Died on January 17

395 Theodosius I Roman Emperor from 379 to 395. Theodosius was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against Goths and other barbarians who had invaded the Empire; he failed to kill, expel, or entirely subjugate them, and after the Gothic War they established a homeland south of the Danube, in Illyricum, within the empire's borders. He fought two destructive civil wars, in which he defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius at great cost to the power of the Empire
1156 André de Montbard the fifth Grand Master of the Knights Templar and also one of the founders of the Order.
1168 Thierry Count of Flanders count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders. With a record of four campaigns in the Levant and Africa , he had a rare and distinguished record of commitment to crusading
1190 Konrad Spindleshanks a Duke of Głogów since 1177 until his death.
1221 Walter II de Clifford a Welsh Marcher Lord and High Sheriff in England.
1229 Albert of Riga the third Bishop of Riga in Livonia. In 1201 he founded Riga, the modern capital of Latvia, and built the city's cathedral in 1221
1240 Isabel Marshal a medieval English countess. She was the wife of both Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford and 5th Earl of Gloucester and Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall. With the former, she was a great grandparent of King Robert the Bruce of Scotland
1284 Alexander Prince of Scotland the son of Alexander III of Scotland and Margaret of England, and heir to the throne of Scotland. He was the grandson of Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland
1318 Erwin von Steinbach a German architect, and was a central figure in the construction of the Strasbourg Cathedral.
1328 Otto I Landgrave of Hesse Landgrave of Hesse from 1308 until his death.
1334 John of Brittany Earl of Richmond an English nobleman and a member of the Ducal house of Brittany, the House of Dreux. He entered royal service in England under his uncle Edward I, and also served Edward On 15 October 1306 he received his father's title of Earl of Richmond. He was named Guardian of Scotland in the midst of England's conflicts with the Scotland and in 1311 Lord Ordainer during the baronial rebellion against Edward II
1345 Martino Zaccaria the Lord of Chios from 1314 to 1329, ruler of several other Aegean islands, and baron of Veligosti–Damala and Chalandritsa in the Principality of Achaea. He distinguished himself in the fight against Turkish corsairs in the Aegean Sea, and received the title of "King and Despot of Asia Minor" from the titular Latin Emperor, Philip He was deposed from his rule of Chios by a Byzantine expedition in 1329, and imprisoned in Constantinople until 1337. Martino then returned to Italy, where he was named the Genoese ambassador to the Holy See. In 1343 he was named commander of the Papal squadron in the Smyrniote crusade against Umur Bey, ruler of the Emirate of Aydin, and participated in the storming of Smyrna in October 1344. He was killed, along with several other of the crusade's leaders, in a Turkish attack on 17 January 1345
1369 Peter I of Cyprus King of Cyprus and titular King of Jerusalem from his father's abdication on 24 November 1358 until his own death in 1369. He was also Latin King of Armenia from either 1361 or 1368. He was the second son of Hugh IV of Cyprus, the first by his second wife Alice of Ibelin. He was also invested as titular Count of Tripoli when young, in 1346. He was the greatest King of Cyprus on a military basis, where he had great success. He was unable to complete many plans, due to internal dispute that culminated in his assassination at the hands of three of his own knights
1456 Elisabeth of Lorraine-Vaudémont a pioneer of the novel in Early New High German language. Around 1437, she translated and edited four French romances by Odo Arpin of Bourges, Sibille, Loher & Maller and Hug Chapler
1468 Skanderbeg a 15th-century Albanian nobleman.
1588 Qi Jiguang a Chinese military general of the Ming Dynasty. He is best known for leading Ming forces to defend China's east coastal regions from raids by the wokou in the 16th century and is widely regarded as a national hero in Chinese culture
1617 Fausto Veranzio a polymath and bishop from the Venetian Republic.
1625 Maria Dolgorukova the first wife of Tsar Michael I of Russia.
1650 Tommaso Dolabella a Baroque painter from Venice, who settled in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at the royal court of King Sigismund III Vasa. Active in Kraków, where his huge canvas paintings were displayed in Gothic churches of Kraków and Kazimierz. Only a few of them have survived in the Dominican and Corpus Christi churches. He was later supported by Sigismund's son, Władysław IV Waza. In Warsaw he opened a workshop for artists
1651 Giovanni Girolamo Kapsperger a German-Italian virtuoso performer and composer of the early Baroque period. A prolific and highly original composer, Kapsberger is chiefly remembered today for his lute, theorbo and chitarrone music, which was seminal in the development of these as solo instruments
1654 Paulus Potter a Dutch painter who specialized in animals within landscapes, usually with a low vantage point.
1656 Jerzy Tyszkiewicz auxiliary bishop of Vilnius from 1627 to 1633, bishop of Samogitia from 1633 to 1649, and bishop of Vilnius from 1649 to 1656.
1670 Tsarevich Alexei Alexeyevich of Russia the second son and heir of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, brother of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-brother of Tsar Peter the Great. He died before he had a chance to succeed to the throne
1686 Carlo Dolci an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Florence, known for highly finished religious pictures, often repeated in many versions.
1702 Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski a Polish noble, politician, patron of the arts and writer.
1705 John Ray an English naturalist, widely regarded as one of the earliest of the English parson-naturalists, and the man with whom "the adventure of modern science begins". Until 1670, he wrote his name as John Wray. From then on, he used 'Ray', after "having ascertained that such had been the practice of his family before him"
1718 Benjamin Church (ranger) considered the father of American ranging. He was the captain of the first Ranger force in America. Church was commissioned by the Governor of the Plymouth Colony, Josiah Winslow to form the first ranger company for King Philip's War. He later employed the company to raid Acadia during King Williams War and Queen Anne's War
1720 Angelo Paoli an Italian Carmelite, known as "the father of the poor".
1733 George Byng 1st Viscount Torrington a British naval officer and statesman of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. His career included service as First Lord of the Admiralty during the reign of King George II
1736 Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann a German master builder who helped to rebuild Dresden after the fire of 1685.
1738 Jean-François Dandrieu a French Baroque composer, harpsichordist and organist.
1751 Tomaso Albinoni an Italian Baroque composer. While famous in his day as an opera composer, he is mainly remembered today for his instrumental music, such as the concertos, some of which are regularly recorded
1758 James Hamilton 6th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish peer.
1766 Francis Godolphin 2nd Earl of Godolphin a British politician, styled Viscount Rialton between 1706 and 1712.
1775 Vincenzo Riccati an Italian mathematician and physicist. He was the brother of Giordano Riccati, and the second son of Jacopo Riccati
1784 Yosa Buson a Japanese poet and painter of the Edo period. Along with Matsuo Bashō and Kobayashi Issa, Buson is considered among the greatest poets of the Edo Period. Buson was born in the village of Kema in Settsu Province city. His original family name was Taniguchi
1789 Thomas Walter (botanist) a British-born American botanist. He is best known for his book Flora Caroliniana , an early yet fairly complete catalog of the flowering plants of South Carolina
1805 Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron the first professional French scholar of Indian culture. He conceived the institutional framework for the new profession. He inspired the founding of the École française d'Extrême-Orient a century after his death and, later still, the founding of the Institut francais de Pondichéry
1806 Franz von Werneck Freiherr von Werneck, born 13 October 1748 – died 17 January 1806, enlisted in the army of Habsburg Austria and fought in the Austro-Turkish War, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars. He enjoyed a distinguished career until 1797, when he lost a battle and was dismissed as punishment. He was only reinstated in 1805. In that year he surrendered his command and was later brought up on charges. He died while awaiting a court-martial
1807 Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet born at Montpellier. His father, François Broussonet , was a physician and professor of medicine at famous Université de Montpellier. His brother, Victor, studied there and later became its dean. Henri Fouquet , a professor at the medical school, was a relative, as was Jean-Antoine Chaptal , who subsequently became minister of the interior
1823 Zacharias Werner a German poet, dramatist, and preacher. As a dramatist, he is known mainly for inaugurating the era of the so-called “tragedies of fate.”
1825 Antoine-François-Claude Ferrand born in Paris, and became a member of the parlement of Paris at eighteen.
1826 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga a Spanish composer. He was nicknamed "the Spanish Mozart" after he died, because, like Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, he was both a child prodigy and an accomplished composer who died young. They also shared the same first and second baptismal names; and they shared the same birthday, January 27
1829 Adam Müller a German publicist, literary critic, political economist, theorist of the state and forerunner of economic romanticism.
1834 Giovanni Aldini a brother of the statesman Count Antonio Aldini and nephew of Luigi Galvani, whose treaties on muscular electricity he edited with notes in 1791.
1848 Petros Mavromichalis the leader of the Maniot people during the first half of the 19th century. His family had a long history of revolts against the Ottoman Empire, which ruled most of what is now Greece. His grandfather Georgios and his father Pierros were among the leaders of the Orlov Revolt
1850 Elizabeth Simcoe an artist and diarist in colonial Canada. She was the wife of John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
1854 Gottfried Wilhelm Becker a German physician and writer.
1855 Andrew Barnard an Irish British Army officer. He served in various capacities in the West Indies, the Cape of Good Hope, Canada, the Netherlands, Sicily, Spain and in the Napoleonic Wars including the Battle of Waterloo for which service he was highly decorated. After his retirement from active duty, he served in a number of civilian positions, being promoted to general four years before his death
1861 Lola Montez an Irish dancer and actress who became famous as a "Spanish dancer", courtesan, mistress of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, who made her Countess of Landsfeld. She used her influence to institute liberal reforms. At the start of the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states, she was forced to flee. She proceeded to the United States via Switzerland, France and London, returning to her work as an entertainer and lecturer