January 18 in history

January 18 events chronologically

350 General Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor
474 Seven-year-old Leo II succeeds his maternal grandfather Leo I as Byzantine emperor. He dies ten months later
532 Nika riots in Constantinople fail
1126 Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong
1486 King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV
1535 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founds Lima, the capital of Peru
1562 Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session

Top 7 most famous people born on January 18

1689 Montesquieu a French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He did more than any other author to secure the place of the word despotism in the political lexicon, and may have been partly responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire
1904 Cary Grant an English stage and Hollywood film actor who became an American citizen in 1942. Known for his transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor and "dashing good looks", Grant is considered one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men
1911 Danny Kaye an American actor, singer, dancer, and comedian. His performances featured physical comedy, idiosyncratic pantomimes, and rapid-fire nonsense songs
1925 Gilles Deleuze a French philosopher who, from the early 1960s until his death, wrote influentially on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art. His most popular works were the two volumes of Capitalism and Schizophrenia: Anti-Oedipus and A Thousand Plateaus , both co-written with Félix Guattari. His metaphysical treatise Difference and Repetition is considered by many scholars to be his magnum opus
1955 Kevin Costner an American actor, filmmaker, and singer. He has won two Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, and one Emmy Award, and has been nominated for three BAFTA Awards. Costner's notable roles include Eliot Ness in The Untouchables, Crash Davis in Bull Durham, Ray Kinsella in Field of Dreams, John Dunbar in Dances with Wolves, Jim Garrison in JFK, Robin Hood in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Frank Farmer in The Bodyguard and Jonathan Kent in Man of Steel. Less well-liked were the science fiction-post-apocalyptic epics Waterworld and The Postman , the latter starring, directed and produced by Costner
1969 Dave Batista an American actor, professional mixed martial artist, and professional wrestler who is currently signed to WWE under the ring name Batista. He is a six-time world champion, winning the World Heavyweight Championship four times and the WWE Championship twice. He is the longest-reigning World Heavyweight Champion in WWE history, and has won the World Tag Team Championship three times and the WWE Tag Team Championship once. He was the winner of the 2005 Royal Rumble match and went on to headline WrestleMania 21, one of the top five highest-grossing pay-per-view events in pro wrestling history. Batista also won the 2014 Royal Rumble match after which he headlined WrestleMania XXX
1971 Pep Guardiola a Spanish former footballer who is the current manager of Bundesliga club Bayern Munich. Guardiola played as a defensive midfielder and spent the majority of his career with Barcelona, forming a part of Johan Cruyff's "dream team" that won Barcelona's first European Cup in 1992, and captaining the team from 1997 to 2001. He also played for Brescia and Roma in Italy, Al-Ahli in Qatar, and Dorados de Sinaloa in Mexico while training to be a manager. While playing in Italy, he served a four-month ban for a positive drug test, although he was cleared of wrongdoing twice on appeal in 2009 before the Courts of Justice of the Italian Football Federation and the Federal Anti-Doping Courts of the Italian Olympic Committee. He was capped 47 times for Spain, winning the Olympic Gold Medal in 1992, and also played friendly matches for Catalonia. A deep-lying playmaker, Guardiola was highly regarded throughout his career for his vision of the game, ball control, technical ability, passing range, and calm composure

Top 7 most famous people died on January 18

1213 Tamar of Georgia the Great reigned as Queen of Georgia from 1184 to 1213, presiding over the apex of the Georgian Golden Age. A member of the Bagrationi dynasty, her position as the first woman to rule Georgia in her own right was emphasized by the title mep'e , commonly afforded to Tamar in the medieval Georgian sources
1862 John Tyler the tenth President of the United States. He was elected vice president on the 1840 Whig ticket with William Henry Harrison, and became president after his running mate's death in April 1841. Tyler was known as a supporter of states' rights, which endeared him to his fellow Virginians, yet his acts as president showed that he was willing to support nationalist policies as long as they did not infringe on the rights of the states. Still, the circumstances of his unexpected rise to the presidency and his possible threat to the ambitions of other potential presidential candidates left him estranged from both major parties in Washington. A firm believer in manifest destiny, President Tyler sought to strengthen and preserve the Union through territorial expansion, most notably the annexation of the independent Republic of Texas in his last days in office
1873 Edward Bulwer-Lytton an English novelist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was immensely popular with the reading public and wrote a stream of bestselling novels which earned him a considerable fortune. He coined the phrases "the great unwashed", "pursuit of the almighty dollar", "the pen is mightier than the sword", "dweller on the threshold", as well as the infamous opening line "It was a dark and stormy night"
1936 Rudyard Kipling an English short-story writer, poet, and novelist. He wrote tales and poems of British soldiers in India and stories for children. He was born in Bombay, in the Bombay Presidency of British India, and was taken by his family to England when he was five years old
1956 Konstantin Päts the most influential politician of interwar Estonia. He was one of the first Estonians to become active in politics and started an almost 40-year political rivalry with Jaan Tõnisson, first through journalism with his newspaper Teataja, later through politics. He was condemned to death during the 1905 Revolution, but managed to flee first to Switzerland, then to Finland, where he continued his literary work. He returned to Estonia, but had to spend time in prison in 1910–1911
1982 Huang Xianfan a Chinese historian, ethnologist and educator.
1995 Adolf Butenandt a German biochemist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1939 for his "work on sex hormones." He initially rejected the award in accordance with government policy, but accepted it in 1949 after World War II