January 12 events in history

1528 Gustav I of Sweden crowned king of Sweden
1539 Treaty of Toledo signed by King Francis I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
1554 Bayinnaung, who would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, is crowned King of Burma
1616 The city of Belém is founded in Pará, Brazil by Francisco Caldeira Castelo Branco
1773 The first public Colonial American museum opens in Charleston, South Carolina
1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asís is founded in what is now Santa Clara, California
1808 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh, Scotland
1808 John Rennie's scheme to defend St Mary's Church, Reculver, founded in 669, from coastal erosion was abandoned in favour of demolition, despite it being an exemplar of Anglo-Saxon church architecture and sculpture
1848 The Palermo rising takes place in Sicily against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
1866 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London
1872 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years
1895 The National Trust is founded in the United Kingdom
1898 Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan
1899 Thirteen crew members and five apprentices are rescued from the stricken schooner Forest Hall by the Lynmouth Lifeboat when the former founders off the coast of Devon
1906 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included amongst its members H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election
1908 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time
1911 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees
1915 The Rocky Mountain National Park is formed by an act of U.S. Congress
1915 The United States House of Representatives rejects a proposal to give women the right to vote
1918 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens
1921 Acting to restore confidence in baseball after the Black Sox Scandal, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis is elected as Major League Baseball's first commissioner
1926 Original Sam 'n' Henry aired on Chicago, Illinois radio later renamed Amos 'n' Andy in 1928
1932 Hattie Caraway becomes the first woman elected to the United States Senate
1942 World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board
1959 The Caves of Nerja are rediscovered in Spain
1962 Vietnam War: Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in the war, takes place
1964 Rebels in Zanzibar begin a revolt known as the Zanzibar Revolution and proclaim a republic
1966 Lyndon B. Johnson states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there is ended
1967 Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation
1969 The New York Jets of the American Football League defeat the Baltimore Colts of the National Football League to win Super Bowl III in what is considered to be one of the greatest upsets in sports history
1970 Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian Civil War
1971 The Harrisburg Seven: Reverend Philip Berrigan and five others are indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C
1971 All in the Family The famous situation comedy premieres on CBS
1976 The United Nations Security Council votes 11-1 to allow the Palestine Liberation Organization to participate in a Security Council debate (without voting rights)
1986 Space Shuttle program: Congressman Bill Nelson lifts off from Kennedy Space Center aboard Columbia on mission STS-61-C as a Mission Specialist
1991 Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait
1998 Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning
2001 Downtown Disney opens to the public as part of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California
2004 The world's largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage
2005 Deep Impact launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta II rocket
2006 A stampede during the Stoning of the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims
2006 The French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship
2007 Comet C/2006 P1 (McNaught) reaches perihelion becoming the brightest comet in more than 40 years
2010 The 2010 Haiti earthquake occurs killing an estimated 316,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince