February 5 events in history

62 Earthquake in Pompeii, Italy
756 An Lushan, leader of a revolt against the Tang Dynasty, declares himself emperor and establishes the state of Yan
1576 Henry of Navarre abjures Catholicism at Tours and rejoins the Protestant forces in the French Wars of Religion
1597 A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society
1631 Roger Williams emigrates to Boston
1778 South Carolina becomes the second state to ratify the Articles of Confederation
1782 Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca
1783 In Calabria a sequence of strong earthquakes begins
1810 Peninsular War: Siege of Cádiz begins
1818 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway
1849 University of Wisconsin-Madison's first class meets at Madison Female Academy
1852 The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the largest and oldest museums in the world, opens to the public
1859 Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza as the United Principalities, an autonomous region within the Ottoman Empire, which ushered the birth of the modern Romanian state
1869 The largest alluvial gold nugget in history, called the "Welcome Stranger", is found in Moliagul, Victoria, Australia
1885 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession
1900 The United States and the United Kingdom sign a treaty for the Panama Canal
1909 Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland announces the creation of Bakelite, the world's first synthetic plastic
1913 Greek military aviators, Michael Moutoussis and Aristeidis Moraitinis perform the first naval air mission in history, with a Farman MF.7 hydroplane
1917 The current constitution of Mexico is adopted, establishing a federal republic with powers separated into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches
1917 The Congress of the United States passes the Immigration Act of 1917 over President Woodrow Wilson's veto. Also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act, it forbade immigration from nearly all of south and southeast Asia
1918 Stephen W. Thompson shoots down a German airplane. It is the first aerial victory by the U.S. military
1918 SS Tuscania is torpedoed off the coast of Ireland; it is the first ship carrying American troops to Europe to be torpedoed and sunk
1919 Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists
1924 The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the "BBC pips"
1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposes a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court of the United States
1939 Generalísimo Francisco Franco becomes the 68th "Caudillo de España", or Leader of Spain
1941 World War II: Allied forces begin the Battle of Keren to capture Keren, Eritrea
1945 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
1946 The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea
1958 Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic
1958 A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb is lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered
1962 French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence
1963 The European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen establishes the principle of direct effect, one of the most important, if not the most important, decisions in the development of European Union law
1971 Astronauts land on the moon in the Apollo 14 mission
1972 Bob Douglas becomes the first African American elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame
1975 Riots break in Lima, Peru after the police forces go on strike the day before. The uprising (locally known as the Limazo) is bloodily suppressed by the military dictatorship
1976 The 1976 swine flu outbreak begins at Fort Dix, NJ
1985 Ugo Vetere, then the mayor of Rome, and Chedli Klibi, then the mayor of Carthage meet in Tunis to sign a treaty of friendship officially ending the Third Punic War which lasted 2,131 years
1988 Manuel Noriega is indicted on drug smuggling and money laundering charges
1994 Markale massacres, more than 60 people are killed and some 200 wounded as a mortar shell explodes in a downtown marketplace in Sarajevo
1994 Byron De La Beckwith is convicted of the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers
1997 The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families
2000 Russian forces massacre at least 60 civilians in the Novye Aldi suburb of Grozny, Chechnya
2004 Rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaïves, starting the 2004 Haiti rebellion
2008 A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States kills 57