February 1856 in history

February 1856 events chronologically

Feb 7 The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the second piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot
Feb 8 Barbu Dimitrie Ştirbei abolishes slavery in Wallachia
Feb 11 The Kingdom of Awadh is annexed by the British East India Company and Wajid Ali Shah, the king of Awadh, is imprisoned and later exiled to Calcutta
Feb 22 The Republican Party opens its first national meeting in Pittsburgh
Feb 25 A Peace conference opens in Paris after the Crimean War

Top 7 most famous people born in February 1856

Feb 9 Hara Takashi a Japanese politician and the 19th Prime Minister of Japan from 29 September 1918 until his assassination on 4 November 1921. He was also called Hara Kei informally. He was the first commoner appointed to the office of prime minister of Japan, giving him the informal title of "commoner prime minister". He was also the first Japanese Christian Prime Minister
Feb 12 Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli an Austrian general during World War I who rose to the rank of field marshal in the Austro-Hungarian Army. On October 30, 1940 he was promoted into a German general-fieldmarshal
Feb 14 Frank Harris an editor, journalist and publisher, who was friendly with many well-known figures of his day. Born in Ireland, he emigrated to America early in life, working in a variety of unskilled jobs before attending the University of Kansas to read law. He eventually became a citizen there. After graduation he quickly tired of his legal career and returned to Europe in 1882. He travelled on continental Europe before settling in London to pursue a career in journalism. Though he attracted much attention during his life for his irascible, aggressive personality, editorship of famous periodicals, and friendship with the talented and famous, he is remembered mainly for his multiple-volume memoir My Life and Loves, which was banned in countries around the world for its sexual explicitness
Feb 15 Emil Kraepelin a German psychiatrist. H.J. Eysenck's Encyclopedia of Psychology identifies him as the founder of modern scientific psychiatry, as well as of psychopharmacology and psychiatric genetics. Kraepelin believed the chief origin of psychiatric disease to be biological and genetic malfunction. His theories dominated psychiatry at the start of the twentieth century and, despite the later psychodynamic influence of Sigmund Freud and his disciples, enjoyed a revival at century's end
Feb 17 J.-H. Rosny aîné Rosny aîné was the pseudonym of Joseph Henri Honoré Boex , a French author of Belgian origin who is considered one of the founding figures of modern science fiction. Born in Brussels in 1856, he wrote in the French language, together with his younger brother Séraphin Justin François Boex under the pen name J.-H. Rosny until 1909. After they ended their collaboration Joseph Boex continued to write under the name "Rosny aîné" while his brother used J.-H. Rosny jeune
Feb 21 Hendrik Petrus Berlage a prominent Dutch architect.
Feb 27 Mattia Battistini an Italian operatic baritone. He became internationally famous due to the beauty of his voice and the virtuosity of his singing technique, and he earned the sobriquet "King of Baritones"

Top 7 most famous people died in February 1856

Feb 1 Ivan Paskevich an imperial Russian military leader. For his victories, he was made Count of Erivan in 1828 and Namestnik of the Kingdom of Poland in 1831. He attained the rank of field marshal in the Russian army, and later in the Prussian and Austrian armies
Feb 17 Heinrich Heine a German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic. He is best known outside Germany for his early lyric poetry, which was set to music in the form of Lieder by composers such as Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert. Heine's later verse and prose are distinguished by their satirical wit and irony. His radical political views led to many of his works being banned by German authorities. Heine spent the last 25 years of his life as an expatriate in Paris
Feb 17 John Braham a tenor opera singer born in London, England. His long career led him to become one of Europe's leading opera stars. He also wrote a number of songs, of minor importance, although The Death of Nelson is still remembered. His success, and that of his offspring in marrying into the British aristocracy, are also notable examples of Jewish social mobility in the early 19th century
Feb 24 Nikolai Lobachevsky a Russian mathematician and geometer, known primarily for his work on hyperbolic geometry, otherwise known as Lobachevskian geometry.
Feb 25 George Don a Scottish botanist.
Feb 26 Phillip Parker King an early explorer of the Australian and Patagonian coasts.
Feb 29 Auguste Chapdelaine a French Christian missionary of the Paris Foreign Missions Society.