Died in February

February 21, 4 Gaius Caesar the oldest son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. He was born between 14 August and 13 September 20 BC or according to other sources in 23 September 20 Originally named Gaius Vipsanius Agrippa, when he was adopted by his maternal grandfather the Roman emperor, Augustus, of the Julian gens, his name was accordingly changed to Gaius Julius Caesar
February 7, 130 Pacuvius the greatest of the tragic poets of ancient Rome prior to Lucius Accius.
February 19, 197 Clodius Albinus a Roman usurper proclaimed emperor by the legions in Britain and Hispania after the murder of Pertinax in 193 , and who proclaimed himself emperor again in 196, before his final defeat the following year.
February 4, 211 Septimius Severus Roman emperor from 193 to 211. Severus was born in Leptis Magna in the Roman province of Africa. As a young man he advanced through the cursus honorum—the customary succession of offices—under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors
February 11, 244 Gordian III Roman Emperor from 238 AD to 244 At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. Antonia Gordiana was the daughter of Emperor Gordian I and younger sister of Emperor Gordian Very little is known on his early life before his acclamation. Gordian had assumed the name of his maternal grandfather in 238 AD
February 17, 306 Theodore of Amasea one of the two saints called Theodore, who are venerated as Warrior Saints and Great Martyrs in the Eastern Orthodox Church. He is also known as Theodore Tyron. The other saint of the same name is Theodore Stratelates, also known as Theodore of Heraclea, but this second St Theodore may never have had a separate existence. When the epithet is omitted, the reference is usually to St Theodore of Amasea
February 17, 364 Jovian (emperor) Roman Emperor from 363 to 364. Upon the death of emperor Julian the Apostate during his campaign against the Sassanid Empire, Jovian was hastily declared emperor by his soldiers. He sought peace with the Persians on humiliating terms and reestablished Christianity as the state church. His reign only lasted eight months
February 23, 375 Saint Gorgonia the daughter of Saint Gregory the Elder and Saint Nonna. She is remembered in both Western and Eastern Churches for her piety as a married woman
February 26, 420 Porphyry of Gaza Saint Porphyry , Bishop of Gaza 395–420, known from the account in his Life for Christianizing the recalcitrant pagan city of Gaza, and demolishing its temples.
February 17, 440 Mesrop Mashtots an Armenian theologian, linguist and hymnologist. He is best known for having invented the Armenian alphabet 405 AD, which was a fundamental step in strengthening the Armenian statehood and the bond between the Armenian Kingdom and Armenians living in the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire. He was also, according to a number of scholars and contemporaneous Armenian sources, the creator of the Caucasian Albanian and Georgian alphabets
February 28, 468 Pope Hilarius Pope from 19 November 461 to his death in 468. He was canonized as a saint after his death
February 5, 517 Avitus of Vienne a Latin poet and archbishop of Vienne in Gaul.
February 8, 538 Severus of Antioch considered one of the founders of the Syriac Orthodox Church. Severus is also considered a Church father and a saint in Oriental Orthodoxy
February 10, 543 Scholastica a saint of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches. Born in Italy, according to a ninth century tradition, she was the twin sister of Benedict of Nursia. Her feast day is 10 February
February 9, 566 Sabinus of Canosa bishop of Canosa di Puglia from 514.
February 23, 572 Chihor-Vishnasp a Iranian military officer from the Suren family, who served as the governor of Persian Armenia from 564 until his murder in 23 February 572 by the Armenian rebel Vardan III Mamikonian.
February 3, 583 Kan B'alam I a ruler of the Maya city of Palenque.
February 7, 590 Pope Pelagius II Pope from 26 November 579 to his death in 590.
February 22, 606 Pope Sabinian Pope from 13 September 604 to his death in 606. Pope during the Byzantine Papacy, he was fourth former apocrisiarius to Constantinople elected pope
February 24, 616 Æthelberht of Kent King of Kent from about 558 or 560 until his death. The eighth-century monk Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, lists Aethelberht as the third king to hold imperium over other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. In the late ninth century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Æthelberht is referred to as a bretwalda, or "Britain-ruler". He was the first English king to convert to Christianity
February 2, 619 Laurence of Canterbury the second Archbishop of Canterbury from about 604 to 619. He was a member of the Gregorian mission sent from Italy to England to Christianize the Anglo-Saxons from their native Anglo-Saxon paganism, although the date of his arrival is disputed. He was consecrated archbishop by his predecessor, Augustine of Canterbury, during Augustine's lifetime, to ensure continuity in the office. While archbishop, he attempted unsuccessfully to resolve differences with the native British bishops by corresponding with them about points of dispute. Laurence faced a crisis following the death of King Æthelberht of Kent, when the king's successor abandoned Christianity; he eventually reconverted. Laurence was revered as a saint after his death in 619
February 28, 628 Khosrau II the last great king of the Sasanian Empire, reigning from 590 to 628. He was the son of Hormizd IV and the grandson of Khosrau He was the last king of Persia to have a lengthy reign before the Muslim conquest of Iran, which began five years after his death by assassination. He lost his throne, then recovered it with Roman help, and, a decade later, went on to emulate the feats of the Achaemenids, conquering the rich Roman provinces of the Middle East; much of his reign was spent in wars with the Byzantine Empire and struggling against usurpers such as Bahram Chobin and Vistahm
February 27, 640 Pepin of Landen the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia under the Merovingian king Dagobert I from 623 to 629. He was also the mayor for Sigebert III from 639 until his own death
February 11, 641 Heraclius Byzantine Emperor from 610 to 641.
February 17, 661 Finan of Lindisfarne an Irish monk, trained at Iona in Scotland, who became the second Bishop of Lindisfarne from 651 until 661.
February 15, 670 Oswiu of Northumbria a King of Bernicia. His father, Æthelfrith of Bernicia, was killed in battle, fighting against Rædwald, King of the East Angles and Edwin of Deira at the River Idle in 616. Along with his brothers and their supporters, Oswiu was then exiled until Edwin's death in 633
February 3, 700 Werburgh an Anglo-Saxon princess who became an English saint and the patron saint of Chester. Her feast day is February 3
February 20, 702 K'inich Kan B'alam II king of the pre-Columbian Maya polity of Baakal in the Classic period of Mesoamerican chronology, based around the ceremonial center and city now known as the Maya archaeological site of Palenque. Kan B'alam took the throne on January 10, 684, several months after the death of his father and predecessor, Pacal the Great. He continued the ambitious project of adorning Palenque with fine art and architecture begun by his father; his most important addition to the city of Palenque was the Temple of the Cross which is the center piece of the Temple of the Cross Complex. He was succeeded by his younger brother, K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II
February 15, 706 Tiberios III Byzantine emperor from 698 to 21 August 705. Although his rule was considered generally successful, especially in containing the Arab threat to the east, he was overthrown by the former emperor Justinian II and subsequently executed
February 15, 706 Leontios Byzantine emperor from 695 to 698. He came to power by overthrowing the Emperor Justinian II, but was overthrown in his turn by Tiberios III. His actual and official name was Leo , but he is known by the name used for him in Byzantine chronicles
February 4, 708 Pope Sisinnius Pope from 15 January to his death in 708.
February 23, 715 Al-Walid I an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705 until his death in 715. His reign saw the greatest expansion of the Caliphate, as successful campaigns were undertaken in Transoxiana, Sind, Hispania and against the Byzantines
February 13, 721 Chilperic II king of Neustria from 715 and sole king of the Franks from 718 until his death.
February 11, 731 Pope Gregory II Pope from 19 May 715 to his death in 731. His defiance of the Byzantine emperor Leo III the Isaurian as a result of the iconoclastic controversy in the Eastern Empire prepared the way for a long series of revolts, schisms and civil wars that eventually led to the establishment of the temporal power of the popes
February 6, 743 Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik 10th Umayyad caliph who ruled from 724 until his death in 743. When he was born in 691 his mother named him after her father
February 1, 772 Pope Stephen III the Pope from 7 August 768 to his death in 772.
February 25, 777 Saint Walpurga an English missionary to the Frankish Empire. She was canonized on 1 May 870 by Pope Adrian Walpurgis Night is the name for the eve of her day, which coincides with May Day
February 20, 789 Saint Leo of Catania the fifteenth bishop of Catania, famed also for his love and care toward the poor. His feast day occurs on February 20, the day of his death in which he is venerated as a Saint both by Roman Catholics and by the Orthodox Church. He lived in the lapse of time between the reigns of the Emperors Justinian II and Constantine He struggled especially against the paganism and sorcery still prevalent in the Byzantine Sicily
February 6, 797 Donnchad Midi High King of Ireland. His father, Domnall Midi, had been the first Uí Néill High King from the south-central Clann Cholmáin based in modern County Westmeath and western County Meath, Ireland. The reigns of Domnall and his successor, Niall Frossach of the Cenél nEógain, had been relatively peaceful, but Donnchad's rule saw a return to a more expansionist policy directed against Leinster, traditional target of the Uí Néill, and also, for the first time, the great southern kingdom of Munster
February 25, 805 Emperor Dezong of Tang an emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty and the oldest son of his father Emperor Daizong. His reign of 26 years was the third longest in the Tang dynasty. Emperor Dezong started out as a diligent and frugal emperor and he tried to reform the governmental finances by introducing new tax laws. His attempts to destroy the powerful regional warlords and the subsequent mismanagement of those campaigns, however, resulted in a number of rebellions that nearly destroyed him and the Tang Dynasty. After those events, he dealt cautiously with the regional governors, causing warlordism to become unchecked, and his trust of eunuchs caused the eunuchs' power to rise greatly. He was also known for his paranoia about officials' wielding too much power, and late in his reign, he did not grant much authority to his chancellors
February 5, 806 Emperor Kanmu the 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Kanmu reigned from 781 to 806
February 25, 806 Patriarch Tarasios of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 25 December 784 until his death on 25 February 806.
February 18, 814 Angilbert a Frank who served Charlemagne as a diplomat, abbot, poet and semi-son-in-law. He was of noble Frankish parentage, and educated at the palace school in Aquae Grani under Alcuin. He is venerated as a saint, on the day of his death—18 February
February 25, 814 Sufyan ibn `Uyaynah a prominent eighth-century Islamic religious scholar from Mecca. He was from the third generation of Islam referred to as the Tābi`u al-Tābiʻīn, "the followers of the followers". He specialized in the field of hadith and Qur'an exegesis and was described by al-Dhahabī as shaykh al-Islam—a preeminent Islamic authority. Some of his students achieved much renown in their own right, establishing schools of thought that have survived until the present
February 12, 821 Benedict of Aniane a Benedictine monk and monastic reformer, who left a large imprint on the religious practice of the Carolingian Empire. His feast day is February 12
February 11, 824 Pope Paschal I Pope from 25 January 817 to his death in 824. His mother was the renowned religious, the Lady Theodora
February 1, 850 Ramiro I of Asturias King of Asturias from 842 until his death. He was son of King Bermudo I, and became king after a struggle for succession that followed the death of Alfonso II without issue. He was a contemporary of Abd ar-Rahman II, Umayyad Emir of Córdoba. During his turbulent reign, the chronicles relate that he had to fend off attacks from both Vikings and Moors. Numerous important structures, such as his recreational palace Santa María del Naranco, were built during his reign in the estilo ramirense that prefigured Romanesque architecture
February 4, 856 Rabanus Maurus a Frankish Benedictine monk, the archbishop of Mainz in Germany and a theologian. He was the author of the encyclopaedia De rerum naturis. He also wrote treatises on education and grammar and commentaries on the Bible. He was one of the most prominent teachers and writers of the Carolingian age, and was called "Praeceptor Germaniae," or "the teacher of Germany." On the Roman calendar , he is celebrated on 4 February and listed as 'sanctus,' though the online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia of nearly a century earlier lists him as 'beatus.'
February 13, 858 Kenneth MacAlpin king of the Picts and, according to national myth, first king of Scots, earning him the posthumous nickname of An Ferbasach, "The Conqueror". Kenneth's undisputed legacy was to produce a dynasty of rulers who claimed descent from him and was the founder of the dynasty which ruled Scotland for much of the medieval period. Kenneth also indirectly created the current day British monarchy; the current representation being Queen Elizabeth II
February 3, 865 Ansgar an Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen. The see of Hamburg was designated a mission to bring Christianity to Northern Europe, and Ansgar became known as the "Apostle of the North"