Died on February 8

538 Severus of Antioch considered one of the founders of the Syriac Orthodox Church. Severus is also considered a Church father and a saint in Oriental Orthodoxy
1008 Emperor Kazan the 65th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1135 Elvira of Castile Queen of Sicily the first Queen of Sicily.
1204 Alexios IV Angelos Byzantine Emperor from August 1203 to January 1204. He was the son of Emperor Isaac II Angelus and his first wife Irene. His paternal uncle was Emperor Alexius III Angelus
1250 Robert I Count of Artois the first Count of Artois, the fifth son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.
1250 William II Longespée the son of William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, and Ela, 3rd Countess of Salisbury. His death became of significant importance to the English psyche, having died as a martyr due to the purported mistakes of the French at the Battle of Mansurah, near Al-Mansurah in Egypt
1265 Hulagu Khan a Mongol ruler who conquered much of Southwest Asia. Son of Tolui and the Kerait princess Sorghaghtani Beki, he was a grandson of Genghis Khan and brother of Ariq Böke, Möngke Khan, and Kublai Khan
1285 Theodoric of Landsberg from 1265 Margrave of Landsberg. He was the second son of Henry the Illustrious and Constance of Babenberg. He was a member of the House of Wettin
1296 Przemysł II the Duke of Poznań during 1257-1279, of Greater Poland during 1279-1296, of Kraków during 1290-1291 and Gdańsk Pomerania during 1294-1296, and then King of Poland from 1295 until his death. After a long period of Polish High Dukes, and two nominal kings, he was the first to obtain the hereditary title of King, and for Poland the rank of Kingdom
1314 Helen of Anjou the queen consort of the Serbian Kingdom. Her husband was Stephen Uroš I and her children kings Dragutin and Milutin
1382 Blanche of France Duchess of Orléans the posthumous daughter of King Charles IV of France and his third wife Jeanne d'Évreux.
1537 Gerolamo Emiliani an Italian humanitarian, founder of the Somaschi Fathers, and saint. He was canonized in 1767 and is the patron saint of orphans
1553 John Ernest Duke of Saxe-Coburg a Duke of Saxe-Coburg.
1572 Cho Shik a Korean Joseon Dynasty Neo-Confucian scholar, educator, and poet. He had a major influence on the Easterners and the Northerners
1587 Mary Queen of Scots Queen of Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567 and Queen consort of France from 10 July 1559 to 5 December 1560.
1599 Robert Rollock the first principal of the University of Edinburgh.
1611 Jan Huyghen van Linschoten a Dutch Protestant merchant, traveller and historian. An alternative spelling of his second name is Huijgen
1623 Thomas Cecil 1st Earl of Exeter an English politician and soldier.
1657 Laura Mancini a niece of Cardinal Mazarin. She was the eldest of the five famous Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes. She married Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, grandson of King Henry IV and was the mother of the great general the Duke of Vendôme
1679 Tsarevna Irina Mikhailovna of Russia the eldest daughter of Tsar Michael of Russia from his second marriage to Eudoxia Streshneva, a noblewoman from Mozhaysk. She was the elder sister of Alexis of Russia
1691 Carlo Rainaldi an Italian architect of the Baroque period.
1696 Ivan V of Russia a joint Tsar of Russia who co-reigned between 1682 and 1696. He was the youngest son of Alexis I of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya. His reign was only formal, since he had serious physical and mental disabilities. He sat still for hours at a time and needed assistance in order to walk
1709 Giuseppe Torelli an Italian violist, violinist, teacher, and composer.
1725 Peter the Great I or Pyotr Alexeyevich ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother. Through a number of successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political system with one that was modern, scientific, westernized, and based on The Enlightenment
1725 John Bellers an English educational theorist and Quaker, author of Proposals for Raising a College of Industry of All Useful Trades and Husbandry.
1742 Philipp Ludwig Wenzel von Sinzendorf an Austrian diplomat and Court Chancellor.
1747 Jan van Huysum a Dutch painter.
1750 Aaron Hill (writer) an English dramatist and miscellaneous writer.
1768 George Dance the Elder an English architect of the 18th century. He was the City of London surveyor and architect from 1735 until his death
1772 Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Princess of Wales between 1736 and 1751, and Dowager Princess of Wales thereafter. She was one of only three Princesses of Wales who never became queen consort. Princess Augusta's eldest son succeeded as George III of the United Kingdom in 1760, as her husband, Frederick, Prince of Wales, had died nine years earlier
1778 Lekain the stage name of Henri Louis Cain , a French actor.
1796 John Sibthorp an English botanist.
1797 Johann Friedrich Doles a German composer and pupil of J.S. Bach
1797 Princess Joséphine of Lorraine a princess of the House of Lorraine and by marriage the Princess of Carignan. She was the paternal grandmother of King Charles Albert of Sardinia, from whom the modern royal house of Italy descends
1807 Paul Henri Mallet a Swiss writer.
1807 Louis Binot Governor General of Pondicherry in 1802. Binot was "Colonel / Chief of Brigade" in 121st Regiment of infantry of line which is made under the French Revolution. On 22 November 1806, he was made as "General of Brigade". He was given the order of Legion of Honour on 25 December 1805. He was killed at the Battle of Eylau
1813 Tadeusz Czacki a Polish historian, pedagogue and numismatist. Czacki played an important part in the Enlightenment in Poland
1816 Giuseppe Doria Pamphili an Italian Cardinal who served as Cardinal Secretary of State.
1819 Sydenham Edwards a natural history illustrator.
1824 Rhijnvis Feith Jhr. Rhijnvis Feith was a Dutch poet
1827 Constantin Denis Bourbaki a Greek officer educated in France, and serving in the French military. He fought in the last phases of the Napoleonic Wars, and after 1825, joined the Greek War of Independence. He was killed in 1827 following his defeat at the Battle of Kamatero. He is the father of French General Charles Denis Bourbaki
1829 Cristóbal Mendoza a Venezuelan politician. Cristobal became the first official President of Venezuela by becoming the first head of the First Republic of Venezuela from 1811 to 1812
1834 Lewis David de Schweinitz a German-American botanist and mycologist. He is considered by some the "Father of North American Mycology", but also made significant contributions to botany
1835 Guillaume Dupuytren a French anatomist and military surgeon. Although he gained much esteem for treating Napoleon Bonaparte's hemorrhoids, he is best known today for Dupuytren's contracture which is named after him and which he described in 1831
1847 Theodor Valentin Volkmar a German politician and two-time mayor of Marburg, from 1833 until 1835 and again from December 1835 until his retirement due to ill health November 1846.
1849 François Habeneck a French violinist and conductor.
1849 France Prešeren a 19th-century Romantic Slovene poet, best known as the poet who has inspired virtually all later Slovene literature and has been generally acknowledged as the greatest Slovene classical author. He wrote some high quality epic poetry, for example the first Slovene ballad and the Slovene national epic. After death, he became the leading name of the Slovene literary canon
1856 Agostino Bassi an Italian entomologist. He preceded Louis Pasteur in the discovery that microorganisms can be the cause of disease. He discovered that the muscardine disease of silkworms was caused by a living, very small, parasitic organism, a fungus that would be named eventually Beauveria bassiana in his honor. In 1844, he stated the idea that not only animal , but also human diseases are caused by other living microorganisms; for example, measles, syphilis, and the plague
1863 Martin Martens a Belgian botanist and chemist born in Maastricht, Netherlands.
1871 Moritz von Schwind an Austrian painter, born in Vienna. Schwind's genius was lyrical—he drew inspiration from chivalry, folk-lore, and the songs of the people. Schwind died in Pöcking in Bavaria, and was buried in the Alter Südfriedhof in Munich