January 11 events in history

1055 Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire
1158 Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia
1569 First recorded lottery in England
1571 Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion
1693 A powerful earthquake destroys parts of Sicily and Malta
1759 In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated
1779 Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur
1782 American Revolutionary War: French troops begin a siege of a British garrison on Brimstone Hill in Saint Kitts
1787 William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus
1805 The Michigan Territory is created
1861 Alabama secedes from the United States
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas Post – General John McClernand and Admiral David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union
1863 American Civil War: CSS Alabama encounters and sinks the USS Hatteras off Galveston Lighthouse in Texas
1879 The Anglo-Zulu War begins
1908 Grand Canyon National Monument is created
1912 Immigrant textile works in Lawrence, Massachusetts, go on strike when wages are reduced in response to a mandated shortening of the work week
1917 The Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage
1919 Romania reincorporates Transylvania
1922 First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient
1923 Occupation of the Ruhr: Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its World War I reparation payments
1927 Louis B. Mayer, head of film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), announces the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, at a banquet in Los Angeles, California
1935 Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California
1942 World War II: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur
1943 World War II: The United States and United Kingdom give up territorial rights in China
1943 Italian-American anarchist Carlo Tresca is assassinated in New York City
1945 Greek Civil War: Last day of the Dekemvriana clashes in Athens, Greece
1946 Enver Hoxha, Secretary General of the Communist Party of Albania, declares the People's Republic of Albania with himself as head of state
1949 The first "networked" television broadcasts take place as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air connecting the east coast and mid-west programming
1949 A record-setting snowstorm hits Los Angeles, California
1957 The African Convention is founded in Dakar, Senegal
1960 Henry Lee Lucas, once listed as America's most prolific serial killer, commits his first known murder
1962 Cold War: While tied to its pier in Polyarny, the Soviet submarine B-37 is destroyed when fire breaks out in its torpedo compartment
1962 An avalanche on Huascarán in Peru causes 4,000 deaths
1964 Surgeon General of the United States Dr. Luther Terry, M.D., publishes the landmark report Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking national and worldwide anti-smoking efforts
1972 East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh
1973 Major League Baseball owners vote in approval of the American League adopting the designated hitter position
1986 The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland, Australia is officially opened
1994 The Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Féin
1996 Space Shuttle program: STS-72 launches from the Kennedy Space Center marking the start of the 74th Space Shuttle mission and the 10th flight of Endeavour
1998 Over 100 people are killed in the Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria
2003 Illinois Governor George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois' death row based on the Jon Burge scandal
2013 One French soldier and 17 militants are killed in a failed attempt to free a French hostage in Bulo Marer, Somalia