Died on February 9

566 Sabinus of Canosa bishop of Canosa di Puglia from 514.
967 Sayf al-Dawla the founder of the Emirate of Aleppo, encompassing most of northern Syria and parts of western Jazira, and the brother of al-Hasan ibn Abdallah ibn Hamdan.
1011 Bernard I Duke of Saxony the Duke of Saxony , the second of the Billung dynasty, a son of Duke Herman and Oda. He extended his father's power considerably
1123 Otto Count of Ballenstedt the first Ascanian prince to call himself count of Anhalt, and was also briefly named duke of Saxony. He was the father of Albert the Bear, who later conquered Brandenburg from the Slavs and called himself its first margrave. Otto was the eldest son of Adalbert II, Count of Ballenstedt and Adelheid, daughter of Otto I, Margrave of Meissen. After the death of his father-in-law, Magnus, Duke of Saxony, in 1106, Otto inherited a significant part of Magnus' properties, and hoped to succeed him as duke. However, Lothar of Supplinburg was named duke in his stead. In 1112, after Lothar had been banned, Otto was appointed duke of Saxony by Emperor Henry V; but in the same year, he came into a dispute with the emperor and was stripped of his ducal title. He now allied himself with Lothar, and helped Lothar defeat Hoyer I, Count of Mansfeld, who had been named duke of Saxony by the Emperor, in 1115
1132 Maredudd ap Bleddyn a prince and later King of Powys in eastern Wales.
1185 Theodoric I Margrave of Lusatia the Margrave of Lusatia from 1156 until his death. He was the second surviving son of Conrad, Margrave of Meissen and Lusatia from the House of Wettin, from whom he inherited the latter territory including Eilenburg and Landsberg in 1156, while his elder brother Otto the Rich inherited Meissen
1199 Minamoto no Yoritomo the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan. He ruled from 1192 until 1199
1407 William I Margrave of Meissen Margrave of Meissen. His surname is related to the legend that Saint Benno appeared to him because of his disputes with the Church in a dream and he had an eye gouged out
1450 Agnès Sorel a favourite mistress of King Charles VII of France, by whom she bore three daughters. She is considered the first officially recognized royal mistress. She was the subject of several contemporary paintings and works of art, including Jean Fouquet's Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels
1518 Jean IV de Rieux a Breton noble and Marshal. He was the son of Jean III de Rieux and Béatrice de Rohan-Montauban
1555 Rowland Taylor an English Protestant martyr during the Marian Persecutions.
1555 John Hooper (bishop) an English churchman, Anglican Bishop of Gloucester and Worcester. A proponent of the English Reformation, he was martyred during the Marian Persecutions
1588 Álvaro de Bazán 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz a Spanish admiral.
1612 Vincenzo Gonzaga Duke of Mantua ruler of the Duchy of Mantua and the Duchy of Montferrat from 1587 to 1612.
1619 Lucilio Vanini an Italian philosopher, physician and free-thinker, who was one of the first significant representatives of intellectual libertinism. He was among the first modern thinkers who viewed the universe as an entity governed by natural laws. He was also the first literate proponent of the thesis that humans evolved from apes
1640 Murad IV the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the authority of the state and for the brutality of his methods. Murad IV was born in Constantinople, the son of Sultan Ahmed I and the ethnic Greek Valide Kösem Sultan. Brought to power by a palace conspiracy in 1623, he succeeded his uncle Mustafa He was only 11 when he took the throne
1670 Frederick III of Denmark king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. He also governed under the name Frederick II as diocesan administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Verden , and the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen
1675 Gerrit Dou a Dutch Golden Age painter, whose small, highly polished paintings are typical of the Leiden fijnschilders. He specialised in genre scenes and is noted for his trompe l'oeil "niche" paintings and candlelit night-scenes with strong chiaroscuro
1709 François Louis Prince of Conti Prince de Conti, succeeding his brother Louis Armand in 1685. Until this date he used the title of Prince of La Roche-sur-Yon. He was son of Armand de Bourbon and Anne Marie Martinozzi, herself a niece of Cardinal Mazarin. He is the most famous member of the Conti family, a cadet branch of the Princes of Condé. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang
1720 Georgios Kalafatis (professor) a Greek professor of theoretical and practical medicine who was largely active in Padua and Venice in the 17th-century Italian Renaissance.
1730 Johann Georg von Eckhart a German historian and linguist.
1740 Vincent Lübeck a German composer and organist. He was born in Padingbüttel and worked as organist and composer at Stade's Cosmae et Damiani and Hamburg's famous Nikolai , where he played one of the largest contemporary organs. He enjoyed a remarkably high reputation in his lifetime, and had numerous pupils, among which were two of his sons
1747 Carlo Bergonzi (luthier) considered the greatest pupil of Antonio Stradivari.
1752 Fredrik Hasselqvist a Swedish traveller and naturalist.
1753 Carl Hårleman a Swedish architect.
1767 Hubert Drouais a French painter, portraitist and miniaturist.
1777 Seth Pomeroy an American gunsmith and soldier from Northampton, Massachusetts. His military service included the French and Indian War and the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. He fought as a private soldier in the Battle of Bunker Hill, but was later appointed a major general in the Massachusetts militia
1782 Giuseppe Luigi Assemani a Lebanese orientalist and a Professor of Oriental languages at Rome.
1802 Thomas Graves 1st Baron Graves a British Admiral and colonial official.
1803 Jean François de Saint-Lambert a French poet, philosopher and military officer.
1807 Joseph-Benoît Suvée a Flemish painter strongly influenced by French neo-classicism.
1811 Nevil Maskelyne the fifth English Astronomer Royal. He held the office from 1765 to 1811
1812 Franz Anton Hoffmeister a German composer and music publisher.
1815 Claudius Buchanan a Scottish theologian, an ordained minister of the Church of England, and an extremely 'low church' missionary for the Church Missionary Society.
1815 Antoine-Jean-Marie Thévenard a French politician and vice admiral. He served in the French ruling regimes of Louis XVI, those of the Revolution, Napoleon I and Louis XVIII, and is buried at the Panthéon de Paris. His son Antoine-René Thévenard, capitaine de vaisseau, was killed at the Battle of Aboukir whilst commanding the 74-gun Aquilon
1817 Franz Tausch a German clarinetist, teacher and composer. He played in the Mannheim orchestra. One of his students was Heinrich Baermann
1824 Anne Catherine Emmerich a Roman Catholic Augustinian Canoness Regular of Windesheim, mystic, Marian visionary, ecstatic and stigmatist.
1841 Chrystian Piotr Aigner a Polish architect and theoretician of architecture.
1847 Peter Dillon a sandalwood trader, self-proclaimed explorer, raconteur, and discoverer of the fate of the La Pérouse expedition.
1855 Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro briefly Interim President of Peru twice in 1822 and 1833.
1857 Dionysios Solomos a Greek poet from Zakynthos. He is best known for writing the Hymn to Liberty , of which the first two stanzas, set to music by Nikolaos Mantzaros, became the Greek national anthem in 1865. He was the central figure of the Heptanese School of poetry, and is considered the national poet of Greece—not only because he wrote the national anthem, but also because he contributed to the preservation of earlier poetic tradition and highlighted its usefulness to modern literature. Other notable poems include Ὁ Κρητικός , Ἐλεύθεροι Πολιορκημένοι and others. A characteristic of his work is that no poem except the Hymn to Liberty was completed, and almost nothing was published during his lifetime
1861 Karl Otto Ludwig von Arnim a German travel writer.
1865 Levi Hill an American minister in upstate New York who claimed in 1851 that he had invented a color photographic process. Borrowing terms previously introduced in France, Hill called his process "heliochromy" and the photographs that it produced "heliochromes", but by analogy to the naming of the then-current daguerreotype process after its inventor Louis Daguerre, Hill's color photographs were soon being called "Hillotypes". Hill's work was met with skepticism during his lifetime, then for more than a hundred years after his death histories of photography routinely dismissed it as a complete fraud. Later researchers found that his very difficult process did in fact have a limited ability to reproduce the colors of nature
1867 Filippo de Filippi an Italian doctor, traveler and zoologist.
1873 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria a daughter of Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria and his wife, Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt , and a member of the House of Wittelsbach. She was married to Crown Prince William of Württemberg, whom she divorced, and to Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. From 1816–1835, she was Empress of Austria in her second marriage
1874 Jules Michelet a French historian. He was born in Paris to a family with Huguenot traditions
1874 Countess of Ségur a French writer of Russian birth. She is best known today for her novel Les Malheurs de Sophie , intended for children
1881 Fyodor Dostoyevsky a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human psychology in the context of the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmosphere of 19th-century Russia. He began writing in his 20s, and his first novel, Poor Folk, was published in 1846 when he was 25. His major works include Crime and Punishment , The Idiot , Demons and The Brothers Karamazov. His output consists of eleven novels, three novellas, seventeen short novels and numerous other works. Many literary critics rate him as one of the greatest and most prominent psychologists in world literature. His novella Notes From Underground is considered to be one of the first works of existentialist literature
1886 Winfield Scott Hancock a career U.S. Army officer and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880. He served with distinction in the Army for four decades, including service in the Mexican-American War and as a Union general in the American Civil War. Known to his Army colleagues as "Hancock the Superb", he was noted in particular for his personal leadership at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. One military historian wrote, "No other Union general at Gettysburg dominated men by the sheer force of their presence more completely than Hancock." As another wrote, "his tactical skill had won him the quick admiration of adversaries who had come to know him as the 'Thunderbolt of the Army of the Potomac'." His military service continued after the Civil War, as Hancock participated in the military Reconstruction of the South and the Army's presence at the Western frontier
1889 Peter Lalor an activist turned politician who rose to fame for his leading role in the Eureka Rebellion, an event controversially identified with the "birth of democracy" in Australasia. He is famous for being the only outlaw to make it to parliament