist. He was the longtime director of the Armagh Astronomical Observatory, one of the chief astronomical observatories in the UK of its time
1887 Luigi Jacobini an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Vatican Secretary of State from 1880 until his death and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1879.
1891 Sanjō Sanetomi an Imperial court noble and statesman at the time of the Meiji Restoration. He held many high-ranking offices in the Meiji government
1891 Giovanni Morelli an Italian art critic and political figure. As an art historian, he developed the "Morellian" technique of scholarship, identifying the characteristic "hands" of painters through scrutiny of diagnostic minor details that revealed artists' scarcely conscious shorthand and conventions for portraying, for example, ears