Born on February 29

1468 Pope Paul III Pope from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549.
1528 Albert V Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria from 1550 until his death. He was born in Munich to William IV and Marie Jacobaea of Baden
1528 Archduchess Anna of Austria the daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.
1692 John Byrom an English poet, the inventor of a revolutionary system of shorthand and later a significant landowner. He is most remembered as the writer of the lyrics of Anglican hymn Christians Awake, salute the happy morn, which was supposedly a Christmas gift for his daughter
1724 Eva Marie Veigel a dancer and the wife of actor David Garrick.
1736 Ann Lee the leader of the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing, or Shakers.
1772 Joseph Marie baron de Gérando a French jurist, philanthropist and philosopher of Italian descent.
1784 Leo von Klenze a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, Leo von Klenze was one of the most prominent representatives of Greek revival style
1788 Otto Pfeilizer-Frank Baron Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Pfeilitzer gen. Franck, sometimes referred to as Otto Romanovich Franck or Otto Romanovich Pfeilitzer-Franck was a Russian statesman, the 6th governor of Taganrog
1808 Charles Pritchard a British astronomer, clergyman, and educational reformer.
1808 Hugh Falconer a Scottish geologist, botanist, palaeontologist, and paleoanthropologist. He studied the flora, fauna, and geology of India, Assam, and Burma, and was the first to suggest the modern evolutionary theory of punctuated equilibrium. He was the first to discover the Siwalik fossil beds, and may also have been the first person to discover a fossil ape
1812 James Milne Wilson Sir James Milne Wilson, KCMG served as Premier of Tasmania from 1869 to 1872.
1820 Lewis A. Swift an American astronomer.
1824 Stjepan Mitrov Ljubiša a Serbian writer and politician. He is famous for his unique short stories, generally ranked among the masterpieces of Serbian literature in its day. These stories are also a symbol of the Serbian rebirth, both for its patriotic message and because it was a fundamental milestone in the Serbian language reform
1828 Emmeline B. Wells an American journalist, editor, poet, women's rights advocate and diarist. She served as the fifth Relief Society General President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1910 until her death
1836 Dickey Pearce an American professional baseball player and one of the sport's most famous early figures. He was born in Brooklyn, New York, and began playing with the Brooklyn Atlantics in 1856. He continued his career in the National Association and the early years of Major League Baseball. It is possible Pearce was one of the first baseball players to earn money for playing the game professionally. Pearce is given credit for pioneering the shortstop position. Pearce introduced his "tricky hit" to baseball, known today as the bunt. For much of his career, the rules permitted the ball to roll foul and still be a hit
1840 John Philip Holland an Irish engineer who developed the first submarine to be formally commissioned by the U.S. Navy, and the first Royal Navy submarine, the Holland 1
1840 William Harvey Carney an African American soldier during the American Civil War. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Fort Wagner
1852 Frank Gavan Duffy the fourth Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia, sitting on the bench of the High Court from 1913 to 1935.
1852 George Maximilianovich 6th Duke of Leuchtenberg the youngest son of Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg and his wife Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia.
1860 Herman Hollerith an American statistician and inventor who developed a mechanical tabulator based on punched cards to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of data. He was the founder of the Tabulating Machine Company that later merged to become IBM. Hollerith is widely regarded as the father of modern machine data processing. With his invention of the punched card evaluating machine the beginning of the era of automatic data processing systems was marked. His draft of this concept dominated the computing landscape for nearly a century
1864 Adolf Wölfli a Swiss artist who was one of the first artists to be associated with the Art Brut or outsider art label.
1864 Alice Davenport an American film actress. She appeared in 140 films between 1911 and 1930
1876 Léon Johnson a French sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics, the 1912 Summer Olympics and at the 1920 Summer Olympics.
1884 Richard S. Aldrich an American lawyer and politician. He was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and served in the Rhode Island State Senate and the Rhode Island House of Representatives
1884 Marcel Granet a French sociologist, ethnologist and sinologist. As a follower of Émile Durkheim and Édouard Chavannes, Granet was one of the first to bring sociological methods to the study of China. Granet was revered in his own time as a sociological sinologist, or sinological sociologist, and member of the Durkheimian school of sociology
1884 Frederick Grace a lightweight boxer. At the 1908 Olympic Games he became British and European professional champion
1888 Domenico Tardini a longtime aide to Pope Pius XII in the Secretariat of State. Pope John XXIII named him Cardinal Secretary of State and, in this position the most prominent member of the Roman Curia in Vatican City
1892 Vilmos Apor the Bishop of Győr during World War II who became famous for protesting against the persecution of the Hungarian Jews. He became a bishop only at the end of his life
1892 Ed Appleton a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Brooklyn Robins in the 1915 and 1916 seasons.
1892 Augusta Savage an African-American sculptor associated with the Harlem Renaissance. She was also a teacher and her studio was important to the careers of a rising generation of artists who would become nationally known. She worked for equal rights for African Americans in the arts
1892 Ernest Seitz a Canadian composer, songwriter, pianist, and music educator. He published some of his work under the pseudonym "Raymond Roberts" because he did not wish to be associated with popular music. His most famous work is The World Is Waiting for the Sunrise, which he co-wrote with Gene Lockhart. Some of his other notable songs include Laddie Boy , When Moonbeams Softly Fall , and The Sky's the Limit. He retired from performance in 1945 and from teaching in 1946. For the rest of his life he served as president his of family's business, an automobile dealership in Toronto. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in London in 1954 and in 1984 Ernest Seitz Park was opened in Toronto
1892 Leandro Arpinati an Italian politician.
1896 Leo Kanner an American psychiatrist and physician known for his work related to autism. Kanner's work formed the foundation of child and adolescent psychiatry in the U.S. and worldwide
1896 Roy Parker a pitcher in Major League Baseball. After serving in the United States Navy during World War I, he played for the Louis Cardinals in 1919
1896 Louis Fischer a Jewish-American journalist. Among his works were a contribution to the ex-Communist treatise The God that Failed , a Life of Mahatma Gandhi , basis for the Academy Award-winning film Gandhi , as well as a Life of Lenin, which won the 1965 National Book Award in History and Biography
1896 Juozas Urbšys a prominent interwar Lithuanian diplomat, the last head of foreign affairs in independent interwar Lithuania, and a translator. He served in the military between 1916 and 1922, afterwards joining the Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1938 Urbšys was named its head and served in this position until Lithuania's occupation in 1940. Urbšys was imprisoned by the Soviet authorities in 1940 and deported to Siberia, where he spent the next 13 years in various prisons. Urbšys died in 1991, having lived long enough to see Lithuania's independence restored, and was buried in Petrašiūnai Cemetery, Kaunas
1896 William A. Wellman an American film director. Although Wellman began his film career as an actor, he worked on over 80 films, as director, producer and consultant, but most often as a director, notable for his work in crime, adventure and action genre films, often focusing on aviation themes, a particular passion. He also directed several well-regarded satirical comedies
1896 Morarji Desai a notable Indian independence activist and the fifth Prime Minister of India from 1977 - 1979. He was also the first Prime Minister to head India's first non-Congress Government. He held many important posts in the Government of India such as: Chief Minister of Bombay State, Home Minister, Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India. At foreign fronts, Desai holds international fame for his peace activism and made notable efforts to initiate peace between two-rival South Asian states, Pakistan and India. After India's first nuclear explosion in 1974, Desai helped restore friendly relations with China and Pakistan, and vowed to avoid armed conflict such as Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. Domestically, he played crucial role in Indian nuclear program after it was targeted by major nuclear powers after conducting a surprise test in 1974. Morarji Desai closed down much of India's premier intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing , and reduced its budget and operations. Morarji Desai indiscreetly told Pakistan's Chief Martial Law Administrator General Zia ul-Haq that his government was well aware of Pakistan's nuclear development which prompted the Pakistani government in removing all spies from around its nuclear research facilities and thus finally being successful in its nuclear dream. Desai was the only Indian national to be conferred with Pakistan's highest civilian award, Nishan-e-Pakistan, which was conferred on him by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan in 1990 in a colorful ceremony. Later, his policies promoted social, health and administrative reforms in the country
1904 Rukmini Devi Arundale an Indian theosophist, dancer and choreographer of the Indian classical dance form of Bharatnatyam, and also an activist for animal rights and welfare.
1904 Jalu Kurek a Polish poet and prose writer, one of the figures of the so-called Kraków avant-garde. He was a laureate of the Young Poland Literary Award for the novel "Grypa szaleje w Naprawie"
1904 Jimmy Dorsey a prominent American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, trumpeter, composer, and big band leader. He was known as "JD". He composed the jazz and pop standards "I'm Glad There Is You " and "It's The Dreamer In Me"
1908 Alf Gover an English Test cricketer. He was the mainstay of the Surrey bowling attack during the 1930s and played four Tests before and after the Second World War. He also founded and ran a cricket school in Wandsworth that coached many notable players
1908 Robert Pearce (wrestler) an American wrestler and olympic champion. He competed at the 1932 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, where he won a gold medal in freestyle bantamweight
1908 Dee Brown (writer) an American novelist and historian. His most famous work, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee details the history American expansionism from a point of view that is critical of its effects on theNative Americans
1908 Balthus a Polish-French modern artist.
1912 Taiichi Ohno a Japanese businessman. He is considered to be the father of the Toyota Production System, which became Lean Manufacturing in the U.S. He devised the seven wastes as part of this system. He wrote several books about the system, including Toyota Production System: Beyond Large-Scale Production. Born in 1912 in Dalian, China, and a graduate of the Nagoya Technical High School , he joined the Toyoda family's Toyoda Spinning upon graduation in 1932 during the Great Depression thanks to the relations of his father to Kiichiro Toyoda, the son of Toyota's founding father Sakichi Toyoda. He moved to the Toyota motor company in 1943, and gradually rose through the ranks to become an executive. In what is considered to be a slight, possibly because he spoke publicly about the production system, he was denied the normal executive track and was sent instead to consult with suppliers in his later career
1916 Dinah Shore an American singer, actress, television personality, and the top-charting female vocalist of the 1940s. She reached the height of her popularity as a recording artist during the Big Band era of the 1940s and 1950s, but achieved even greater success a decade later, in television, mainly as hostess of a series of variety programs for Chevrolet
1920 Michèle Morgan a French film actress, who was a leading lady for three decades.
1920 Ivan Ivanovich Petrov a Russian bass opera singer.