January 13 events in history

532 Nika riots in Constantinople
888 Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks
1435 Sicut Dudum, forbidding the enslavement of the Guanche natives in Canary Islands by the Spanish, is promulgated by Pope Eugene IV
1547 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey is sentenced to death
1607 The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain
1666 French traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier arrived Dhaka and met Shaista Khan
1793 Nicolas Jean Hugon de Bassville, representative of Revolutionary France, lynched by a mob in Rome
1797 French Revolutionary Wars: A naval battle between a French ship of the line and two British frigates off the coast of Brittany ends with the French vessel running aground, resulting in over 900 deaths
1815 War of 1812: British troops capture Fort Peter in St. Marys, Georgia, the only battle of the war to take place in the state
1822 The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus
1830 The Great fire of New Orleans, Louisiana begins
1833 President Andrew Jackson writes to Vice President Martin Van Buren expressing his opposition to South Carolina's defiance of federal authority in the Nullification Crisis
1840 The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives
1842 Dr. William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4,500 men and 12,000 camp followers when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad, Afghanistan
1847 The Treaty of Cahuenga ends the Mexican–American War in California
1869 National convention of black leaders meets in Washington, D.C
1893 The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting
1893 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu, Hawaii from the USS Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution
1895 First Italo-Ethiopian War: the war's opening battle, the Battle of Coatit, occurs; it is an Italian victory
1898 Émile Zola's J'accuse exposes the Dreyfus affair
1908 The Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, Pennsylvania kills 171 people
1910 The first public radio broadcast takes place; a live performance of the opera Cavalleria rusticana is sent out over the airwaves from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, New York
1913 Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University
1915 An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800
1934 The Candidate of Sciences degree is established in the Soviet Union
1935 A plebiscite in Saarland shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Nazi Germany
1939 The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometers of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people
1942 Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car
1942 World War II: First use of an aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter
1951 First Indochina War: The Battle of Vinh Yen begins, which will end in a major victory for France
1953 An article appears in Pravda accusing some of the most prestigious and prominent doctors, mostly Jews, in the Soviet Union of taking part in a vast plot to poison members of the top Soviet political and military leadership
1958 The Moroccan Army of Liberation ambushes a Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera
1960 The Gulag system of forced labor camps in the Soviet Union is officially abolished
1964 Anti-Muslim riots break out in Calcutta, resulting in 100 deaths
1964 Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, is appointed archbishop of Kraków, Poland
1966 Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member when he is appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
1968 Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom State Prison
1972 Prime Minister Kofi Abrefa Busia and President Edward Akufo-Addo of Ghana are ousted in a bloodless military coup by Colonel Ignatius Kutu Acheampong
1974 Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece
1978 U.S. Food & Drug Administration requires all blood donations to be labeled "paid" or "volunteer" donors
1982 Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737 jet crashes into Washington, D.C.'s 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78 including four motorists
1985 A passenger train plunges into a ravine in Ethiopia, killing 428 in the worst railroad disaster in Africa
1986 A month-long violent struggle begins in Aden, South Yemen between supporters of Ali Nasir Muhammad and Abdul Fattah Ismail, resulting in thousands of casualties
1988 Lee Teng-hui becomes the first native Taiwanese President of the Republic of China
1990 Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African American governor as he takes office in Richmond, Virginia
1991 Soviet Union troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius, killing 14 people and wounding 1000
1993 Space Shuttle program: Endeavour heads for space for the third time as STS-54 launches from the Kennedy Space Center
2001 An earthquake hits El Salvador, killing more than 800
2012 The passenger cruise ship Costa Concordia sinks off the coast of Italy. There are 31 confirmed deaths with one still missing, Russel Rebello, amongst the 4232 passengers and crew