February 8 events in history

421 Constantius III becomes co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
1238 The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir
1250 Seventh Crusade: Crusaders engage Ayyubid forces in the Battle of Al Mansurah
1347 The Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347 ends with a power-sharing agreement between John VI Kantakouzenos and John V Palaiologos
1575 Universiteit Leiden is founded, and given the motto Praesidium Libertatis
1587 Mary, Queen of Scots, is executed on suspicion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to murder her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I
1601 Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, rebels against Queen Elizabeth I – the revolt is quickly crushed
1693 The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia is granted a charter by King William III and Queen Mary II
1726 The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia
1807 Battle of Eylau – Napoleon defeats Russians under General Bennigsen
1817 Las Heras crosses the Andes with an army to join San Martín and liberate Chile from Spain
1837 Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate
1855 The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon
1856 Barbu Dimitrie Ştirbei abolishes slavery in Wallachia
1865 In the United States, Delaware voters reject the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, and vote to continue the practice of slavery. (Delaware finally ratifies the amendment on February 12, 1901.)
1879 The England cricket team led by Lord Harris is attacked during a riot during a match in Sydney
1879 Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute
1885 The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii
1887 The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments
1904 Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War
1910 The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce
1915 D.W. Griffith's controversial film The Birth of a Nation premieres in Los Angeles
1922 President Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio in the White House
1924 Capital punishment: The first state execution in the United States by gas chamber takes place in Nevada
1942 World War II: Japan invades Singapore
1945 World War II: The United Kingdom and Canada commence Operation Veritable to occupy the west bank of the Rhine
1946 The first portion of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the Authorized King James Version, is published
1948 The formal creation of the Korean People's Army of North Korea is announced
1949 Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary is sentenced for treason
1950 The Stasi, the secret police of East Germany, is established
1952 Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom
1955 The Government of Sindh, Pakistan, abolishes the Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km2) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants
1960 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issues an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor"
1960 The first eight brass star plaques are installed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame
1962 Charonne massacre. Nine trade unionists are killed by French police at the instigation of Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon, then chief of the Paris Prefecture of Police
1963 The First full Color Television program in the World, publicly advertised, is broadcast in Mexico City by XHGC-TV, Channel 5, due to technical breakthrough advances made by Mexican Engineer Guillermo Gonzalez Camarena
1963 Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration
1963 The regime of Prime Minister of Iraq, Brigadier General Abdul-Karim Qassem is overthrown by the Ba'ath Party
1965 Eastern Air Lines Flight 663 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean and explodes, killing everyone aboard
1968 American civil rights movement: The Orangeburg massacre: An attack on black students from South Carolina State University who are protesting racial segregation at the town's only bowling alley, leaves three or four dead in Orangeburg, South Carolina
1969 Allende meteorite falls near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua, Mexico
1971 South Vietnamese ground troops launch an incursion into Laos to try to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail and stop communist infiltration
1971 The NASDAQ stock market index opens for the first time
1974 After 84 days in space, the crew of Skylab 4, the last crew to visit American space station Skylab, returns to Earth
1974 Military coup in Upper Volta
1978 Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time
1981 Twenty-one association football spectators are trampled to death at Karaiskakis Stadium in Neo Faliro, Greece, after a football match between Olympiacos F.C. and AEK Athens FC
1983 The Melbourne dust storm hits Australia's second largest city. The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, a 320 metres (1,050 ft) deep dust cloud envelops the city, turning day to night
1986 The Hinton train collision: 23 people are killed when a VIA Rail passenger train collides with a 118-car Canadian National freight train near the town of Hinton, Alberta, west of Edmonton. It is the worst rail accident in Canada until the Lac-Mégantic, Quebec derailment in 2013 which killed forty-seven people
1993 General Motors sues NBC after Dateline NBC allegedly rigs two crashes intended to demonstrate that some GM pickups can easily catch fire if hit in certain places. NBC settles the lawsuit the next day