Born on February 3

929 Guy Margrave of Tuscany the son of Adalbert II of Tuscany with Bertha, daughter of Lothair II of Lotharingia.
1328 Eleanor of Portugal Queen of Aragon Queen of Aragon as the wife of King Peter She was born as a Portuguese infanta, the youngest daughter of King Afonso IV of Portugal and his first wife, Beatrice of Castile.
1338 Joanna of Bourbon Queen of France as the wife of King Charles V.
1393 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. His father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1408 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland
1478 Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham an English nobleman. He was the son of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and Katherine Woodville, whose sister, Queen Elizabeth Woodville, was the wife of King Edward He was convicted of treason, and executed on 17 May 1521
1504 Scipione Rebiba an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
1512 John Hamilton (archbishop of St Andrews) The Most Rev. John Hamilton , Scottish prelate and politician, was an illegitimate son of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran
1549 Louis of Valois the second son and fourth child of Henry II , King of France and his wife, Catherine de' Medici, daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino and his wife Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne. He died aged eleven months
1587 Dorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by birth and by marriage Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst.
1641 Christian Albert Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a duke of Holstein-Gottorp and bishop of Lübeck.
1654 Pietro Antonio Fiocco an Italian Baroque composer.
1677 Jan Santini Aichel a Czech architect of Italian descent, whose major works represent the unique Baroque Gothic style - the special combination of the Baroque and Gothic styles.
1689 Blas de Lezo a Spanish admiral and one of the greatest commanders and strategists in the history of the Spanish Navy. He is best remembered for his defensive tactics at the Battle of Cartagena de Indias in modern-day Colombia, where Spanish forces won a decisive victory against the British navy commanded by admiral Vernon
1690 Richard Rawlinson an English clergyman and antiquarian collector of books and manuscripts, which he bequeathed to the Bodleian Library, Oxford.
1691 George Lillo an English playwright and tragedian. He was a jeweller in London as well as a dramatist. He produced his first stage work, Silvia, or The Country Burial, in 1730. A year later, he produced his most famous play, The London Merchant. He wrote at least six more plays before his death in 1739, including The Christian Hero , Fatal Curiosity and Marina
1702 Giovanni Battista Vaccarini an Italian architect, notable for his work in the Sicilian Baroque style in his homeland during the period of massive rebuilding following the earthquake of 1693. Many of his principal works can be found in the area in and around Catania
1702 Michael Adelbulner a German mathematician, physicist, physician, and astronomer. He was born at Nürnberg and died in Altdorf bei Nürnberg
1721 Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz a Prussian soldier and one of the greatest German cavalry generals.
1723 Count Karl Leopold von Schlieben Royal Prussian Minister of War, between 1769 and 1772.
1728 Georg Christian Oeder a German-Danish botanist, medical doctor, economist and social reformer. His name is particularly associated with the initiation of the plate work Flora Danica
1735 Ignacy Krasicki Poland's leading Enlightenment poet , a critic of the clergy, Poland's La Fontaine, author of the first Polish novel, playwright, journalist, encyclopedist, and translator from French and Greek.
1736 Johann Georg Albrechtsberger an Austrian musician.
1747 Samuel Osgood an American merchant and statesman born in North Andover, Massachusetts, parent town of the Andovers. His family home still stands at 440 Osgood Street in North Andover and his home in New York City, the Samuel Osgood House, served as the country's first Presidential mansion. He served in the Massachusetts and New York State legislatures, represented Massachusetts in the Continental Congress and was the first Postmaster General of the United States, serving during George Washington's first term
1757 Joseph Forlenze an Italian ophthalmologist and surgeon, considered one of the most important ophthalmologists between the 18th and the 19th century. He was mostly known in France, during the Napoleonic Empire, for his cataract surgery
1757 Constantin François de Chassebœuf comte de Volney a French philosopher, abolitionist, historian, orientalist, and politician. He was at first surnamed Boisgirais after his father's estate, but afterwards assumed the name of Volney
1758 Valentin Vodnik a Carniolan priest, journalist and poet of Slovene descent. He was active in the late Enlightenment period
1759 Johann Maria Philipp Frimont an Austrian general.
1760 John Storm a revolutionary war soldier who notably served as a dragoon under Colonel William Washington in the American Revolutionary War. Dragoons commanded huge power upon the battlefield at the time because of their ability to incite fear in opposing infantrymen. "The shock of a cavalry charge often proved decisive in gaining a victory," is a description offered by the United States National Park Service
1761 Dorothea von Medem born a Gräfin of the noble German Baltic Medem family and later became Duchess of Courland. Popularly known as Dorothea of Courland after her marriage to Peter von Biron, the last Duke of Courland, she hosted an aristocratic salon in Berlin and performed various diplomatic duties on behalf of her estranged husband
1763 Caroline von Wolzogen a German writer in the Weimar Classicism circle. Her best-known works are a novel, Agnes von Lilien, and a biography of Friedrich Schiller, her brother-in-law
1772 Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol a French psychiatrist.
1772 Gavriil Kamenev a Russian poet, writer, and translator.
1774 Karl Mollweide a German mathematician and astronomer in Halle and Leipzig. In trigonometry, he discovered the formula known as Mollweide's formula. He invented a map projection called the Mollweide projection
1775 Louis-François Lejeune a French general, painter, and lithographer. His memoirs have frequently been republished and his name is engraved on the Arc de Triomphe
1775 Maximilien Sébastien Foy a French military leader, statesman and writer.
1777 John Cheyne (physician) a British physician, surgeon and author of monographs on a number of medical topics. He was one of the people to identify Cheyne–Stokes respiration
1795 Antonio José de Sucre a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen
1796 Jean Baptiste Madou a Belgian painter and lithographer.
1798 Christian Julius Wilhelm Schiede a German physician and botanist born in Kassel.
1799 Omar Ali Saifuddin II the 23rd Sultan of Brunei.
1805 Otto Theodor von Manteuffel a conservative Prussian statesman, serving nearly a decade as prime minister.
1805 Samuel Ryan Curtis an American military officer, and one of the first Republicans elected to Congress. He was most famous for his role as a Union Army general in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War
1807 Joseph E. Johnston a career U.S. Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars, and was also one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was unrelated to Albert Sidney Johnston, another high-ranking Confederate general
1808 Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877) born on 3 February 1808 in Weimar. She was a princess of Saxe-Wiemar-Eisenach by birth, and by marriage a princess of Prussia. She was the daughter of Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
1809 Felix Mendelssohn a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period.
1811 Horace Greeley editor of the New-York Tribune, among the great newspapers of its time. Long active in politics, he served briefly as a congressman from New York, and was the candidate of the Democratic and Liberal Republican parties in the 1872 presidential election. He was defeated by President Ulysses Grant, but died before the casting of the electoral vote
1812 Jonáš Záborský a Slovak lower nobleman and writer. He was an author of tales, epigrams, allegorical-philosophical poems, satirical poems, historical dramas, comedies and stories
1815 Edward James Roye served as the fifth President of Liberia from 1870 to his overthrow in 1871 and subsequent violent death. He had previously served as the 4th Chief Justice of Liberia from 1865 until 1868. He was the first member of Liberia's True Whig Party to serve as President
1816 Carl Olof Rosenius a Swedish preacher, author and editor of the monthly Pietisten from 1842 to 1868.
1817 Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse a French geologist and mineralogist.