February 1885 in history

February 1885 events chronologically

Feb 5 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession
Feb 8 The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii
Feb 18 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published in the United States
Feb 21 The newly completed Washington Monument is dedicated
Feb 23 Sino-French War: French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam
Feb 28 The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone. (American Bell would later merge with its subsidiary.)

Top 7 most famous people born in February 1885

Feb 1 Friedrich Kellner a mid-level official in Germany who worked as a justice inspector in Mainz and Laubach. During the First World War, Kellner was an infantryman in a Hessian regiment. After the war he became a political organizer for the Social Democratic Party of Germany, which was the leading political party during the time of the turbulent and short-lived Weimar Republic, Germany’s first period of democracy. Kellner campaigned against Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. During World War II, working as a civil servant at a small court house, he wrote a diary to record his observations of the Nazi regime. Based on conversations and attentive reading of newspapers, he described the various crimes of that regime. He titled his work Mein Widerstand, meaning "My Opposition". After the war Kellner served on denazification boards, and he also helped to reestablish the Social Democratic Party. He gave his diary to his American grandson in 1968 to translate into English and to bring it to the attention of the public. In the epilogue, the author's grandson Robert Scott Kellner tells how the diary came to be published in German:- German publishers were not interested until in 2005 it was reported in Der Spiegel that former US President George W. Bush had looked at Kellner's original notebooks in the George Bush Presidential Library at Texas A&M University. He explained his purpose for writing the diary:
Feb 2 Mikhail Frunze a Bolshevik leader during and just prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917. He was a major Red Army commander in the Russian Civil War and is best known for defeating Baron Wrangel in Crimea
Feb 7 Sinclair Lewis an American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. In 1930, he became the first writer from the United States to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, which was awarded "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters." His works are known for their insightful and critical views of American capitalism and materialism between the wars. He is also respected for his strong characterizations of modern working women. H.L. Mencken wrote of him, " there was ever a novelist among us with an authentic call to the trade... it is this red-haired tornado from the Minnesota wilds."
Feb 9 Alban Berg an Austrian composer. He was a member of the Second Viennese School with Arnold Schoenberg and Anton Webern, and produced compositions that combined Mahlerian Romanticism with a personal adaptation of Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique
Feb 12 Julius Streicher a prominent Nazi prior to World War He was the founder and publisher of Der Stürmer newspaper, which became a central element of the Nazi propaganda machine. His publishing firm also released three anti-Semitic books for children, including the 1938 Der Giftpilz , one of the most widespread pieces of propaganda, which purported to warn about insidious dangers Jews posed by using the metaphor of an attractive yet deadly mushroom. After the war, he was convicted of crimes against humanity and executed
Feb 24 Chester W. Nimitz a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II as Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet , for U.S. naval forces and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas , for U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II
Feb 25 Princess Alice of Battenberg the mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II.

Top 7 most famous people died in February 1885

Feb 1 Henri Dupuy de Lôme a French naval architect. He was the son of a naval officer and was born in Ploemeur near Lorient, Brittany, in western France. He was educated at the École Polytechnique and ENSTA. He was particularly active during the 1840–1870 period
Feb 3 Gregor von Helmersen a Baltic German geologist.
Feb 7 Iwasaki Yatarō a Japanese financier and shipping industrialist, and the founder of Mitsubishi.
Feb 8 Nikolai Severtzov a Russian explorer and naturalist.
Feb 12 Alexandre Mouton a United States Senator and the 11th Governor of Louisiana.
Feb 14 Jules Vallès a French journalist and author.
Feb 15 Leopold Damrosch a German American orchestral conductor and composer.