January 10 events in history

9 The Western Han Dynasty ends when Wang Mang claims that the divine Mandate of Heaven called for the end of the dynasty and the beginning of his own, the Xin Dynasty
69 Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus is appointed by Galba as deputy Roman Emperor
236 Pope Fabian succeeds Anterus to become the twentieth pope of Rome
1072 Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo
1475 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui
1645 Archbishop William Laud is beheaded at the Tower of London
1776 Thomas Paine publishes his pamphlet Common Sense
1791 The Siege of Dunlap's Station begins near Cincinnati during the Northwest Indian War
1806 Dutch settlers in Cape Town surrender to the British
1810 Napoleon Bonaparte divorces his first wife Joséphine
1861 American Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union
1863 The London Underground, the world's oldest underground railway, opens between London Paddington station and Farringdon station
1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
1901 The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas
1916 World War I: In the Erzurum Offensive, Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire
1920 The Treaty of Versailles takes effect, officially ending World War I
1922 Arthur Griffith is elected President of the Dáil Éireann
1923 Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel
1927 Fritz Lang's futuristic film Metropolis is released in Germany
1929 The Adventures of Tintin, one of the most popular European comic books, is first published in Belgium
1941 World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura
1946 The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented
1946 The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the moon and receiving the reflected signals
1954 BOAC Flight 781, a de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1, explodes and falls into the Tyrrhenian Sea killing 35 people
1962 Apollo program: NASA announces plans to build the C-5 rocket launch vehicle. It became better known as the Saturn V Moon rocket, which launched every Apollo Moon mission
1972 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns to the newly independent Bangladesh as president after spending over nine months in prison in Pakistan
1981 Salvadoran Civil War: The FMLN launches its first major offensive, gaining control of most of Morazán and Chalatenango departments
1984 Holy See–United States relations: The United States and Holy See (Vatican City) re-establish full diplomatic relations after almost 117 years, overturning the United States Congress's 1867 ban on public funding for such a diplomatic envoy
1985 Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and vows to continue the transformation to socialism and alliance with the Soviet Union and Cuba; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government
1990 Time Warner is formed by the merger of Time Inc. and Warner Communications
1999 Sanjeev Nanda kills three policemen in New Delhi, India with his car, an act for which he was later acquitted, resulting in a sharp drop in public confidence in the Indian legal system
2005 A mudslide occurs in La Conchita, California, killing 10 people, injuring many more and closing U.S. Route 101, the main coastal corridor between Los Angeles and San Francisco for 10 days
2007 A general strike begins in Guinea in an eventually successful attempt to get President Lansana Conté to resign
2011 2010–2011 Queensland floods: Torrential rain in the Lockyer Valley region of South East Queensland, Australia causes severe flash flooding, killing 9 people
2012 A bombing in Khyber Agency, Pakistan, kills at least 30 people and 78 others injured
2013 More than 100 people are killed and 270 injured in several bomb blasts in Pakistan