February 7 events in history

457 Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire
1074 Pandulf IV of Benevento is killed battling the invading Normans at the Battle of Montesarchio
1301 Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first English Prince of Wales
1497 The bonfire of the vanities occurs in which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn thousands of objects like cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy
1783 American Revolutionary War: French and Spanish forces lift the Great Siege of Gibraltar
1795 The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified
1807 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Eylau – Napoléon's French Empire begins fighting against Russian and Prussian forces of the Fourth Coalition at Eylau, Poland
1812 The strongest in a series of earthquakes strikes New Madrid, Missouri
1813 Action of 7 February 1813: stalemate two evenly matched frigates from the French Navy and the British Royal Navy, Aréthuse and HMS Amelia
1819 Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles leaves Singapore after just taking it over, leaving it in the hands of William Farquhar
1842 Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien
1856 The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the second piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot
1863 HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189
1894 The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado
1897 Greco-Turkish War: The first full-scale battle takes place when the Greek expeditionary force in Crete defeats a 4,000-strong Ottoman force at Livadeia
1898 Dreyfus affair: Émile Zola is brought to trial for libel for publishing J'Accuse
1900 Second Boer War: British troops fail in their third attempt to lift the Siege of Ladysmith
1904 A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours
1907 The Mud March is the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS)
1935 The classic board game Monopoly is invented
1940 The second full length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio, premieres
1943 World War II: Imperial Japanese Navy forces complete the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign
1944 World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle
1951 Korean War: 705 suspected communist sympathizers are butchered by South Korean forces
1962 The United States bans all Cuban imports and exports
1964 The Beatles first arrive in the United States. Their performance on The Ed Sullivan Show two days later would mark the beginning of the British Invasion
1974 Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom
1979 Pluto moves inside Neptune's orbit for the first time since either was discovered
1984 Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B Mission – Astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart make the first untethered space walk using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU)
1986 Twenty-eight years of one-family rule end in Haiti, when President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees the Caribbean nation
1990 Dissolution of the Soviet Union: The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agrees to give up its monopoly on power
1991 Haiti's first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in
1992 The Maastricht Treaty is signed, leading to the creation of the European Union
1995 Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan
1999 Crown Prince Abdullah becomes the King of Jordan on the death of his father, King Hussein
2009 Bushfires in Victoria leaves 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history
2012 President Mohamed Nasheed of the Republic of Maldives resigns, after 23 days of anti-governmental protests calling for the release of Chief Judge unlawfully arrested by the military
2013 At least 51 people are killed in a crash involving a bus and truck in Zambia
2014 The opening ceremony for the Winter Olympics takes place in Sochi, Russia