Died on February 3

583 Kan B'alam I a ruler of the Maya city of Palenque.
700 Werburgh an Anglo-Saxon princess who became an English saint and the patron saint of Chester. Her feast day is February 3
865 Ansgar an Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen. The see of Hamburg was designated a mission to bring Christianity to Northern Europe, and Ansgar became known as the "Apostle of the North"
994 William IV Duke of Aquitaine the Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Poitou from 963 to his retirement in 990.
1014 Sweyn Forkbeard king of Denmark and England, as well as parts of Norway. His name appears as Swegen in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. He was the son of King Harald Bluetooth of Denmark. He was the father of Cnut the Great
1066 Rostislav of Tmutarakan a landless prince from the Rurikid dynasty of Kievan Rus’. He was baptized as Mikhail. According to the Russian genealogist Nikolai Baumgarten, the mother of Rostislav was Oda of Stade, a daughter of the Stade Count Leopold. That claim is also supported by other historians
1116 Coloman King of Hungary King of Hungary from 1095 and King of Croatia from 1097. Coloman and his younger brother Álmos were still under-age when their father King Géza I of Hungary died and their uncle Ladislaus I ascended the throne in 1077. According to late medieval Hungarian chronicles, the king decided to prepare Coloman—who was physically challenged—for a church career. Coloman was appointed bishop of Eger or Várad in the early 1090s
1134 Robert Curthose the Duke of Normandy from 1087 until 1106 and an unsuccessful claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of England.
1161 Inge I of Norway king of Norway from 1136 to 1161. Inge’s reign fell within the start of the period known in Norwegian history as the civil war era. He was never the sole ruler of the country. He is often known as Inge the Hunchback , because of his physical disability. However, this epithet does not appear in medieval sources
1252 Sviatoslav III of Vladimir the Prince of Novgorod and Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal.
1290 Henry XIII Duke of Bavaria Duke of Lower Bavaria. As Duke of Lower Bavaria, he is also called Henry I
1399 John of Gaunt 1st Duke of Lancaster a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was called "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent, then rendered in English as Gaunt. When he became unpopular later in life, scurrilous rumours and lampoons circulated that he was actually the son of a Ghent butcher, perhaps because Edward III was not present at the birth. This story always drove him to fury
1428 Ashikaga Yoshimochi the 4th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1394 to 1423 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshimochi was the son of the third shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
1451 Murad II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1451.
1468 Johannes Gutenberg a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. His invention of mechanical movable type printing started the Printing Revolution and is widely regarded as the most important event of the modern period. It played a key role in the development of the Renaissance, Reformation, the Age of Enlightenment, and the Scientific revolution and laid the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses
1566 George Cassander a Flemish theologian.
1580 Mahidevran Sultan a wife of Suleiman the Magnificent and the mother of Şehzade Mustafa, Şehzade Ahmed and Raziye Sultan.
1617 Prospero Alpini an Italian physician and botanist from the Republic of Venice.
1679 Jan Steen a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century. Psychological insight, sense of humour and abundance of colour are marks of his trade
1683 Randal MacDonnell 1st Marquess of Antrim (1645 creation) a Roman Catholic landed magnate in Scotland and Ireland, son of the 1st Earl of Antrim. He was also chief of Clan MacDonnell of Antrim. He is best known for his involvement, mostly on the Royalist side, in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms
1687 François de Créquy marshal of France.
1687 Bernhard Keil a Danish Baroque painter who became a pupil of Rembrandt.
1711 Francesco Maria de' Medici Duke of Rovere and Montefeltro a member of the House of Medici. He was successively a Governor of Siena, cardinal and later the heir of the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro by right of his mother
1735 Christian III Count Palatine of Zweibrücken a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Duke and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death
1737 Tommaso Ceva an Italian Jesuit mathematician from Milan. He was the brother of Giovanni Ceva
1777 Hugh Kelly (poet) an Irish dramatist and poet. From the 1760s he was employed as a propagandist for the British government, attacking members of the Opposition. After arriving in London in 1760 to work as a staymaker, he soon turned to become a writer and made a living as a journalist. In 1766 he published Thespis, a long poem about the acting profession, which gained him wide attention. He followed up this success with the novel Memoirs of a Magdalen in 1767. He ultimately became known for his stage plays such as False Delicacy and A Word to the Wise
1779 Louis de Jaucourt a French scholar and the most prolific contributor to the Encyclopédie. He wrote about 18,000 articles on subjects including physiology, chemistry, botany, pathology, and political history, or about 25% of the entire encyclopedia, all done voluntarily. In the generations after the Encyclopédie's, mainly due to his aristocratic background, his legacy was largely overshadowed by the more bohemian Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and others, but by the mid-20th century more scholarly attention was being paid to him
1802 Pedro Rodríguez Conde de Campomanes born at Santa Eulalia de Sorribia, in Asturias.
1805 Joachim Christian Timm an apothecary, mayor of Malchin, and a botanist with a particular interest in cryptograms. This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation Timm when citing a botanical name
1806 Nicolas-Edme Rétif a French novelist. The term retifism for shoe fetishism was named after him
1813 Samuel Ashe (North Carolina) the ninth Governor of the U.S. State of North Carolina from 1795 to 1798
1814 Jan Antonín Koželuh a renowned Bohemian composer from Velvary. He was a pupil of Josef Seger. He studied in Vienna and was a concert master in Vitus Cathedral for thirty years; his work includes both church and concert works. As one of the most respected Czech authors of his time, he also composed serious Italian opera: Allesandro nell' Indie was performed in 1769 and Demofoonte in 1772. He was the organist at the Strahov Monastery for almost forty years
1820 Gia Long the first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. Unifying what is now modern Vietnam in 1802, he founded the Nguyễn Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties
1832 George Crabbe an English poet, surgeon, and clergyman. He is best known for his early use of the realistic narrative form and his descriptions of middle and working-class life and people
1833 Henri François Delaborde a French general in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
1836 Leopold Wilhelm von Dobschütz a Prussian "general of cavalry", the "hero of Dennewitz" and "liberator of Wittenberg", military governor of the Rhine province and of Breslau. He was Gutsherr of Zölling, which his wife had inherited, and the Gütern Ober- and Nieder-Briesnitz as well as Schönbrunn, all in the district Sagan
1844 Pietro Benvenuti an Italian neoclassical painter.
1846 Joseph Weigl an Austrian composer and conductor, born in Eisenstadt, Hungary, Austrian Empire.
1847 Marie Duplessis a French courtesan and mistress to a number of prominent and wealthy men. She was the inspiration for Marguerite Gautier, the main character of La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas the younger, one of Duplessis' lovers. Much of what is known about her has been derived from the literary persona and contemporary legends
1856 Johann Christoph Friedrich Klug a German entomologist. He described the butterflies and some other insects of Upper Egypt and Arabia in Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg and Wilhelm Friedrich Hemprich's Symbolæ Physicæ. He was professor of medicine and entomology in the Humboldt-Universitat where he curated the insect collections from 1810 to 1856. At the same time he directed the Botanic Garden in Berlin which contains his collections. Klug worked mainly on Hymenoptera and Coleoptera. The plant genus Klugia was named in his honour as well as the butterflies Geitoneura klugii and Heliophisma klugii
1862 Jean-Baptiste Biot a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied the polarization of light. Biot also discovered the mineral biotite
1862 Carl Ludwig Blume a German-Dutch botanist.
1866 François-Xavier Garneau a nineteenth-century French Canadian notary, poet, civil servant and liberal who wrote a three-volume history of the French Canadian nation entitled Histoire du Canada between 1845 and 1848.
1867 Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied a German explorer, ethnologist and naturalist. He led a pioneering expedition to southeast Brazil between 1815–1817, from which the album Reise nach Brasilien, which first revealed to Europe real images of Brazilian Indians, was the ultimate result. It was translated into several languages and recognized as one of the greatest contributions to the knowledge of Brazil at the beginning of the nineteenth century. In 1832 he embarked on another expedition, this time to North America, together with the Swiss painter Karl Bodmer
1868 Karl Mathy a Badensian statesman.
1869 Pyotr Kleinmichel Minister of Transport of Imperial Russia.
1870 Allen Trimble a Federalist and National Republican politician from Ohio. Son of James Trimble and Jane Allen. He served as the eighth and tenth Governor of Ohio, first concurrently as Senate Speaker, later elected twice in his own right
1870 Joseph-Henri Léveillé a French physician and mycologist who was a native of Crux-la-Ville, in the department of Nièvre.
1870 Konstantin Danzas a Russian Major General, a friend of Alexander Pushkin, and his second in a duel with d'Anthès.
1871 James Sheridan Muspratt a research chemist and teacher. His most influential publication was his two-volume book Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical and Analytical as applied and relating to the Arts and Manufactures