January 14 events in history

1301 Andrew III of Hungary dies, ending the Árpád dynasty in Hungary
1343 Arnošt of Pardubice becomes the last bishop of Prague and, subsequently, the first Archbishop of Prague
1539 Spain annexes Cuba
1639 The "Fundamental Orders", the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut
1724 King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne
1761 The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas
1784 American Revolutionary War: Ratification Day, United States - Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain
1814 Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania
1822 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrios Ypsilantis
1858 Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt
1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000
1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition makes landfall on the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf
1933 The controversial "Bodyline" cricket tactics used by Douglas Jardine's England peak when Australian captain Bill Woodfull is hit over the heart
1938 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
1943 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, the successful operation to evacuate its forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign
1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war
1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel by airplane while in office when he travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill
1950 The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight
1952 NBC's long-running morning news program Today debuts, with host Dave Garroway
1953 Josip Broz Tito is inaugurated as the first President of Yugoslavia
1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation
1957 Kripalu Maharaj was named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher) after giving seven days of speeches before 500 Hindu scholars
1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia, the country's central bank and banknote issuing authority, is established
1967 Counterculture of the 1960s: The Human Be-In, takes place in San Francisco, California's Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love
1969 An accidental explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people
1972 Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascends the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513
1973 Elvis Presley's concert Aloha from Hawaii is broadcast live via satellite, and sets the record as the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in television history
1975 Teenage heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped by Donald Neilson, aka "the Black Panther"
1999 Toronto Mayor Mel Lastman becomes the first mayor in Canada to call in the Army to help with emergency medical evacuations and snow removal after more than one meter of snow paralyzes the city
2000 A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village
2004 The national flag of The Republic of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag", is restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years
2005 The Huygens probe lands on Saturn's moon Titan
2010 Yemen declares an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda
2011 The former president of Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled his country to Saudi Arabia after a series of street demonstrations against his regime and corrupt policies, asking for freedom, rights and democracy, considered as the anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution and the birth of the Arab Spring
2012 The Pirate Party of Greece is founded, on the model of the Swedish Pirate Party