Died on January 10

300 Pope Theonas of Alexandria 16th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark.
314 Pope Miltiades Bishop of Rome from 2 July 311 to his death in 314.
681 Pope Agatho Pope from 26 June 678 to his death in 681. He is venerated as a saint by both Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. Little is known of Agatho before his papacy
976 John I Tzimiskes the senior Byzantine Emperor from December 11, 969 to January 10, 976. An intuitive and successful general, he strengthened the Empire and expanded its borders during his short reign
1030 Thietmar Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark the Count of the Schwabengau and Nordthüringgau from 1010 and the Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark from 1015 until his death. He was the son and successor of Margrave Gero His mother was Adelaide
1055 Bretislaus I Duke of Bohemia Duke of Bohemia from 1035 until his death.
1094 Al-Mustansir Billah born in Cairo on 16th Jumada II, 420 AH and at the age of only eight months was declared to succeed his father. His name was Ma'd Abu Tamim, surnamed al-Mustansir bil-Lah "The Asker Of Victory From God". He ascended to the Fatimid Caliphate throne on 15th Shaban, 427/June 13, 1036 at the age of 6. During the early years of his Caliphate, the state affairs were administered by his mother. His period of Caliphate lasted for 60 years, the longest of all the caliphs, either in Egypt or elsewhere in Islamic states
1152 Theobald II Count of Champagne Count of Blois and of Chartres as Theobald IV from 1102 and was Count of Champagne and of Brie as Theobald II from 1125.
1218 Hugh I of Cyprus succeeded to the throne of Cyprus on April 1, 1205 underage upon the death of his elderly father Aimery of Lusignan, King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. His mother was Eschiva of Ibelin, heiress of that branch of Ibelins who had held Bethsan and Ramleh
1276 Pope Gregory X Pope from 1 September 1271 to his death in 1276. He was elected at the conclusion of a papal election that ran from 1268 to 1271—the longest papal election in the history of the Catholic Church
1322 Petrus Aureolus a scholastic philosopher and theologian. We know little of his life before 1312. After this time, he taught at the Franciscan convent in Bologna, then at the convent in Toulouse, around 1314. He went to Paris in 1316 in order to qualify for his doctorate, where he read the Sentences. In 1318 he was appointed master of theology at the University of Paris. In 1321, he was appointed by his mentor, Pope John XXII, to the position of Archbishop of Aix-en-Provence, but died not long after in 1322
1418 William II Marquis of Namur inherited the Marquisate of Namur from his father William I in 1391 and held it until his own death.
1552 Johann Cochlaeus a German humanist and controversialist.
1604 Juliana of Lazarevo a saint of the Orthodox Church. She was born in Moscow, to Justin and Stefanida Nedyurev, and married Giorgi Osorgin, owner of the village of Lazarevo, near Murom. She lived a righteous life, consecrating herself to helping poor and needy people
1645 William Laud an English churchman and academic, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1633, during the personal rule of Charles Arrested in 1640, he was executed in 1645.
1654 Nicholas Culpeper an English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer. His published books include The English Physician and the Complete Herbal , which contain a rich store of pharmaceutical and herbal knowledge, and Astrological Judgement of Diseases from the Decumbiture of the Sick , which is one of the most detailed documents we have on the practice of medical astrology in Early Modern Europe
1662 Honoré II Prince of Monaco Sovereign Prince of Monaco. He was the first to be called Prince, but started his reign as Lord of Monaco
1684 Krzysztof Zygmunt Pac the Chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
1692 Job Charnock a servant and administrator of the English East India Company and was celebrated as the founder of the city of Calcutta now Kolkata. In 2003 the Kolkata High Court announced that although Charnock was a major contributor to its development, that villages existed on the site of Calcutta well before Charnock's time
1698 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont a French ecclesiastical historian.
1754 Edward Cave an English printer, editor and publisher. In The Gentleman's Magazine he created the first general-interest "magazine" in the modern sense
1761 Edward Boscawen an Admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament for the borough of Truro, Cornwall. He is known principally for his various naval commands throughout the 18th century and the engagements that he won, including the Siege of Louisburg in 1758 and Battle of Lagos in 1759. He is also remembered as the officer who signed the warrant authorising the execution of Admiral John Byng after Byng's court martial in 1757 after the failure of Byng to engage the enemy at the Battle of Minorca
1777 Spranger Barry an Irish actor.
1778 Carl Linnaeus a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology. Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus
1780 Francesco Antonio Vallotti an Italian composer, music theorist, and organist.
1792 Józef Sapieha a Polish nobleman, Great Krajczy of Lithuania, Regimentarz of the Bar Confederation of Lithuania, Marshal of the powiat Wołkowysk during the Bar Confederation.
1794 Georg Forster a naturalist, ethnologist, travel writer, journalist, and revolutionary. At an early age, he accompanied his father on several scientific expeditions, including James Cook's second voyage to the Pacific. His report from that journey, A Voyage Round the World, contributed significantly to the ethnology of the people of Polynesia and remains a respected work. As a result of the report Forster was admitted to the Royal Society at the early age of twenty-two and came to be considered one of the founders of modern scientific travel literature
1811 Sir William Green 1st Baronet an officer in the British Army. After receiving a private education in Aberdeen, Scotland and a military education at the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich, England, he was appointed as a practitioner engineer in 1743. Green served on the European continent until 1752, after which he was in Canada. There, he continued to advance through both the ordinary military and engineering ranks. Following his return to England, Green was named senior engineer for Gibraltar about 1761, and the next year promoted to lieutenant colonel. He was promoted to chief engineer for Gibraltar in 1770, and designed and executed a number of military works on the Rock. In 1772, his idea of a regiment of military artificers, to replace the civilian mechanics who had formerly constructed military works, came to fruition in the form of the Soldier Artificer Company, the predecessor of the Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners. Their works included the King's Bastion, which Green designed. Promoted to colonel in 1777, he served as chief engineer throughout the Great Siege of Gibraltar. During the siege, he was promoted to brigadier general, then major general. He returned to England in 1783; three years later a baronetcy was created for him. He was appointed chief engineer of Great Britain in 1786. His promotions included that to lieutenant general in 1793 and full general in 1798. Following his retirement in 1802, he settled in Plumstead, Kent
1811 Joseph Chénier a French poet, dramatist and politician of Greek origin.
1815 Belsazar Hacquet an Austrian physician of French descent in the Enlightenment Era. He was a war surgeon, a physician in the mining town of Idrija, and a professor of anatomy and surgery in Laibach. He researched the geology and botany of Carniola, Istria, and nearby places, and was the first explorer of the Julian Alps. He also did ethnographical work among the South Slavic peoples, particularly among the Slovene-speaking population. He self-identified primarily as a chemist and introduced the methods of chemical analysis to Carniola
1822 Jean Baron de Batz a French royalist and businessman. He was born in Goutz-les-Tartas , and died in Chadieu, near Vic-le-Comte
1824 Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia.
1828 François de Neufchâteau a French statesman, poet, and scientist.
1829 Gregorio Funes an Argentine clergyman, educator, historian, journalist and lawmaker who played a significant role in his nation's early, post-independence history.
1833 Joshua Brookes a British anatomist and naturalist.
1833 Adrien-Marie Legendre a French mathematician. Legendre made numerous contributions to mathematics. Well-known and important concepts such as the Legendre polynomials and Legendre transformation are named after him
1839 Christopher Lieven a Livonian nobleman, Russian general, ambassador to London in 1812-1834, and educator of tsesarevich Alexander Nikolaievitch.
1840 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom the seventh child and third daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. After marrying the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick VI, she took permanent residence in Germany as landgravine
1842 Aylmer Bourke Lambert a British botanist, one of the first fellows of the Linnean Society.
1844 Hudson Lowe best known for his time as Governor of St Helena where he was the "gaoler" of Napoleon Bonaparte.
1845 Diego Vigil Cocaña a Central American politician. He was the last president of the Federal Republic of Central America , during its disintegration. He was also chief of state of the federal states of Honduras and El Salvador
1851 Karl Freiherr von Müffling a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall.
1852 Amir Kabir Taghi Khan Farahani known as Amir Kabir , also known by the titles of Atabak and Amir-e Nezam; chief minister to Naser al-Din Shah Qajar for the first three years of his reign and one of the most capable and innovative figures to appear in the whole Qajar period. Amir Kabir served as Prime Minister of Persia under Naser al-Din Shah. Born in Hazaveh and put to death in 1852, he is a controversial historical figure. He is considered by some to be "widely respected by liberal nationalist Iranians" as "Iran's first reformer", a modernizer who was "unjustly struck down" attempted to bring "gradual reform" to Iran. As prime-minister he also ordered the killing of many Babis, and ordering the execution of the founder of the movement, the Báb
1854 Pavel Medem a Russian diplomat and privy councillor.
1855 Mary Russell Mitford an English author and dramatist. She was born at Alresford, Hampshire. Her place in English literature is as the author of Our Village. This series of sketches of village scenes and vividly drawn characters was based upon life in Three Mile Cross, a hamlet in the parish of Shinfield, near Reading in Berkshire, where she lived
1860 Ezequiel Zamora a Venezuelan soldier and leader of the Federalists in the Federal War of 1859-1863. His life was marked by the romanticism that characterized liberals of the time
1862 Samuel Colt an American inventor and industrialist from Hartford, Connecticut. He founded Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company , and made the mass production of the revolver commercially viable
1863 Lyman Beecher a Presbyterian minister, American Temperance Society co-founder and leader, and the father of 13 children, many of whom became noted figures, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, Catharine Beecher and Thomas Beecher. He is credited as a leader of the Second Great Awakening of the United States
1866 Pyotr Pletnyov a minor Russian poet and literary critic, who rose to become the dean of the Saint Petersburg University and academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
1868 Karol Szajnocha a Polish writer, historian, and independence activist. Self-taught, he would nonetheless become a notable Polish historian of the partitions period