Born on February 4

1338 Louis King of Sicily King of Sicily from 15 September 1342 until his death. He was a minor upon his succession, and was under a regency until 1354. His actual rule was short, for he died in an outbreak of plague the next year. His reign was marked by civil war
1438 Philip II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy for the brief reign from 1496 to 1497.
1486 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu a Hindu monk and social reformer from 16th century India. A native of Navadvip in Bengal, he promoted the worship of God, in his tradition known by the name Krishna. He is venerated by followers of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
1495 Jean Parisot de Valette a French nobleman and 49th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, from 21 August 1557 to his death in 1568. As a Knight Hospitaller, joining the order in the Langue de Provence, he fought with distinction against the Turks at Rhodes. As Grand Master, Valette became the Order's hero and most illustrious leader, commanding the resistance against the Ottomans at the Great Siege of Malta in 1565, sometimes regarded as one of the greatest sieges of all time
1495 Francesco II Sforza Duke of Milan from 1521 until his death. He was the last member of the Sforza family to rule Milan
1498 George I of Württemberg-Mömpelgard a son of the Duke Henry of Württemberg and his second wife, the Countess Eva of Salm.
1505 Mikołaj Rej a Polish poet and prose writer of the emerging Renaissance in Poland as it succeeded the Middle Ages, as well as a politician and musician. He was the first Polish author to write exclusively in the Polish language, and is considered , to be one of the founders of Polish literary language and literature
1515 Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł a Lithuanian noble who held several administrative positions within the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: Voivode of Vilnius, Grand Lithuanian Chancellor, and Grand Hetman of Lithuania.
1553 Mōri Terumoto eventually overcome, participated in the Kyūshū campaign on Hideyoshi's side and built Hiroshima Castle, thus essentially founding Hiroshima.
1575 Pierre de Bérulle Cong. Orat. , was a French Catholic priest, cardinal and statesman, one of the most important mystics of the 17th century in France, and founder of the French school of spirituality, who could count among his friends and disciples Vincent de Paul and Francis de Sales
1639 Alessandro Melani an Italian composer and the brother of composer Jacopo Melani, and castrato singer Atto Melani. Along with Bernardo Pasquini and Alessandro Scarlatti, he was one of the leading composers active in Rome during the 17th century. He is also ranked among the second school of Roman opera composers which began with his brother's 1668 opera Il Girello. He is chiefly remembered today for his large output of liturgical music that he wrote while serving in various musical posts in Rome. Of particular interest is the large number of polychoral motets that he produced and his eight ascribed oratorios. Three published collections of his liturgical music survive today along with numerous solitary motets from other published volumes. A number of original manuscripts also survive
1646 Hans Erasmus Aßmann a German statesman and poet from the second Silesian school.
1667 Alessandro Magnasco an Italian late-Baroque painter active mostly in Milan and Genoa. He is best known for stylized, fantastic, often phantasmagoric genre or landscape scenes
1676 Giacomo Facco an Italian Baroque violinist, conductor and composer. One of the most famous Italian composers of his day, he was completely forgotten until 1962, when his work was discovered by composer, conductor and musicologist Uberto Zanolli
1677 Johann Ludwig Bach a composer and violinist.
1682 Johann Friedrich Böttger a German alchemist. He was born in Schleiz, and died in Dresden and is normally credited with being the first European to discover the secret of the creation of porcelain in 1708, but it has also been claimed that English manufacturers or Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus produced porcelain first. Certainly, the Meissen factory, established 1710, was the first to produce porcelain in Europe in large quantities and since the recipe was kept a trade secret by Böttger for his company, experiments continued elsewhere throughout Europe
1688 Pierre de Marivaux a French novelist and dramatist.
1696 Marco Foscarini a Venetian poet,writer and statesman who served as the 117th Doge of Venice from May 31, 1762 until his death. He studied in his youth in Bologna, and was active as a diplomat, serving as ambassador to Rome and Turin; he also served as the Procurator of Mark for a time. He was succeeded as Doge by Alvise Giovanni Mocenigo. Liceo classico Marco Foscarini,Venice,was named after him to honour his "History of Venetian literature"
1711 Józef Aleksander Jabłonowski a Polish nobleman.
1725 Dru Drury a British entomologist.
1738 Joachim Wilhelm von Brawe a German poet from Weißenfels.
1740 Carl Michael Bellman a Swedish poet, songwriter, composer and performer. Bellman is a central figure in the Swedish song tradition and remains a powerful influence in Swedish music, as well as in Scandinavian literature, to this day
1740 Adam Philippe Comte de Custine a French general, who was an officer in the Royalist army of Louis XV's. When the French Revolution began he joined the Revolutionary army as a brigadier-general, but resigned his commission when elected states-general. He rejoined the army in 1791 as a lieutenant-general and proved to be modestly successful in that role. However when he failed to relieve Condé-sur-l'Escaut he was found guilty of treason and executed
1741 Alexander Vorontsov the Russian imperial chancellor during the early years of Alexander I's reign.
1750 Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany, Hungary and Bohemia as the eleventh child and ninth daughter of Francis Stephen of Lorraine, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa. She was described as likeable and good-natured, but died aged 12 of smallpox
1758 Pierre Gardel a French ballet dancer, ballet master, violinist, and composer. He was the younger brother of Maximilien Gardel, seventeen years his senior. In 1795 he married the dancer Marie Miller, whom he showcased in many of his works
1761 Georg I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen Duke of Saxe-Meiningen from 1782 to 1803. He was known as a reformer and considered a model prince by many of his peers
1761 Blasius Merrem a German naturalist, zoologist, ornithologist, mathematician, and herpetologist. In 1804, he became the professor of political economy and botany at the University of Marburg
1764 Carel Hendrik Ver Huell a Dutch, and later French, admiral and statesman. He married Maria Johanna de Bruyn on 22 February 1789 at Hummelo, and had three sons with her
1772 Josiah Quincy III a U.S. educator and political figure. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives , Mayor of Boston , and President of Harvard University. The historic Quincy Market in downtown Boston is named in his honor
1773 Ludwig von Wolzogen a Württembergian military officer, who served during the Napoleonic Wars.
1774 Frederick Traugott Pursh a German-American botanist.
1776 Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus a German naturalist and botanist.
1778 Augustin Pyramus de Candolle a Swiss botanist. René Louiche Desfontaines launched Candolle's botanical career by recommending him at an herbarium. Within a couple of years Candolle had established a new genus, and he went on to document hundreds of plant families and create a new natural plant classification system. Although Candolle's main focus was botany, he also contributed to related fields such as phytogeography, agronomy, paleontology, medical botany, and economic botany
1788 John Kenrick (historian) an English classical historian.
1799 Almeida Garrett a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist and politician. He is considered to be the introducer of the Romanticism in Portugal. He is regarded as one of history's greatest romantics and a true revolutionary and humanist
1803 George Newport a prominent English entomologist. He was the first of four children of William Newport , a local wheelwright, and Sarah Gillham
1804 Ulrike von Levetzow a friend and the last love of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
1804 Julius Hermann Schultes a famous Austrian botanist from Vienna. He co-authored volume 7 of the Roemer & Schultes edition of the Systema Vegetabilium with his father Josef August Schultes
1805 William Harrison Ainsworth an English historical novelist born in Manchester. He trained as a lawyer, but the legal profession held no attraction for him. While completing his legal studies in London he met the publisher John Ebers, at that time manager of the King's Theatre, Haymarket. Ebers introduced Ainsworth to literary and dramatic circles, and to his daughter, who became Ainsworth's wife
1808 Josef Kajetán Tyl a significant Czech dramatist, writer and actor. He was a notable figure of the Czech National Revival movement and is best known as the author of the current national anthem of the Czech Republic titled Kde domov můj
1811 Peter Julian Eymard a French Catholic priest, founder of two religious institutes, and a canonized saint.
1815 Josip Juraj Strossmayer a Croatian politician, Roman Catholic bishop and benefactor.
1816 Alexander von Schrenk a Baltic German naturalist born near Tula in what was then the Russian Empire. He was a brother to zoologist Leopold von Schrenck
1820 Božena Němcová a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.
1825 Myles Birket Foster a popular English illustrator, watercolour artist and engraver in the Victorian period. His name is also to be found as Myles Birkett Foster
1829 Gustave Léonard de Jonghe a Belgian painter known for his glamourous society portraits and genre scenes.
1830 Princess Elisabeth of Saxony a Princess of Saxony who married the second son of the King of Sardinia. She was the mother of Margherita, Queen of Italy
1831 Oliver Ames a U.S. political figure and financier. He was the 35th Governor of Massachusetts. He was the son of Oakes Ames , a railroad baron and United States Congressman who was censured in the Credit Mobilier scandal, and the nephew of Oliver Ames, Jr
1835 A. V. Dicey Albert Venn "A. V." Dicey was a British jurist and constitutional theorist, and was the younger brother of Edward Dicey. He is most widely known as the author of An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution. The principles it expounds are considered part of the uncodified British constitution. He was a graduate of Balliol College, Oxford, and became Vinerian Professor of English Law at Oxford and a leading constitutional scholar of his day. Dicey popularised the phrase "rule of law", although its use goes back to the 17th century