Born on February 8

120 Vettius Valens a 2nd-century Hellenistic astrologer, a somewhat younger contemporary of Claudius Ptolemy.
412 Proclus a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, one of the last major Classical philosophers. He set forth one of the most elaborate and fully developed systems of Neoplatonism. He stands near the end of the classical development of philosophy, and was very influential on Western medieval philosophy as well as Islamic thought
785 Emperor Saga the 52nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Saga's reign spanned the years from 809 through 823
1191 Yaroslav II of Vladimir the Grand Prince of Vladimir who helped to restore his country and capital after the Mongol invasion of Russia.
1291 Afonso IV of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarves from 1325 until his death. He was the only legitimate son of King Denis of Portugal by his wife Elizabeth of Aragon
1405 Constantine XI Palaiologos the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. Following his death, he became a legendary figure in Greek folklore as the "Marble Emperor" who would awaken and recover the Empire and Constantinople from the Ottomans. His death marked the end of the Roman Empire, which had continued in the East for 977 years after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
1487 Ulrich Duke of Württemberg succeeded his kinsman Eberhard II as Duke of Württemberg in 1498. He was declared of age in 1503
1552 Agrippa d'Aubigné a French poet, soldier, propagandist and chronicler. His epic poem Les Tragiques is widely regarded as his masterpiece
1572 Cyril Metropolitan of Moscow the Metropolitan of Moscow and all Rus from 1568 until 1572.
1577 Robert Burton (scholar) an English scholar at Oxford University, best known for the classic The Anatomy of Melancholy. He was also the incumbent of St Thomas the Martyr, Oxford, and of Seagrave in Leicestershire
1591 Guercino an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna. The vigorous naturalism of his early manner is in contrast to the classical equilibrium of his later works. His many drawings are noted for their luminosity and lively style
1630 Pierre Daniel Huet a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physique in Caen and Bishop of Soissons from 1685 to 1689 and afterwards of Avranches.
1634 Teodósio Prince of Brazil the heir-apparent son of John IV of Portugal and his wife Luisa de Guzmán. In 1645 he was given the title of Prince of Brazil, a new crown-princely position thus created. Also, his father granted him the duchy as 10th Duke of Braganza, presumably after his uncle Duarte died in 1649
1649 Gabriel Daniel born in Rouen.
1685 Charles-Jean-François Hénault a French writer and historian.
1700 Daniel Bernoulli a Swiss mathematician and physicist and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. He is particularly remembered for his applications of mathematics to mechanics, especially fluid mechanics, and for his pioneering work in probability and statistics. His name is commemorated in the Bernoulli principle, a particular example of the conservation of energy, which describes the mathematics of the mechanism underlying the operation of two important technologies of the 20th century: the carburetor and the airplane wing
1708 Václav Jan Kopřiva a Bohemian composer and organist.
1716 Pasquale Cafaro an Italian composer who was particularly known for his operas and the significant amount of sacred music he produced, including oratorios, motets, and masses. He was also called Cafariello
1720 Emperor Sakuramachi the 115th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1727 Jean-André Deluc a Swiss geologist and meteorologist. He also devised measuring instruments
1741 André Grétry a composer from the Prince-Bishopric of Liège , who worked from 1767 onwards in France and took French nationality. He is most famous for his opéras comiques
1744 Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg Archbishop of Mainz, Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Regensburg, Prince-Primate of the Confederation of the Rhine and Grand Duke of Frankfurt.
1749 Friedrich Adam Julius von Wangenheim a German botanist specializing in forestry, and was the citing authority for a number of described eastern North American plant species. He was also a Hessian soldier, and during his service in the thirteen colonies devoted his leisure time to botanical studies of American forests. When he returned to Prussia, he wrote up his research and strongly advocated importing suitable American species of trees and shrubs for use in German forests
1762 Gia Long the first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. Unifying what is now modern Vietnam in 1802, he founded the Nguyễn Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties
1765 Joseph Leopold Eybler an Austrian composer and contemporary of Mozart.
1777 Bernard Courtois a French chemist born in Dijon, France.
1781 Princess Wilhelmine Duchess of Sagan a German noble from the Ruling family of Courland and Semigallia and a sovereign Duchess of Sagan. Wilhelmine is mainly known for her relationship with Klemens Metternich, a statesman of the Austrian Empire
1785 Heinrich Anschütz a German actor.
1785 Martín Miguel de Güemes a military leader and popular caudillo who defended northwestern Argentina from the Spanish during the Argentine War of Independence.
1787 Jan Zygmunt Skrzynecki a Polish general, Commander-in-Chief of the November Uprising.
1787 Giovanni Gussone an Italian academic and botanist, remembered for his work in plant taxonomy and his research of Sicilian flora.
1792 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria a daughter of Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria and his wife, Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt , and a member of the House of Wittelsbach. She was married to Crown Prince William of Württemberg, whom she divorced, and to Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. From 1816–1835, she was Empress of Austria in her second marriage
1795 Peter Jan Beckx Very Rev. Peter Jan Beckx, S.J. was a Belgian Jesuit, elected 22nd Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
1795 Moritz Gottlieb Saphir an Austrian satirical writer and journalist.
1795 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge a German analytical chemist.
1796 Barthélemy Prosper Enfantin a French social reformer, one of the founders of Saint-Simonianism. He was also a proponent of a Suez canal
1798 Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia a Russian nobleman, the tenth child and fourth son of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. He was born in Petersburg
1804 Richard Lemon Lander a Cornish explorer of western Africa.
1805 Louis Auguste Blanqui a French socialist and political activist, notable for his revolutionary theory of Blanquism.
1807 Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins an English sculptor and natural history artist renowned for his work on the life-size models of dinosaurs in the Crystal Palace Park in south London. The models, accurately made using the latest scientific knowledge, created a sensation at the time. Hawkins was also a noted lecturer on zoological topics
1810 Norbert Burgmüller a German composer.
1810 Ivan Khrutsky a Belarus-Russian painter known by his still lifes and portraits.
1810 Eliphas Levi a French occult author and ceremonial magician.
1812 Agenor Romuald Gołuchowski a Polish-Austrian conservative politician, member of parliament of Austria, Minister of Interior and governor of Galicia, and father of Agenor Maria Gołuchowski and Adam Gołuchowski. Gołuchowski was a confidant and key advisor to the Emperor Franz Joseph
1813 Samo Tomášik a Slovak romantic poet and prosaist.
1813 Karl Weltzien a German scientist who was Professor of Chemistry at the Technische Hochschule of Karlsruhe from 1848 to 1869. Starting about 1840, Weltzien constructed new laboratories for chemistry research and teaching at Karlsruhe. Weltzien's successor as Professor of Chemistry was Lothar Meyer
1814 Carl Paul Caspari a Norwegian neo-Lutheran theologian and academic. He wrote several books and is best known for his interpretations and translation of the Old Testament
1815 Erskine May 1st Baron Farnborough a British constitutional theorist. This derived from his career at the House of Commons
1817 Richard S. Ewell a career United States Army officer and a Confederate general during the American Civil War. He achieved fame as a senior commander under Stonewall Jackson and Robert Lee and fought effectively through much of the war, but his legacy has been clouded by controversies over his actions at the Battle of Gettysburg and at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
1818 Wilhelm Camphausen born and died at Düsseldorf, and studied under Alfred Rethel and Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow. As an historical and battle painter he rapidly became popular, and in 1859 was made professor of painting at the Düsseldorf Academy, together with other later distinctions. His Flight of Tilly , Prince Eugene of Savoy at the Battle of Belgrade , Flight of Charles II after the Battle of Worcester , Cromwell's Cavalry , are his principal earlier pictures; and his Frederick the Great at Potsdam, Frederick II and the Bayreuth Dragoons at Hohenfriedburg. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting