Died on January 11

705 Pope John VI Pope from 30 October 701 to his death in 705. John VI was an Anatolian from Ephesus who reigned during the Byzantine Papacy. His papacy was noted for military and political breakthroughs on the Italian peninsula. He succeeded to the papal chair two months after the death of Pope Sergius I, and his election occurred after a vacancy of less than seven weeks. He was succeeded by Pope John VII after a vacancy of less than two months. The body of the pope is buried in Old Peter's Basilica
782 Emperor Kōnin the 49th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Kōnin's reign lasted from 770 to 781
802 Paulinus II of Aquileia a priest, theologian, poet, and one of the most eminent scholars of the Carolingian Renaissance. From 787 to his death, he was the Patriarch of Aquileia. He participated in a number of synods which opposed Spanish Adoptionism and promoted both reforms and the adoption of the Filioque into the Nicene Creed. In addition, Paulinus arranged for the peaceful Christianisation of the Avars and the alpine Slavs in the territory of the Aquileian patriarchate. For this, he is also known as the apostle of the Slovenes
812 Staurakios Byzantine Emperor from July 26 to October 2, 811 in succession to his father, Nikephoros I, who had fallen at the Battle of Pliska. His rule was cut short by a severe wound suffered in the same battle, and he was forced into retirement in a monastery by his brother-in-law, Michael I Rangabe, where he died soon after
844 Michael I Rangabe Byzantine Emperor from 811 to 813.
1055 Constantine IX Monomachos Latinized as Constantine IX Monomachus , reigned as Byzantine emperor from June 11, 1042 to January 11, 1055. He had been chosen by the Empress Zoe as a husband and co-emperor in 1042, although he had been exiled for conspiring against her previous husband, Emperor Michael IV the Paphlagonian. They ruled together until Zoe died in 1050
1068 Egbert I Margrave of Meissen the Margrave of Meissen from 1067 until his early death the next year. Egbert was the Count of Brunswick from about 1038, when his father, Liudolf, Margrave of Frisia, died. His mother was Gertrude, the sister of Pope Leo IX
1083 Otto of Nordheim Duke of Bavaria from 1061 until 1070. He was one of the leaders of the Saxon Rebellion and the Great Saxon Revolt against Henry IV of Germany
1266 Swietopelk II Duke of Pomerania Duke of Pomerelia-Gdańsk from 1215 until his death. He was a son of Mestwin I and the first member of the Samborides to style himself dux
1331 Przemko II of Głogów a Duke of Żagań, Ścinawa, etc., from 1309 to 1321 , Duke of Oleśnica, Namysłów, Gniezno and Kalisz from 1309 to 1312 and Duke of Głogów starting in 1318.
1341 Maria of Galicia a princess of Galicia-Volhynia and a member of the Rurik Dynasty. She was sister to Leo II of Halych and Andrew of Halych, daughter of George I of Halych. She assisted her husband king Boleslaus George II of Halych in ruling Galicia
1443 La Hire a French military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
1494 Domenico Ghirlandaio an Italian Renaissance painter from Florence. Ghirlandaio was part of the so-called "third generation" of the Florentine Renaissance, along with Verrocchio, the Pollaiolo brothers and Sandro Botticelli. Ghirlandaio was the leader of a large and efficient workshop which included his brothers Davide Ghirlandaio and Benedetto Ghirlandaio, his brother-in-law Sebastiano Mainardi from San Gimignano and later his son Ridolfo Ghirlandaio. Among the many apprentices that passed through his workshop, the most famous was Michelangelo. Ghirlandaio's particular talent was his ability to depict contemporary life and portraits of contemporary people within the context of religious narratives. This brought him great popularity and many large commissions
1495 Pedro González de Mendoza a Spanish cardinal and statesman.
1546 Gaudenzio Ferrari a Northern Italian painter and sculptor of the Renaissance.
1601 Scipione Ammirato an Italian historian.
1612 Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda and founded the city of Hyderabad, in South-central India and built its architectural centerpiece, the Charminar. He was an able administrator and his reign is considered one of the high points of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. Hyderabad was named after his beloved wife Bhagamati, who was bestowed the title Hyder Mahal by the sultan. He ascended to the throne in 1580 at the age of 15 and ruled for 31 years
1619 Diane de France the natural daughter of Henry II, King of France, and his Piedmontese mistress Filippa Duci. Disproven sources claim that she was the daughter of Diane de Poitiers, because the latter was already Henry II's mistress by the time she brought up the little girl under her care
1641 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar Spanish poet, scholar and painter in the Siglo de Oro.
1641 Franciscus Gomarus a Dutch theologian, a strict Calvinist and an opponent of the teaching of Jacobus Arminius , whose theological disputes were addressed at the Synod of Dort.
1684 Cornelis Speelman Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1681 to 1684.
1696 Charles Albanel a French missionary explorer in Canada, and a Jesuit priest. In 1649, he arrived in Canada at Tadoussac where he spent many winters among the Montagnais Indians. In 1672, at the time when the Hudson's Bay Company was beginning operations, he was a leader of a French party that went by the Saguenay River, Lake Mistassini, and the Rupert River to Hudson Bay. He may have been the first European to reach Hudson Bay from the Saint Lawrence. In 1674, on another journey to the Rupert River he was captured by the English and taken to England. On his journey to England he induced Medard des Groseilliers to return to the French service. After returning in 1688 to Canada, he served at missions in western Canada and died at Sault Ste. Marie
1703 Johann Georg Graevius a German classical scholar and critic. He was born in Naumburg, in the Electorate of Saxony
1713 Pierre Jurieu a French Protestant leader.
1735 Metropolitan Danilo I Petrović-Njegoš the Metropolitan of Cetinje between 1697 and 1735. He styled himself "vojevodič srpskoj zemlji"
1744 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke of Bridgewater a British peer and courtier. Originally the 4th Earl of Bridgewater he was created Duke of Bridgewater in 1720 with the subsidiary title Marquess of Brackley
1753 Hans Sloane a British physician and collector of Irish birth, notable for bequeathing his collection to the nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum. He gave his name to streets such as Hans Crescent and Sloane Square in London, and also to Sir Hans Sloane Square in his birthplace, Killyleagh
1762 Louis-François Roubiliac a French sculptor who worked in England, one of the four most prominent sculptors in London working in the rococo style, He was described by Margaret Whinney as "probably the most accomplished sculptor ever to work in England".
1763 Caspar Abel a German theologian, historian and poet.
1771 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer Marquis d'Argens a French philosopher and writer.
1775 Prithvi Narayan Shah the first king of the unified Nepal. He is credited for starting the campaign for a unified Nepal, which had been divided and weakened under Malla confederacy. He was the ninth generation descendant of Dravya Shah , the founder of the ruling house of Gorkha. Prithvi Narayan Shah succeeded his father, King Nara Bhupal Shah to the throne of the Gorkha Kingdom in 1743
1788 François Joseph Paul de Grasse a French admiral. He is best known for his command of the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake, which led directly to the British surrender at Yorktown
1791 William Williams Pantycelyn generally acknowledged as Wales' most famous hymn writer. As a writer of both poetry and prose, he is today considered one of the greatest literary figures of Wales. He was, however, equally distinguished in the world of religion, as one of the key leaders of the 18th century Welsh Methodist revival, along with Howell Harris and Daniel Rowland
1798 Heraclius II of Georgia a Georgian monarch of the Bagrationi Dynasty, reigning as the king of Kakheti from 1744 to 1762, and of Kartli and Kakheti from 1762 until 1798. In the contemporary Persian sources he is referred to as Erekli Khan , while Russians knew him as Irakly. His name is frequently transliterated in a Latinized form Heraclius because both names Erekle and Irakli are Georgian versions of this Greek name
1801 Domenico Cimarosa an Italian opera composer of the Neapolitan school. He wrote more than eighty operas during his lifetime, including his masterpiece, Il matrimonio segreto
1811 Christoph Friedrich Nicolai a German writer and bookseller.
1817 Timothy Dwight IV an American academic and educator, a Congregationalist minister, theologian, and author. He was the eighth president of Yale College
1836 John Molson an English-speaking Quebecer who was a major brewer and entrepreneur in Canada, starting the Molson Brewing Company.
1837 François Gérard a French painter born in Rome, where his father occupied a post in the house of the French ambassador. His mother was Italian. As a baron of the Empire he is sometimes referred to as Baron Gérard
1843 Francis Scott Key an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".
1847 Caroline von Wolzogen a German writer in the Weimar Classicism circle. Her best-known works are a novel, Agnes von Lilien, and a biography of Friedrich Schiller, her brother-in-law
1856 Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin a German classical scholar.
1864 Augustus Chapman Allen along with his younger brother, John Kirby Allen, founded the City of Houston in the U.S. state of Texas. He was born on July 4, 1806, in Canaseraga Village, New York , to Sarah and Roland Allen
1867 Stuart Donaldson the first Premier of the Colony of New South Wales.
1868 Władysław Stanisław Zamoyski a Polish nobleman, politician, and general.
1870 Victor Noir famous for the manner of his death and its political consequences. His tomb in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris later became a fertility symbol
1874 Gail Borden most known as the developer of condensed milk in 1853. Borden co-plotted the cities of Houston and Galveston in 1836. Having returned to the New York area to market another product, he set up factories for condensed milk in Connecticut, and later in New York and Illinois. Demand was high for his product by the Union Army during the American Civil War. His New York Condensed Milk Company changed its name to Borden after his death
1877 Janko Matúška a Slovak poet, activist, occasional playwright, and clerk of the court. He is best known as the author of the Slovak national anthem, Nad Tatrou sa blýska based on melody of Slovak folk song Kopala studienku
1882 Theodor Schwann a German physiologist. His many contributions to biology include the development of cell theory, the discovery of Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system, the discovery and study of pepsin, the discovery of the organic nature of yeast, and the invention of the term metabolism
1883 Jenny Longuet the eldest daughter of Jenny von Westphalen and Karl Marx.