January 18 events in history

350 General Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor
474 Seven-year-old Leo II succeeds his maternal grandfather Leo I as Byzantine emperor. He dies ten months later
532 Nika riots in Constantinople fail
1126 Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong
1486 King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV
1535 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founds Lima, the capital of Peru
1562 Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session
1591 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, for which this date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
1670 Henry Morgan captures Panama
1701 Frederick I crowns himself King of Prussia in Königsberg
1778 James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the "Sandwich Islands"
1788 The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrive at Botany Bay
1866 Wesley College, Melbourne is established
1871 Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles (France) towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans
1884 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom
1886 Modern hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England
1896 An X-ray generating machine is exhibited for the first time by H.L. Smith
1903 President Theodore Roosevelt sends a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States
1911 Eugene B. Ely lands on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Francisco Bay, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship
1913 First Balkan War: A Greek flotilla defeats the Ottoman Navy in the Naval Battle of Lemnos, securing the islands of the Northern Aegean Sea for Greece
1915 Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia
1916 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite strikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
1919 Bentley Motors Limited is founded
1919 World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France
1919 Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland
1941 World War II: British troops launch a general counter-offensive against Italian East Africa
1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: The first uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto
1944 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers are Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden
1944 World War II: Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three-year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad
1945 World War II: Liberation of Krakow, Poland by the Red Army
1955 Chinese Civil War: Battle of Yijiangshan is fought
1958 Willie O'Ree, the first African Canadian National Hockey League player, makes his NHL debut with the Boston Bruins
1960 Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes into a farm in Charles City County, Virginia, killing all 50 aboard, the third fatal Capital Airlines crash in as many years
1967 Albert DeSalvo, the "Boston Strangler", is convicted of numerous crimes and is sentenced to life imprisonment
1969 United Airlines Flight 266 crashes into Santa Monica Bay killing all 32 passengers and six crew members
1974 A Disengagement of Forces agreement is signed between the Israeli and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War
1976 Lebanese Christian militias overrun Karantina, Beirut, killing at least 1,000
1977 Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease
1977 Australia's worst rail disaster occurs at Granville, Sydney killing 83
1977 SFR Yugoslavia's Prime minister, Džemal Bijedić, his wife and 6 others are killed in a plane crash in Bosnia and Herzegovina
1978 The roof structure of the Hartford Civic Center collapses after a significant snowfall
1978 The European Court of Human Rights finds the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture
1981 Phil Smith and Phil Mayfield parachute off a Houston skyscraper, becoming the first two people to BASE jump from objects in all four categories: buildings, antennae, spans (bridges), and earth (cliffs)
1983 The International Olympic Committee restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals to his family
1990 Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry is arrested for drug possession in an FBI sting
1993 Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all 50 states
1994 The Cando event, a possible bolide impact in Cando, Spain. Witnesses claim to have seen a fireball in the sky lasting for almost one minute
1997 In northwest Rwanda, Hutu militia members kill 3 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers and seriously wound one other
1997 Børge Ousland of Norway becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided
2000 The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth