Died on February 6

743 Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik 10th Umayyad caliph who ruled from 724 until his death in 743. When he was born in 691 his mother named him after her father
797 Donnchad Midi High King of Ireland. His father, Domnall Midi, had been the first Uí Néill High King from the south-central Clann Cholmáin based in modern County Westmeath and western County Meath, Ireland. The reigns of Domnall and his successor, Niall Frossach of the Cenél nEógain, had been relatively peaceful, but Donnchad's rule saw a return to a more expansionist policy directed against Leinster, traditional target of the Uí Néill, and also, for the first time, the great southern kingdom of Munster
893 Photios I of Constantinople recognized in the Eastern Orthodox churches as Photios the Great.
1140 Thurstan a medieval Archbishop of York, the son of a priest. He served kings William II and Henry I of England before his election to the see of York in 1114. Once elected, his consecration was delayed for five years while he fought attempts by the Archbishop of Canterbury to assert primacy over York. Eventually, he was consecrated by the pope instead and allowed to return to England. While archbishop, he secured two new suffragan bishops for his province. When Henry I died, Thurstan supported Henry's nephew Stephen of Blois as king. Thurstan also defended the northern part of England from invasion by the Scots, taking a leading part in organising the English forces at the Battle of the Standard. Shortly before his death, Thurstan resigned from his see and took the habit of a Cluniac monk
1143 Hugh II Duke of Burgundy duke of Burgundy between 1103 and 1143. Hugh was son of Odo I, Duke of Burgundy
1155 Sigurd II of Norway king of Norway from 1136 to 1155. He was son of Harald Gille, king of Norway and his mistress Tora Guttormsdotter. He served as co-ruler with his half-brothers, Inge Haraldsson and Eystein Haraldsson. His epithet Munn means "the Mouth" in Old Norse. He was killed in the power-struggle against his brother, Inge, in an early stage of the civil war era in Norway
1158 Guarinus of Palestrina an Italian Augustinian canon regular and Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina from December 1144. He is a Catholic saint, whose feast day is February 6
1160 Fujiwara no Nobuyori one of the chief allies of Minamoto no Yoshitomo in the Heiji Rebellion of 1159. As a member of the Fujiwara clan, Nobuyori might have been in line to become regent, and he desired power, which he obtained for a short while following the Rebellion
1169 Thoros II Prince of Armenia the sixth lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains”.
1215 Hōjō Tokimasa the first Hōjō shikken of the Kamakura bakufu and head of the Hōjō clan. He was shikken from 1203 until his abdication in 1205
1219 Robert of Courçon an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
1378 Joanna of Bourbon Queen of France as the wife of King Charles V.
1497 Johannes Ockeghem often considered the most influential composer between Dufay and Josquin des Prez. In addition to being a renowned composer, he was also an honored singer, choirmaster, and teacher
1515 Aldus Manutius an Italian humanist who became a printer and publisher when he founded the Aldine Press at Venice.
1539 John III Duke of Cleves a son of John II, Duke of Cleves and Mathilde of Hesse, daughter of Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse.
1552 Henry V Duke of Mecklenburg the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg in the region Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the son of Duke Magnus II and Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin.
1585 Edmund Plowden a distinguished English lawyer, legal scholar and theorist during the late Tudor period.
1591 Anna Sophia of Prussia a German noblewoman. She was a duchess in Prussia by birth and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg
1593 Jacques Amyot born of poor parents, at Melun.
1593 Emperor Ōgimachi the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557 to December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Warring States Era and the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His personal name was Michihito
1597 Franciscus Patricius a philosopher and scientist from the Republic of Venice. He was known as a defender of Platonism and an opponent of Aristotelianism. In Croatia he is referred to as Frane Petrić. His family name in Cres was known as Petris
1612 Christopher Clavius a German Jesuit mathematician and astronomer who modified the proposal of the modern Gregorian calendar after the death of its primary author, Luigi Lilio. Clavius would later write defences and an explanation of the reformed calendar, including an emphatic acknowledgement of Lilio's work. In his last years he was probably the most respected astronomer in Europe and his textbooks were used for astronomical education for over fifty years in and even out of Europe
1615 Patrick Stewart 2nd Earl of Orkney the son of Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney, and a grandson of James V of Scotland. He was executed for treason in 1615
1651 Erdmann August of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a member of the House of Hohenzollern and Hereditary Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.
1679 Margherita de' Medici Duchess of Parma and Piacenza by her marriage to Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma. Margherita was regent of Piacenza in 1635 and regent of the entire duchy in 1646 after the death of her husband
1684 Ernst Bogislaw von Croÿ a Lutheran Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Cammin and official in the service of Brandenburg-Prussia.
1685 Charles II of England monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1695 Ahmed II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1691 to 1695. Ahmed II was born at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, the son of Sultan Ibrahim by Valide Sultan Hatice Muazzez, and succeeded his brother Suleiman II in 1691
1699 Joseph Ferdinand Prince of Asturias the son of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and his first wife, Maria Antonia of Austria, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, maternal granddaughter of King Felipe IV of Spain.
1708 Elias van den Broeck a Dutch Golden Age flower painter.
1740 Pope Clement XII Pope from 12 July 1730 to his death in 1740.
1761 Clemens August of Bavaria a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria and Archbishop-Elector of Cologne.
1775 William Dowdeswell (Chancellor) a British politician. He went abroad to recover his health in 1774 but died the next February in Nice
1783 Capability Brown an English landscape architect. He is remembered as "the last of the great English eighteenth-century artists to be accorded his due", and "England's greatest gardener". He designed over 170 parks, many of which still endure. His influence was so great that the contributions to the English garden made by his predecessors Charles Bridgeman and William Kent are often overlooked; even Kent's apologist Horace Walpole allowed that Kent had been followed by "a very able master"
1793 Carlo Goldoni an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice. His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle classes. Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language, regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Goldoni also wrote under the pen name and title "Polisseno Fegeio, Pastor Arcade," which he claimed in his memoirs the "Arcadians of Rome" bestowed on him
1803 Gasparo Angiolini an Italian dancer and choreographer, and composer. He was born in Florence and died in Milan
1804 Joseph Priestley an 18th-century English theologian, Dissenting clergyman, natural philosopher, chemist, educator, and Liberal political theorist who published over 150 works. He is usually credited with the discovery of oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state, although Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Antoine Lavoisier also have a claim to the discovery
1807 John Reid (British Army officer) a British army general and founder of the chair of music at the University of Edinburgh.
1825 William Eustis an early American physician, politician, and statesman from Massachusetts. Trained in medicine, he served as a military surgeon during the American Revolutionary War, notably at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He resumed medical practice after the war, but soon entered politics
1833 Pierre André Latreille a French zoologist, specialising in arthropods. Having trained as a Roman Catholic priest before the French Revolution, Latreille was imprisoned, and only regained his freedom after recognising a rare beetle species he found in the prison, Necrobia ruficollis. He published his first important work in 1796 , and was eventually employed by the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. His foresighted work on arthropod systematics and taxonomy gained him respect and accolades. He was considered the foremost entomologist of his time, and was described by one of his pupils as "the prince of entomologists"
1834 Richard Lemon Lander a Cornish explorer of western Africa.
1838 Piet Retief a South African Boer leader. Settling in 1814 in the frontier region of the Cape Colony, he assumed command of punitive expeditions in response to raiding parties from the adjacent Xhosa territory. He became a spokesperson for the frontier farmers who voiced their discontent, and wrote the Voortrekkers' declaration at their departure from the colony
1848 Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga a Uruguayan priest, naturalist and botanist.
1851 John Kirk Townsend an American naturalist, ornithologist and collector.
1853 August Kopisch a German poet and painter.
1853 Anastasio Bustamante president of Mexico three times, from 1830 to 1832, from 1837 to 1839 and from 1839 to 1841. He was a Conservative. He first came to power by leading a coup against president Vicente Guerrero. Bustamante was deposed twice and exiled to Europe each time
1855 Josef Munzinger a Swiss politician.
1858 Georg Friedrich Creuzer a German philologist and archaeologist.
1865 John Pegram (general) a career soldier from Virginia who served as an officer in the United States Army and then as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He became the first former U.S. Army officer to be captured in Confederate service in 1861 and was killed in action near the end of the war
1869 Carlo Cattaneo an Italian philosopher, writer and patriot.