Born on February 9

1274 Louis of Toulouse a cadet of the royal French house of Anjou who was made a Catholic bishop.
1313 Maria of Portugal Queen of Castile a Portuguese infanta , Queen consort of Castile upon her marriage to Alfonso XI in 1328, and mother of King Peter of Castile. She was the first daughter of King Afonso IV of Portugal and his first wife Beatrice of Castile. Her maternal grandparents were Sancho IV of Castile and María de Molina
1323 Margaret of Brabant Countess of Flanders a countess consort of Flanders. She was the second daughter of Duke John III of Brabant and Mary of Évreux. She was the only child of Duke John to have children. In 1347 she married Duke Louis II of Flanders and on 13 April 1350 she gave birth to her only surviving child, Margaret III, Countess of Flanders. Through this daughter, Brabant came under the influence of Burgundy, when she married Philip the Bold
1344 Meinhard III Count of Gorizia-Tyrol Duke of Upper Bavaria and the last Count of Tyrol from the House of Wittelsbach. Meinhard was the son of Duke Louis V of Bavaria with Countess Margaret, Countess of Tyrol and as such also the last descendant of Meinhard I, Count of Gorizia
1420 Dorothea of Brandenburg Duchess of Mecklenburg a princess of Brandenburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg.
1441 Ali-Shir Nava'i a Central Asian Turkic poet, writer, politician, linguist, mystic, and painter. He was the greatest representative of Chagatai language literature
1533 Shimazu Yoshihisa a daimyo of Satsuma Province and the eldest son of Shimazu Takahisa. His mother was a daughter of Iriki'in Shigesato , Sesshō. Shimazu Yoshihiro and Shimazu Toshihisa are his brothers
1579 Johannes Meursius a Dutch classical scholar and antiquary.
1645 Johann Aegidius Bach organist, violist, and municipal orchestra director of Erfurt, Germany. He was Johann Sebastian Bach's uncle, Johannes Bach's son, and the father of composer Johann Bernhard Bach. He was a viola player and performer in the Stadtmusikanten Kompagnie in Erfurt. He was organist at the Kaufmannskirche and the Michaeliskirche; on 30 June 1682 he was named the director of the Ratsmusik
1666 George Hamilton 1st Earl of Orkney a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. After commanding a regiment for the cause of William of Orange during the Williamite War in Ireland, he commanded a regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He then led the final assault at the Battle of Blenheim attacking the village churchyard with eight battalions of men and then receiving the surrender of its French defenders during the War of the Spanish Succession. He also led the charge of fifteen infantry battalions in an extremely bloody assault on the French entrenchments at the Battle of Malplaquet. In later life he became a Lord of the Bedchamber to George I and was installed as Governor of Edinburgh Castle
1683 Alexander von Dönhoff a Prussian lieutenant-general and confidant of King Friedrich Wilhelm I.
1685 Francesco Loredan a Venetian statesman of the Loredan family; he served as the 116th Doge of Venice from 18 March 1752 until his death. Loredan was a man of modest culture and limited international experience, and had been raised primarily for a life of commerce; in this he stood in stark contrast to his immediate predecessor, Pietro Grimani, who was a poet and diplomat. Loredan was succeeded as Doge by Marco Foscarini
1690 Maria Vittoria of Savoy a legitimated daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, first king of the House of Savoy. Married to the head of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy, she is an ancestor of the kings of Sardinia and of the Savoy kings of Italy
1699 Étienne Jeaurat a French painter, above all remembered for his lively street scenes.
1711 Luis Vicente de Velasco e Isla a Spanish sailor and commander in the Royal Spanish Navy. He is known for his valiant defense against the British expedition against Cuba in 1762, during which action he was killed
1731 Gasparo Angiolini an Italian dancer and choreographer, and composer. He was born in Florence and died in Milan
1737 Thomas Paine an English and American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. As the author of the two most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution, he inspired the rebels in 1776 to declare independence from Britain. His ideas reflected Enlightenment-era rhetoric of transnational human rights. He has been called "a corsetmaker by trade, a journalist by profession, and a propagandist by inclination"
1741 Henri-Joseph Rigel a German-born composer of the Classical era who spent most of his working life in France. He was born in Wertheim am Main where his father was musical intendant to the local prince. After an education in Germany, where his teachers included Niccolò Jommelli, Rigel moved to Paris in 1767. He quickly acquired a reputation in musical circles and published harpsichord pieces, string quartets, symphonies and concertos. He began composing for the Concert Spirituel, most notably four hiérodrames : La sortie d'Egypte , La destruction de Jericho , Jephté and Les Macchabées. These show the influence of Christoph Willibald Gluck, and Gluck himself praised La sortie d'Égypte. Between 1778 and 1799 Rigel also wrote 14 operas, including the opéra comique Le savetier et le financier
1748 Sir John Duckworth 1st Baronet an officer of the Royal Navy, serving during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as the Governor of Newfoundland during the War of 1812, and a member of the British House of Commons during his semi-retirement. Duckworth, a vicar's son, achieved much in a naval career that began at the age of 11
1751 Antoine Bullant a Czech musician and opera composer that worked first in France but primarily in Imperial Russia.
1753 Rhijnvis Feith Jhr. Rhijnvis Feith was a Dutch poet
1753 Václav Matěj Kramerius a Czech publisher, journalist and writer, one of the most important early figures of the Czech National Revival.
1756 Karel Blažej Kopřiva a Czech organist and composer from a family of musicians.
1763 Louis I Grand Duke of Baden Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden succeeded as Grand Duke on 8 December 1818. He was the uncle of his predecessor Karl Ludwig Friedrich, and his death marked the end of the Zähringen line of the House of Baden. He was succeeded by his half brother, Leopold
1769 George W. Campbell an American statesman who served as a U.S. Representative, Senator, Tennessee Supreme Court Justice, U.S. Ambassador to Russia and the 5th United States Secretary of the Treasury from February to October 1814
1769 Jean Boudet a French général de division of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The campaigns in which he was involved include the Saint-Domingue expedition. He was made a grand officer of the Légion d'honneur on 2 June 1809 and a knight of the Order of the Iron Crown, as well as a Comte de l'Empire in 1808. His name is engraved on the 16th column of the east side of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
1770 Ferdinando Carulli an Italian composer for classical guitar and the author of the influential Méthode complète pour guitare ou lyre, 27 , which contains music still used by student guitarists today. He wrote a variety of works for classical guitar, including numerous solo and chamber works and several concertos. He was an extremely prolific writer, composing over 400 works for the instrument
1772 Frans Michael Franzén a Swedish and Finnish poet.
1772 John Gore (Royal Navy admiral) a British naval commander of the 18th and 19th centuries. His father was Colonel John Gore
1773 William Henry Harrison the ninth President of the United States , an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office. He was 68 years, 23 days old when inaugurated, the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan in 1981. Harrison died on his 32nd day in office of complications from pneumonia, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis, but its resolution settled many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until the passage of the 25th Amendment in 1967. He was the grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, who was the 23rd President from 1889 to 1893
1774 Juan José Viamonte an Argentine general in the early 19th century.
1775 Farkas Bolyai a Hungarian mathematician, mainly known for his work in geometry.
1779 Mademoiselle Mars born in Paris, the natural daughter of the actor-author named Monvel and Jeanne-Marie Salvetat , an actress known as Madame Mars, whose southern accent had made her Paris debut a failure.
1783 Vasily Zhukovsky the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna and later to her son, the future Tsar-Liberator Alexander II
1789 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger a German inventor of a shorthand writing system, named Gabelsberger shorthand after him.
1791 Jean Cruveilhier a French anatomist and pathologist.
1792 Thomas Cooke (bishop) a Canadian Roman Catholic priest, missionary, and the first Bishop of Trois Rivières from 1852 to 1870.
1795 Heinrich Hübsch a German architect. After studies in Heidelberg and at Friedrich Weinbrenner's school of architecture in Karlsruhe he traveled extensively in Greece and Italy. In 1831 he was appointed Oberbaurat at Karlsruhe. He designed many churches and other public buildings, mainly in the Grand Duchy of Baden, and is also known for his writings
1800 Hyrum Smith an American religious leader in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, the original church of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was the older brother of the movement's founder, Joseph Smith
1802 Étienne Arago a French writer and politician, and co-founder of the newspaper Le Figaro.
1806 Teodolfo Mertel a lawyer and deacon and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the last cardinal not to have been ordained at least a priest
1812 Josef Jiří Kolár a Czech theatrical actor, director, translator, and writer.
1814 Samuel J. Tilden the 25th Governor of New York and the Democratic candidate for the U.S. Presidency in the disputed election of 1876, winning a popular vote majority, but ultimately being denied victory by the electoral college. A political reformer, he was a Bourbon Democrat who worked closely with the New York City business community and led the fight against the corruption of Tammany Hall
1815 Raffaele Cadorna an Italian general who served as one of the major Piedmontese leaders responsible for the unification of Italy during the mid-19th century.
1822 Francis Cadell (explorer) a European explorer of Australia, most remembered for opening the Murray River up for transport by steamship and for his activities as a slave trader.
1826 József Borovnyák a Slovene or Prekmurian writer, politician and Roman Catholic priest in Hungary.
1834 Felix Dahn a German nationalist and anti-semitic lawyer, author and historian.He was also known for writing nationalist poetry.
1838 Evelyn Wood (British Army officer) a British Army officer. After an early career in the Royal Navy, Wood joined the British Army. He served in several major conflicts including the Indian Mutiny where, as a lieutenant, he was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for valour in the face of the enemy that is awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, for rescuing a local merchant from a band of robbers who had taken their captive into the jungle, where they intended to hang him. Wood further served as a commander in several other conflicts, notably the Third Anglo-Ashanti War, the Anglo-Zulu War, the First Boer War and the Mahdist War. His service in Egypt led to his appointment as Sirdar where he reorganised the Egyptian Army. He returned to Britain to serve as General Offier Commanding-in-Chief Aldershot Command from 1889, as Quartermaster-General to the Forces from 1893 and as Adjutant General from 1897. His last appointment was as General Offier Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command from 1905
1839 Silas Adams a lawyer and politician from Kentucky.
1845 Ludwig Forrer a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.