February 1838 in history

February 1838 events chronologically

Feb 17 Weenen massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus
Feb 28 Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Quebec)

Top 7 most famous people born in February 1838

Feb 2 Konstanty Kalinowski a 19th-century writer, journalist, lawyer and revolutionary. He was one of the leaders of Polish, Belarusian and Lithuanian national revival and the leader of the January Uprising in lands of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Feb 6 Henry Irving an English stage actor in the Victorian era, known as an actor-manager because he took complete responsibility for season after season at the Lyceum Theatre, establishing himself and his company as representative of English classical theatre. He was the first actor to be awarded a knighthood. Irving is thought to have been the inspiration for the title character in Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula
Feb 9 Evelyn Wood (British Army officer) a British Army officer. After an early career in the Royal Navy, Wood joined the British Army. He served in several major conflicts including the Indian Mutiny where, as a lieutenant, he was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for valour in the face of the enemy that is awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, for rescuing a local merchant from a band of robbers who had taken their captive into the jungle, where they intended to hang him. Wood further served as a commander in several other conflicts, notably the Third Anglo-Ashanti War, the Anglo-Zulu War, the First Boer War and the Mahdist War. His service in Egypt led to his appointment as Sirdar where he reorganised the Egyptian Army. He returned to Britain to serve as General Offier Commanding-in-Chief Aldershot Command from 1889, as Quartermaster-General to the Forces from 1893 and as Adjutant General from 1897. His last appointment was as General Offier Commanding-in-Chief Southern Command from 1905
Feb 16 Henry Adams an American historian and member of the Adams political family, being descended from two U.S. Presidents
Feb 17 Friedrich Konrad Beilstein a chemist and founder of the famous Handbuch der organischen Chemie. The first edition of this work, published in 1881, covered 1,500 compounds in 2,200 pages. This handbook is now known as the Beilstein database
Feb 18 Ernst Mach an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as the Mach number and the study of shock waves. As a philosopher of science, he was a major influence on logical positivism, American pragmatism and through his criticism of Newton, a forerunner of Einstein's relativity
Feb 26 Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu a Romanian writer and philologist, who pioneered many branches of Romanian philology and history. Hasdeu is considered to have been able to understand 26 languages

Died in February 1838

Feb 1 José Gregorio Salazar a general and a Liberal politician in Central America. He was acting president of the Federal Republic of Central America from September 16, 1834 to February 14, 1835, in between two administrations of Francisco Morazán. In 1838 he was assassinated by a mob supporting rebel General Rafael Carrera
Feb 6 Piet Retief a South African Boer leader. Settling in 1814 in the frontier region of the Cape Colony, he assumed command of punitive expeditions in response to raiding parties from the adjacent Xhosa territory. He became a spokesperson for the frontier farmers who voiced their discontent, and wrote the Voortrekkers' declaration at their departure from the colony
Feb 21 Antoine Isaac Silvestre de Sacy a French linguist and orientalist. His son, Ustazade Silvestre de Sacy, became a journalist
Feb 24 Christoph Johann von Medem nobleman from Courland and courtier in the courts of Prussian kings Frederick the Great, Frederick William II and Emperor of Russia Paul His sisters were poet Elisa von der Recke and last Duchess of Courland, Dorothea von Medem.
Feb 28 Charles Thévenin a neoclassical French painter, known for heroic scenes from the time of the French Revolution and First French Empire.