Died on January 19

639 Dagobert I the king of Austrasia , king of all the Franks , and king of Neustria and Burgundy. He was the last king of the Merovingian dynasty to wield any real royal power. Dagobert was the first of the Frankish kings to be buried in the royal tombs at Saint Denis Basilica
914 García I of León the King of León from 910 until his death and eldest of three succeeding sons of Alfonso III the Great by his wife Jimena.
966 Fujiwara no Asatada a middle Heian waka and Japanese nobleman. He is designated as a member of the Thirty-six Poetry Immortals and one of his poems is included in the famous anthology Hyakunin Isshu
1048 Emperor Jingzong of Western Xia the first emperor of the Western Xia Empire located in northwestern China, reigning from 1038 to 1048. He was the eldest son of the Tangut ruler Li Deming
1302 Al-Hakim I an Abbasid Caliph of Cairo, Egypt for the Mamluk Sultans between 1262 and 1302.
1305 Roger of Lauria a Sicilian admiral in Aragonese service, who was the commander of the fleet of Aragon during the War of the Sicilian Vespers. He was probably the most successful and talented naval tactician of the medieval period. He is known as Ruggero or Ruggiero di Lauria in Italian
1445 Antonio Correr the son of Filippo Correr and Cassandra Venier. He was Cardinal-nephew of Gregory XII, Pope of the Roman Obedience in the period of the Great Western Schism, eldest brother of Filippo Correr. He was also cousin of Pope Eugene IV, son of his father Filippo's sister Bariola and Angelo Condulmer. His last name is listed also as Corrario and Corraro
1464 John IV Marquess of Montferrat the Margrave of Montferrat from 1445 until his death.
1491 Dorothea of Brandenburg Duchess of Mecklenburg a princess of Brandenburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg.
1526 Isabella of Austria Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Christian She was the daughter of King Philip I and Queen Joanna of Castile and the sister of Emperor Charles She was born at Brussels. She served as regent of Denmark in 1520
1547 Henry Howard Earl of Surrey an English aristocrat, and one of the founders of English Renaissance poetry. He was a first cousin of Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of King Henry VIII
1571 Paris Bordone an Italian painter of the Venetian Renaissance who, despite training with Titian, maintained a strand of mannerist complexity and provincial vigor.
1576 Hans Sachs a German meistersinger , poet, playwright, and shoemaker.
1608 Bernard Maciejowski Cardinal Bernard Maciejowski, Ciołek coat of arms , Polish nobleman, starosta, royal standard bearer, statesman and Catholic Church leader; Łuck Bishop, Archbishop of Kraków, Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland.
1629 Abbas I of Persia the 5th Safavid Shah Emperor of Iran, and generally considered the greatest ruler of the Safavid dynasty. He was the third son of Shah Mohammad
1669 Leo Allatius a Greek scholar, theologian and keeper of the Vatican library.
1692 Jan Commelin the son of Isaac Commelin a historian; his brother Casparus was a bookseller and newspaper publisher. Jan a botanist became a professor of botany when many plants were imported from the Cape and Ceylon and a new system had to be developed. As alderman of the city, together with burgomaster Johan Huydecoper van Maarsseveen he led the arrangement of the new botanic garden, Hortus Medicus later becoming Hortus Botanicus. He cultivated exotic plants on his farm 'Zuyderhout' near Haarlem. Commelin amassed a fortune by selling herbs and drugs to apothecaries and hospitals in Amsterdam and other Dutch cities
1719 Joachim Tielke a German maker of musical instruments. He was born in Königsberg, Prussia, and died in Hamburg
1720 Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg Holy Roman Empress as the spouse of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Through her marriage, she was also Queen of Bohemia and Hungary, German Queen, and Archduchess of Austria. She served as Interim Regent in 1711. She was the paternal grandmother of Empress Maria Theresa
1729 William Congreve an English playwright and poet.
1748 Ernest Augustus I Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Weimar and, from 1741, of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
1755 Jean-Pierre Christin a French physicist, mathematician, astronomer and musician. His proposal to reverse the Celsius thermometer scale was widely accepted and is still in use today
1757 Thomas Ruddiman a Scottish classical scholar.
1761 Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans the Duchess of Modena and Reggio by marriage. She was the third daughter of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, and of his wife, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon. She was born a princesse du sang. When a married woman, she had ten children
1765 Johan Agrell a late German/Swedish baroque composer.
1766 Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni a French decorator, architect, scene-painter and trompe-l'œil specialist.
1785 Jonathan Toup an English philologist, classical scholar and critic.
1793 Katsukawa Shunshō a Japanese painter and printmaker in the ukiyo-e style, and the leading artist of the Katsukawa school. Shunshō studied under Miyagawa Shunsui, son and student of Miyagawa Chōshun, both equally famous and talented ukiyo-e artists. Shunshō is most well known for introducing a new form of yakusha-e, prints depicting Kabuki actors. However, his bijin-ga paintings, while less famous, are said by some scholars to be "the best in the second half of the century"
1795 Maria Teresa Agnesi Pinottini an Italian composer. Though she was most famous for her compositions, she was also an accomplished harpsichordist and singer, and the majority of her surviving compositions were written for keyboard, the voice, or both. She was born in Milan to Pietro Agnesi, an overbearing man in the lesser nobility. He provided early education for both Maria Teresa and her more famous older sister, Maria Gaetana, a mathematics and language prodigy who lectured and debated all over Europe while her sister performed. Maria Teresa was married to Pier Antonio Pinottini on June 13, 1752, and they settled in a district populated by intellects and artists, but eventually suffered severe financial ruin. Pinottini died not too long afterwards
1803 Markus Herz a German physician and lecturer on philosophy.
1804 Paul Kray a soldier, and general in Habsburg service during the Seven Years War, the War of Bavarian Succession, the Austro–Turkish War , and the French Revolutionary Wars. He was born in Késmárk, Upper Hungary
1819 Elsa Beata Bunge a Swedish, botanist, writer and noble.
1821 Thomas Willing an American merchant, a Delegate to the Continental Congress from Pennsylvania and the first president of the First National Bank of the United States.
1833 Ferdinand Hérold a French operatic composer of Alsatian descent who also wrote many pieces for the piano, orchestra, and the ballet. He is best known today for the ballet La fille mal gardée and the overture to the opera Zampa
1839 Louis William Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1829 until his death.
1847 Charles Bent appointed as the first civilian Governor of the newly acquired New Mexico Territory by military Governor Stephen Watts Kearny in September 1846.
1847 Athanasios Christopoulos born at Kastoria in Macedonia.
1851 Esteban Echeverría an Argentine poet, fiction writer, cultural promoter, and political activist who played a significant role in the development of Argentine literature, not only through his own writings but also through his organizational efforts. He was one of Latin America's most important Romantic authors
1853 Charles Baker Adams an American educator and naturalist.
1853 Karl Faber a Prussian archivist and historian.
1865 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon a French politician, the founder of Mutualist philosophy, an economist and a socialist. He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist and is among its most influential theorists. He is considered by many to be the "father of anarchism". He became a member of the French Parliament after the revolution of 1848, whereafter he referred to himself as a federalist
1869 Carl Reichenbach a notable chemist, geologist, metallurgist, naturalist, industrialist and philosopher, and a member of the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences. He is best known for his discoveries of several chemical products of economic importance, extracted from tar, such as eupione, waxy paraffin, pittacal and phenol. He also dedicated himself in his last years to research an unproved field of energy combining electricity, magnetism and heat, emanating from all living things, which he called the Odic force
1871 Henri Regnault a French painter.
1874 August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben a German poet. He is best known for writing "Das Lied der Deutschen", its third stanza now being the national anthem of Germany, and a number of popular children's songs
1878 Ede Szigligeti a Hungarian dramatist.
1878 Henri Victor Regnault a French chemist and physicist best known for his careful measurements of the thermal properties of gases. He was an early thermodynamicist and was mentor to William Thomson in the late 1840s
1881 Auguste Mariette a French scholar, archaeologist and Egyptologist, and founder of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities.
1887 Semyon Nadson a Russian Empire poet.
1888 Heinrich Anton de Bary a German surgeon, botanist, microbiologist, and mycologist.
1889 Jenaro Quesada 1st Marquis of Miravalles a Spanish soldier.