Died on February 29

992 Oswald of Worcester Archbishop of York from 972 to his death in 992. He was of Danish ancestry, but brought up by his uncle, Oda, who sent him to France to the abbey of Fleury to become a monk. After a number of years at Fleury, Oswald returned to England at the request of his uncle, who died before Oswald returned. With his uncle's death, Oswald needed a patron and turned to another kinsman, Oskytel, who had recently become Archbishop of York. His activity for Oskytel attracted the notice of Archbishop Dunstan who had Oswald consecrated as Bishop of Worcester in 961. In 972 Oswald was promoted to the see of York, although he continued to hold Worcester also
1212 Hōnen the religious reformer and founder of the first independent branch of Japanese Pure Land Buddhism called Jōdo-shū. In the related Jōdo Shinshū sect, he is considered the Seventh Patriarch. Hōnen became a monk of the Tendai sect at an early age, but grew disaffected, and sought an approach to Buddhism that anyone could follow, even during the perceived Age of Dharma Decline. After discovering the writings of Chinese Buddhist, Shan-tao, he undertook the teaching of rebirth in the Pure Land of Amitabha through reciting the Buddha's name, or nembutsu
1460 Albert III Duke of Bavaria the Pious of Bavaria-Munich , since 1438 Duke of Bavaria-Munich. He was born in Munich to Ernest, Duke of Bavaria and Elisabetta Visconti, daughter of Bernabò Visconti
1528 Patrick Hamilton (martyr) a Scottish churchman and an early Protestant Reformer in Scotland. He travelled to Europe, where he met several of the leading reforming thinkers, before returning to Scotland to preach. He was tried as a heretic by Archbishop James Beaton, and burnt at the stake in St Andrews
1592 Alessandro Striggio an Italian composer, instrumentalist and diplomat of the Renaissance. He composed numerous madrigals as well as dramatic music, and by combining the two, became the inventor of madrigal comedy. His son, also named Alessandro Striggio, wrote the libretto for Monteverdi's Orfeo
1600 Caspar Hennenberger a German Lutheran pastor, historian and cartographer.
1604 John Whitgift the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1583 to his death. Noted for his hospitality, he was somewhat ostentatious in his habits, sometimes visiting Canterbury and other towns attended by a retinue of 800 horses. Whitgift's theological views were often controversial
1740 Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal) an Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII. He is remembered especially as a great patron of music and art. Ottoboni was the last person to hold the curial office of Cardinal-nephew, which was abolished by Alexander VIII's successor, Pope Innocent XII, in 1692. Ottoboni "loved pomp, prodigality and sensual pleasure, but was in the same time kind, ready to serve and charitable"
1744 John Theophilus Desaguliers a French-born British natural philosopher, clergyman, engineer and freemason who was elected to the Royal Society in 1714 as experimental assistant to Isaac Newton. He had studied at Oxford and later popularized Newtonian theories and their practical applications in public lectures. Desaguliers’s most important patron was James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos. As a Freemason, Desaguliers was instrumental in the establishment of the first Grand Lodge formed in London in 1717 and served as their third Grand Master
1768 John Mitchell (geographer) a colonial American physician and botanist. He created the most comprehensive and perhaps largest 18th-century map of eastern North America, known today as the Mitchell Map. First published in 1755, in conjunction with the imminent Seven Years' War, the Mitchell Map was subsequently used during the Treaty of Paris to define the boundaries of the newly independent United States and remains important today for resolving border disputes
1792 Johann Andreas Stein an outstanding German maker of keyboard instruments, a central figure in the history of the piano. He was primarily responsible for the design of the so-called "Viennese" fortepiano, for which the piano music of Haydn, Mozart, and the early Beethoven was written
1808 Carlos Baguer a Catalan classical era composer and organist known as "Carlets" during his lifetime.
1812 Prince Jibrael of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the Bagrationi dynasty. He was a son of King George XII of Georgia by his second wife Mariam Tsitsishvili. After the Russian annexation of Georgia, he lived in Saint Petersburg, where he was known as Tsarevich Gavriil Georgiyevich
1820 Johann Joachim Eschenburg a German critic and literary historian.
1848 Louis-François Lejeune a French general, painter, and lithographer. His memoirs have frequently been republished and his name is engraved on the Arc de Triomphe
1856 Auguste Chapdelaine a French Christian missionary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society.
1868 Ludwig I of Bavaria king of Bavaria from 1825 until the 1848 revolutions in the German states.
1876 John Joseph Bennett a British botanist.
1876 Jozef Van Lerius a Belgian painter in the Romantic-Historical style.
1880 James Milne Wilson Sir James Milne Wilson, KCMG served as Premier of Tasmania from 1869 to 1872.
1892 Casimir Roumeguère a French botanist and mycologist.
1904 Henri Joseph Anastase Perrotin a French astronomer. Some sources give his middle name as Athanase
1908 John Hope 1st Marquess of Linlithgow a Scottish aristocrat, politician and colonial administrator. He is best known for his brief and controversial tenure as the first Governor-General of Australia. When he became Governor-General, he was 40 years old and he remains the youngest person to have held that office; he is also the shortest-lived, dying at the age of 47. In Australia he is remembered as Lord Hopetoun
1908 Pat Garrett an American Old West lawman, bartender, and customs agent who became famous for killing Billy the Kid. He was also the sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico as well as Doña Ana County, New Mexico. He was drafted into service as sheriff both times
1920 Ernie Courtney a third baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the Boston Beaneaters , Baltimore Orioles , New York Highlanders , Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia Phillies. Courtney batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He was born in Des Moines, Iowa
1928 Adolphe Appia a Swiss architect and theorist of stage lighting and décor.
1928 Ina Coolbrith an American poet, writer, librarian, and a prominent figure in the San Francisco Bay Area literary community. Called the "Sweet Singer of California", she was the first California Poet Laureate and the first poet laureate of any American state
1932 Giuseppe Vitali an Italian mathematician who worked in several branches of mathematical analysis.
1932 George Claridge Druce an English botanist and a Mayor of Oxford.
1932 Ramon Casas i Carbó a Catalan Spanish artist. Living through a turbulent time in the history of his native Barcelona, he was known as a portraitist, sketching and painting the intellectual, economic, and political elite of Barcelona, Paris, Madrid, and beyond; he was also known for his paintings of crowd scenes ranging from the audience at a bullfight to the assembly for an execution to rioters in the Barcelona streets. Also a graphic designer, his posters and postcards helped to define the Catalan art movement known as modernisme
1940 E. F. Benson an English novelist, biographer, memoirist, archaeologist and short story writer, known professionally as E.F. Benson. His friends called him Fred
1944 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud the third President of Finland from 1931 to 1937. Serving as a lawyer, judge, and politician in the Russian Grand Duchy of Finland, he played a major role in the movement for Finnish independence. In 1917–1918, Svinhufvud was the first Head of State of independent Finland, first as Chairman of the Senate and subsequently as Protector of State or Regent. He also served as Prime Minister from 1930 to 1931
1944 Félix Fénéon a Parisian anarchist and art critic during the late 19th century. He coined the term "Neo-impressionism" in 1886 to identify a group of artists led by Georges Seurat, and ardently promoted them
1948 Rebel Oakes an American Major League Baseball player.
1948 François Sevez a French general during World War Sevez was present at the German surrender in Rheims, and signed the German Instrument of Surrender as the official witness.
1956 Elpidio Quirino a Filipino politician, and the sixth President of the Philippines.
1960 Melvin Purvis an American law enforcement official and Federal Bureau of Investigation agent. He was given the nickname "Little Mel" because of his short stature. He is noted for leading the manhunts that tracked such outlaws as Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd, and John Dillinger
1960 Walter Yust an American journalist and writer. Yust was also the American editor-in-chief of the Encyclopædia Britannica from 1938 to 1960. He was the father of filmmaker Larry Yust and Jane Yust Rivera. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Yust began his career as a writer for the Philadelphia Evening Ledger in 1917 and later worked for newspapers in New Orleans, Louisiana, and for other publications. Yust became the literary editor of the Philadelphia Public Ledger in 1926. Three years later, upon writing a review of the new 14th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, Yust came to the attention of its president, William Cox. The following year Yust began to work for the encyclopaedia and became its associate editor in 1932. He served as editor in chief from 1938 until his retirement in 1960
1964 Frank Albertson an American character actor who made his debut in a minor part in Hollywood at age thirteen. He had supporting roles in classics such as It's a Wonderful Life and Psycho
1968 Lena Blackburne an American baseball infielder, manager, coach and scout in Major League Baseball.
1968 Tore Ørjasæter a Norwegian poet.
1968 Fatma Gadri an Azerbaijani theatre actress.
1972 Tom Davies (American football) an American football player and coach. He played as a halfback at the University of Pittsburgh and was a consensus All-American in 1918 and 1920. After retiring as a player, Davies worked as a football coach for the next 26 years, including stints at the University of Pennsylvania, Geneva College, Allegheny College, the University of Rochester, the Carnegie Institute of Technology, the University of Scranton, and Western Reserve University. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1970
1976 Florence P. Dwyer an American Republican Party politician and U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 6th and 12th Congressional Districts. She was the second woman to be elected to the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey, the first being Mary Teresa Norton, who was also elected from the 12th district. She was the first woman from New Jersey to be elected to the House as a Republican. Dwyer was an advocate for women's rights throughout her political career
1980 Yigal Allon an Israeli politician, a commander of the Palmach, and a general in the IDF. He served as one of the leaders of Ahdut HaAvoda party and the Israeli Labor party, and acting Prime Minister of Israel. He was a Knesset member and government minister from the third Knesset through the ninth
1980 Margaret Morris (dancer) a British dancer, choreographer and teacher. She was the first proponent of the Isadora Duncan technique in Great Britain. She founded the Margaret Morris Movement, Celtic Ballet, and two Scottish National Ballets in Glasgow and in Pitlochry
1980 Gil Elvgren an American painter of pin-up girls, advertising and illustration. Elvgren was one of the most important pin-up and glamour artists of the twentieth century. Today he is best known for his pin-up paintings for Brown & Bigelow. Elvgren studied at the American Academy of Art
1984 Ludwik Starski a well-known Polish Jewish lyricist, sound engineer and screenwriter of the twentieth century. He was the father of the cinematographer Allan Starski, who often worked with movie director Andrzej Wajda. Ludwik worked with Eugeniusz Bodo, Władysław Szpilman and with Tadeusz Sygietyński
1984 Gourgen Yanikian an Armenian American author, engineer and an Armenian Genocide survivor, best known for the assassination of two Turkish consular officials in California in 1973. Sentenced to life imprisonment, Yanikian was released on parole in January 1984
1988 Sidney Harmon a film producer and screenwriter. Harmon was nominated for an Academy Award for writing the original story that was the basis for the film The Talk of the Town. He began his career working as a writer on radio and in the theater in the 1930s. Sidney also produced a Pulitzer Prize-winning play Men in White