February 9 events in history

474 Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire
1555 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake
1621 Gregory XV becomes Pope, the last Pope elected by acclamation
1654 The Capture of Fort Rocher takes place during the Anglo-Spanish War
1775 American Revolutionary War: The British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion
1788 The Habsburg Empire joins the Russo-Turkish War in the Russian camp
1825 After no presidential candidate receives a majority of electoral votes in the election of 1824, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States
1849 New Roman Republic established
1861 American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of America by the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama
1870 President Ulysses S. Grant signs a joint resolution of Congress establishing the U.S. Weather Bureau
1889 President Grover Cleveland signs a bill elevating the United States Department of Agriculture to a Cabinet-level agency
1895 William G. Morgan creates a game called Mintonette, which soon comes to be referred to as volleyball
1900 The Davis Cup competition is established
1904 Russo-Japanese War: Battle of Port Arthur concludes
1913 A group of meteors is visible across much of the eastern seaboard of North and South America, leading astronomers to conclude the source had been a small, short-lived natural satellite of the Earth
1920 Under the terms of the Svalbard Treaty, international diplomacy recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Arctic archipelago Svalbard, and designates it as demilitarized
1922 Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
1934 The Balkan Entente is formed
1942 World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war
1942 Year-round Daylight saving time is re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources
1943 World War II: Allied authorities declare Guadalcanal secure after Imperial Japan evacuates its remaining forces from the island, ending the Battle of Guadalcanal
1945 World War II: The Battle of the Atlantic – HMS Venturer sinks U-864 off the coast of Fedje, Norway, in a rare instance of submarine-to-submarine combat
1945 World War II: A force of Allied aircraft unsuccessfully attacked a German destroyer in Førdefjorden, Norway
1950 Second Red Scare: Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States Department of State of being filled with Communists
1951 Korean War: Geochang massacre
1959 The R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile, becomes operational at Plesetsk, USSR
1964 The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a "record-busting" audience of 73 million viewers
1965 Vietnam War: The first United States troops with a combat mission, a Marine Corps Hawk air defense missile battalion, are sent to South Vietnam
1969 First test flight of the Boeing 747
1971 Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to be voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame
1971 The Sylmar earthquake hits the San Fernando Valley area of California
1971 Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned Moon landing
1973 Biju Patnaik of the Pragati Legislature Party is elected leader of the opposition in the state assembly in Odisha, India
1975 The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth
1986 Halley's Comet last appeared in the inner Solar System
1991 Voters in Lithuania vote for independence
1996 The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares the end to its 18-month ceasefire and explodes a large bomb in London's Canary Wharf
2001 The American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by the Uwajima Fishery High School