Died on February 5

517 Avitus of Vienne a Latin poet and archbishop of Vienne in Gaul.
806 Emperor Kanmu the 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Kanmu reigned from 781 to 806
1157 Conrad Margrave of Meissen the Margrave of Meissen from 1123 until his retirement in 1156. He was the son of Thimo, Count of Brehna, of the House of Wettin and Ida, daughter of Otto of Nordheim. He was also Count of Wettin, Brehna, and Camburg from before 1116
1520 Sten Sture the Younger a Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden, during the era of the Kalmar Union.
1579 Giovanni Battista Moroni a North Italian painter of the Late Renaissance period. He is also called Giambattista Moroni. Best known for his elegantly realistic portraits of the local nobility and clergy, he is considered one of the great portrait painters of sixteenth century Italy
1590 Bernardino de Sahagún a Franciscan friar, missionary priest and pioneering ethnographer who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain. Born in Sahagún, Spain, in 1499, he journeyed to New Spain in 1529, and spent more than 50 years in the study of Aztec beliefs, culture and history. Though he dedicated himself primarily to the missionary task, his extraordinary work documenting indigenous worldview and culture has earned him the title “the first anthropologist." He also contributed to the description of the Aztec language Nahuatl, into which he translated the Psalms, the Gospels and a basic manual of religious education
1597 Paulo Miki a Roman Catholic Japanese Jesuit seminarian, martyr and saint, one of the Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan.
1597 Philip of Jesus a Mexican Catholic missionary who became one of the Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan, the first Mexican saint and patron saint of Mexico City.
1615 Dom Justo Takayama a kirishitan daimyo and a Japanese samurai who followed Christianity in the Sengoku period of Japan.
1637 Josyf Veliamyn Rutsky a Greek-Catholic Metropolitan bishop of Kyiv from 1613 to 1637. He worked to build the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in the first few decades after the Union of Brest of 1596; he also reformed the Basilian monks
1639 Augusta of Denmark the third daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark and Sophia of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, and Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp as the wife of Duke John Adolf. She was politically influential during the reign of her son, Duke Frederick III
1661 Shunzhi Emperor the third emperor of the Qing dynasty and the first Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1644 to 1661. A committee of Manchu princes chose him to succeed his father, Hong Taiji , in September 1643, when he was five years old. The princes also appointed two co-regents: Dorgon , fourteenth son of Qing founder Nurhaci , and Jirgalang , one of Nurhaci's nephews, both of whom were members of the Qing imperial clan
1679 Joost van den Vondel a Dutch writer and playwright. He is considered the most prominent Dutch poet and playwright of the 17th century. His plays are the ones from that period that are still most frequently performed, and his epic Joannes de Boetgezant , on the life of John the Baptist, has been called the greatest Dutch epic
1705 Philipp Spener a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism.".
1745 Anna Louise Föhse the daughter of Rudolf Föhse , the court pharmacist in Dessau, and his wife, Agnes Ohme.
1751 Henri François d'Aguesseau Chancellor of France three times between 1717 and 1750 and pronounced by Voltaire to be "the most learned magistrate France every possessed".
1754 Nicolaas Kruik a Dutch land surveyor, cartographer, astronomer and weatherman. He is remembered most today for the Museum De Cruquius bearing his name
1757 Horatio Walpole 1st Baron Walpole a son of Robert Walpole of Houghton, Norfolk, and a younger brother of the Prime Minister of Great Britain Sir Robert Walpole.
1766 Count Leopold Joseph von Daun born at Vienna, as son of Count Wirich Philipp von Daun.
1775 Eusebius Amort a German Roman Catholic theologian.
1781 Prince Levan of Georgia a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, born to King Heraclius II and Queen Darejan Dadiani. His career flourished in the 1770s, when he was an ambassador to the Russian Empire and then an army commander. Levan was a talented general and a major supporter of his father's military reforms which eroded irreversibly after Levan's mysterious death in 1781
1790 William Cullen a Scottish physician, chemist and agriculturalist, and one of the most important professors at the Edinburgh Medical School, during its heyday as the leading center of medical education in the English-speaking world.
1803 George Bass a British naval surgeon and explorer of Australia.
1803 Giovanni Battista Casti an Italian poet, satirist, and author of comic opera librettos, born in Acquapendente. He entered the priesthood after studying at the seminary of Montefiascone and became a canon in the cathedral of his native place, but gave up his chance of church preferment to satisfy his restless spirit by visiting most of the capitals of Europe. In 1784, after the death of Metastasio , he failed to be appointed Poeta Cesario, or poet laureate of Austria, and he left Austria in 1796. He spent the rest of his life in Paris, where he died in 1803. Casti is best known as the author of the Novelle galanti, and of Gli Animali parlanti, a poetical allegory, over which he spent eight years , which excited so much interest that it was translated into French, German and Spanish, and into English, in S. Rose's Court and Parliament of Beasts. Written during the time of the Revolution in France, it was intended to exhibit the feelings and hopes of the people and the defects and absurdities of various political systems. Some of Goya's print series The Disasters of War drew from the Spanish translation of 1813. The Novelle Galanti is a series of poetical tales, in the ottava rima metre largely used by Italian poets for that class of compositions. One merit of these poems is in the harmony and purity of the style, and the liveliness and sarcastic power of many passages
1804 Christian Joseph Jagemann a German scholar, court-advisor and librarian.
1807 Pasquale Paoli a Corsican patriot and leader, the president of the Executive Council of the General Diet of the People of Corsica. Paoli designed and wrote the Constitution of the state
1815 Nikolai Nikolev a Russian poet and playwright.
1817 Tomasz Adam Ostrowski a Polish nobleman , politician, spokesman, statesman and Count since 1798.
1818 Charles XIII of Sweden King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway from 1814 until his death. He was the second son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, sister of Frederick II of Prussia
1819 Hannah Van Buren the wife of the eighth United States President, Martin Van Buren.
1820 Tadeusz Brzozowski Very Rev. Tadeusz Brzozowski, S.J. was a Polish Jesuit, elected 19th Superior General of the Society of Jesus
1823 Juan Antonio Llorente a Spanish historian.
1847 Luis José de Orbegoso President of Peru from 1833 to 1835. This was a time of profound social instability and continuing civil war which led his government to coexist with that of Pedro Pablo Bermúdez, and later with Felipe Santiago Salaverry
1853 Thomas Talbot (Upper Canada) an Irish-born Canadian soldier and politician.
1859 Alecu Russo a Moldavian Romanian writer, literary critic and publicist.
1861 Pierre Bosquet a French Army general. He served during the conquest of Algeria and the Crimean War; returning from Crimea he was made Marshal of France and senator
1862 Ignaz Franz Castelli an Austrian dramatist born in Vienna. He studied law at the university, and then entered the government service
1863 Jean-Gabriel Eynard a Swiss banker.
1866 Rodolphe de Maistre None
1867 Serafín Estébanez Calderón a Spanish author, best known by the pseudonym of El Solitario. He was born in Málaga. His first literary effort was El Listen verde, a poem signed "Safinio" and written to celebrate the revolution of 1820. He was called to the bar, and settled for some time in Madrid, where he published a volume of verses in 1831 under the assumed name of "El Solitario." He obtained an exaggerated reputation as an Arabic scholar, and played a minor part in the political movements of his time. He died in Madrid in 1867. His most interesting work, Escenas andaluzas , is in an affected style, the vocabulary being partly archaic and partly provincial; but, despite its eccentric mannerisms, it is a vivid record of picturesque scenes and local customs. Estebanez Calderon is also the author of an unfinished history, De la conquista y pirdida de Portugal , issued posthumously under the editorship of his nephew, Antonio Canovas del Castillo
1874 Moritz Haupt a German philologist.
1875 Arthur von Ramberg an Austrian-born painter who worked in Germany.
1881 Thomas Carlyle a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher. Considered one of the most important social commentators of its time, he presented many lectures during his lifetime with certain acclaim in the Victorian era. One of those conferences resulted in his famous work On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History where he explains that the key role in history lies in the actions of the "Great Man", claiming that "History is nothing but the biography of the Great Man"
1882 José Selgas a Spanish poet and novelist.
1882 Adolfo Rivadeneyra a Spanish diplomat, orientalist, editor and traveler.
1883 Pertevniyal Sultan a Circassian wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II and Valide Sultan to their son Abdülaziz. Because of this, her rank in the royal harem was "Beşinci Kadın Efendi"
1884 Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal (1843–1884) a Portuguese infanta , the eldest surviving daughter of Queen Maria II of Portugal and her King consort Ferdinand II of Portugal, born Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
1886 Richard Robert Madden an Irish doctor, writer, abolitionist and historian of the United Irishmen. Madden took an active role in trying to impose anti-slavery rules in Jamaica on behalf of the British government
1887 Charles MacGregor an Anglo-Indian explorer, geographer and officer of the British Indian Army. He was the Quartermaster General for the British Army in India, the head of the Intelligence Department for the British Indian Army and served under Frederick Roberts in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. The MacGregor Medal is awarded in his honour
1887 Peder Balke a Norwegian painter. He was known for portraying the nature of Norway in a positive manner and influenced a dramatic and romantic view of the Norwegian landscape