Died on February 4

211 Septimius Severus Roman emperor from 193 to 211. Severus was born in Leptis Magna in the Roman province of Africa. As a young man he advanced through the cursus honorum—the customary succession of offices—under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors
708 Pope Sisinnius Pope from 15 January to his death in 708.
856 Rabanus Maurus a Frankish Benedictine monk, the archbishop of Mainz in Germany and a theologian. He was the author of the encyclopaedia De rerum naturis. He also wrote treatises on education and grammar and commentaries on the Bible. He was one of the most prominent teachers and writers of the Carolingian age, and was called "Praeceptor Germaniae," or "the teacher of Germany." On the Roman calendar , he is celebrated on 4 February and listed as 'sanctus,' though the online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia of nearly a century earlier lists him as 'beatus.'
870 Ceolnoth a medieval English Archbishop of Canterbury. Although later chroniclers stated he had previously held ecclesiastical office in Canterbury, there is no contemporary evidence of this, and his first appearance in history is when he became archbishop in 833. Ceolnoth faced two problems as archbishop — raids and invasions by the Vikings and a new political situation resulting from a change in overlordship from one kingdom to another during the early part of his archiepiscopate. Ceolnoth attempted to solve both problems by coming to an agreement with his new overlords for protection in 838. Ceolnoth's later years in office were marked by more Viking raids and a decline in monastic life in his archbishopric
1189 Gilbert of Sempringham C.R.S.A. the founder of the Gilbertine Order, was the only Englishman to found a conventual order, mainly because the Abbot of Cîteaux declined his request to assist him in organising a group of women who wanted to live as nuns, living with lay brothers and sisters, in 1148. In the end he founded a double monastery of canons regular and nuns
1222 William I Count of Holland Count of Holland from 1203 to 1222. He was the younger son of Floris III and Ada of Huntingdon
1461 Owen Tudor a Welsh soldier and courtier, descended from a daughter of the Welsh prince Rhys ap Gruffudd, "Lord Rhys". However, Owen Tudor is particularly remembered for his role in founding England's Tudor dynasty – including his relationship with, and his secret marriage to, Catherine of France, widow of King Henry V of England
1494 Yuriy Drohobych a philosopher, astrologist, writer, medical doctor, rector of the University of Bologna, professor of Kraków Academy, first publisher of a Ukrainian printed text. He is the author of Iudicium Pronosticon Anni 1483 Currentis
1498 Antonio del Pollaiolo an Italian painter, sculptor, engraver and goldsmith during the Renaissance.
1505 Joan of France Duchess of Berry briefly Queen of France as wife of King Louis XII, in between the death of her brother, King Charles VIII, and the annulment of her marriage. After that, she retired to her domain, where she soon founded the monastic Order of the Sisters of the Annunciation of Mary. From this Order later sprang the religious congregation of the Apostolic Sisters of the Annunciation, founded in 1787 to teach the children of the poor. She was canonized on 28 May 1950 and is known in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Joan of Valois, O.Ann.M
1508 Conrad Celtes a German Renaissance humanist scholar and Neo-Latin poet.
1553 Caspar Othmayr a German Protestant priest, theologian and composer.
1563 Wilhelm von Brandenburg the Archbishop of Riga from 1539 to 1561.
1590 Gioseffo Zarlino an Italian music theorist and composer of the Renaissance. He was possibly the most famous music theorist between Aristoxenus and Rameau, and made a large contribution to the theory of counterpoint as well as to musical tuning
1615 Giambattista della Porta an Italian scholar, polymath and playwright who lived in Naples at the time of the Scientific Revolution and Reformation.
1617 Lodewijk Elzevir a printer, born in the city of Leuven. He was the founder of the House of Elzevir, which printed, for example, the work of Galileo, at a time when his work was suppressed for religious reasons. Although the House of Elzevir ceased publishing in 1712, the modern Dutch Elsevier company was founded in 1880 and took its name from the historic Dutch publishing house
1624 Vicente Espinel a Spanish writer and musician of the Siglo de Oro.
1631 Bartolomé Leonardo de Argensola baptized at Barbastro on August 26, 1562.
1694 Natalya Naryshkina the Tsaritsa of Russia from 1671–1676 as the second spouse of Tsar Alexei I of Russia, and mother of Tsar Peter I of Russia.
1707 Otto Arnold von Paykull a Livonian officer in the service of the Electorate of Saxony.
1713 Anthony Ashley-Cooper 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury an English politician, philosopher and writer.
1738 Joseph Süß Oppenheimer a German Jewish banker and Court Jew for Duke Karl Alexander of Württemberg in Stuttgart. He was a nephew and stepson of the banker Samuel Oppenheimer, diplomat and Shtadlan to Kaiser Leopold of Austria
1746 Robert Blair (poet) a Scottish poet. His fame rests upon his poem The Grave, which, in a later printing was illustrated by William Blake
1752 Louis d'Orléans Duke of Orléans the Duke of Orléans and a member of the royal family of France, the House of Bourbon, and as such was a prince du sang. At his father's death, he became the First Prince of the Blood. Known as Louis le Pieux and also as Louis le Génovéfain, Louis was a pious, charitable and cultured prince, who took very little part in the politics of the time
1779 John Hamilton Mortimer a British figure and landscape painter and printmaker, known for romantic paintings set in Italy, works depicting conversations, and works drawn in the 1770s portraying war scenes, similar to those of Salvator Rosa.
1781 Josef Mysliveček a Czech composer who contributed to the formation of late eighteenth-century classicism in music. Mysliveček provided his younger friend Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart with significant compositional models in the genres of symphony, Italian serious opera, and violin concerto; both Wolfgang and his father Leopold Mozart considered him an intimate friend from the time of their first meetings in Bologna in 1770 until he betrayed their trust over the promise of an operatic commission for Wolfgang to be arranged with the management of the Teatro San Carlo in Naples. He was close to the Mozart family, and there are frequent references to him in the Mozart correspondence
1784 Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover and Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach.
1787 Pompeo Batoni an Italian painter who displayed a solid technical knowledge in his portrait work and in his numerous allegorical and mythological pictures. The high number of foreign visitors travelling throughout Italy and reaching Rome during their Grand Tour, made the artist specialized in portraits. Batoni won international fame largely thanks to his customers, mostly British of noble origin, whom he portrayed, often with famous Italian landscapes in the background. Such "Grand Tour" portraits by Batoni were in British private collections, thus ensuring the genre's popularity in the United Kingdom. One generation later, Sir Joshua Reynolds would take up this tradition and become the leading English portrait painter. Although Batoni was considered the best Italian painter of his time, contemporary chronicles mention of his rivalry with Anton Raphael Mengs
1799 Étienne-Louis Boullée a visionary French neoclassical architect whose work greatly influenced contemporary architects.
1805 Johann George Tromlitz a flautist, flute maker and composer.
1822 Jean-Baptiste Cyrus de Valence Timbrune de Thiembronne, Comte de Valence commanded French troops during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. A nobleman, he joined the French Royal Army as a captain of cavalry in 1778. By the time of the French Revolution he commanded a cavalry regiment. Valence led troops at Valmy in 1792 and was soon appointed to command the Army of the Ardennes. He led the right wing at Neerwinden. Becoming involved in Charles Francois Dumouriez's failed plot to seize control of the army, he defected in April 1793
1832 François-Xavier-Marc-Antoine de Montesquiou-Fézensac a French clergyman and politician.
1833 Bon-Joseph Dacier a French historian, philologist and translator from ancient Greek. He became a Chevalier de l'Empire , then Baron de l'Empire. He also served as curator of the Bibliothèque nationale
1837 John Latham (ornithologist) an English physician, naturalist and author. He was born in Eltham in South East London, and was the eldest son of John Latham , a surgeon there, and his mother was a descendant of the Sothebys, in Yorkshire
1840 Antoine Jacques Claude Joseph comte Boulay de la Meurthe a French politician and magistrate, son of an agricultural labourer, born at Chamousey.
1842 Théodore Simon Jouffroy a French philosopher.
1843 Theodoros Kolokotronis a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. Kolokotronis's greatest success was the defeat of the Ottoman army under Mahmud Dramali Pasha at the Battle of Dervenakia in 1822. In 1825, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Greek forces in the Peloponnese. Today, Kolokotronis ranks among the most revered of the protagonists of Greece's War of Independence
1847 Henri Dutrochet a French physician, botanist and physiologist. He is best known for his investigation into osmosis
1853 Princess Maria Amélia of Brazil a princess of the Empire of Brazil and a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. Her parents were Emperor Dom Pedro I, the first ruler of Brazil, and Amélie of Leuchtenberg. The only child of her father's second marriage, Maria Amélia was born in France after Pedro I abdicated the Brazilian throne in favor of his son Dom Pedro Before Maria Amélia was a month old, Pedro I went to Portugal to restore the crown of the eldest daughter of his first marriage, Dona Maria He fought a successful war against his brother Miguel I, who had usurped Maria II's throne
1863 Giuseppe Lillo an Italian composer. He is best known for his operas which followed in the same vein of Gioachino Rossini. He also produced works for solo piano, a small amount of sacred music, and some chamber music
1871 Hermann Fürst von Pückler-Muskau a German nobleman, who was an excellent artist in landscape gardening and wrote widely appreciated books, mostly about his travels in Europe and Northern Africa, published under the pen name of "Semilasso".
1871 Imam Shamil an Avar political and religious leader of the Muslim tribes of the Northern Caucasus. He was a leader of anti-Russian resistance in the Caucasian War and was the third Imam of the Caucasian Imamate
1880 Francis de Laporte de Castelnau a French naturalist, known also as François Laporte or Francis de Castelnau.
1884 George Engelmann a German-American botanist. He was instrumental in describing the flora of the west of North America, then very poorly known; he was particularly active in the Rocky Mountains and northern Mexico, one of his constant companions being another German-American, the botanical illustrator Paulus Roetter
1886 Hans Victor von Unruh a Prussian civil servant and politician, President of the Prussian National Assembly of 1848 and Member of the Reichstag of the German Empire.
1890 Antoine Duke of Montpensier a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain
1890 Fletcher Stockdale a U.S. politician, lawyer, railroad official and Governor of Texas.
1894 Louis Lewandowski a German composer of synagogal music.
1901 Svetozar Miletić an advocate, journalist, author, politician, mayor of Novi Sad, and the political leader of Serbs in Vojvodina.
1905 Louis-Ernest Barrias a French sculptor of the Beaux-Arts school.