January 19 events in history

379 Emperor Gratian elevates Flavius Theodosius at Sirmium to Augustus, and gives him power over all the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire
639 Clovis II, king of Neustria and Burgundy, is crowned
649 Conquest of Kucha: The forces of Kucha surrender after a forty-day siege led by Tang Dynasty general Ashina She'er, establishing Tang control over the northern Tarim Basin in Xinjiang
1419 Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England, completing his reconquest of Normandy
1511 Mirandola surrenders to the French
1520 Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, is mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund
1607 San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is the oldest church still standing in the Philippines
1661 Thomas Venner is hanged, drawn and quartered in London
1764 John Wilkes is expelled from the British House of Commons for seditious libel
1788 The second group of ships of the First Fleet arrive at Botany Bay
1795 The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands bringing to an end the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
1806 The United Kingdom occupies the Cape of Good Hope
1812 Peninsular War: After a ten-day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo
1817 An army of 5,423 soldiers, led by General José de San Martín, crosses the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru
1829 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust Part 1 receives its premiere performance
1839 The British East India Company captures Aden
1840 Captain Charles Wilkes circumnavigates Antarctica, claiming what became known as Wilkes Land for the United States
1853 Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il Trovatore receives its premiere performance in Rome
1861 American Civil War: Georgia joins South Carolina, Florida, Mississippi, and Alabama in seceding from the United States
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs – The Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict
1871 Franco-Prussian War: In the Siege of Paris, Prussia wins the Battle of St. Quentin. Meanwhile, the French attempt to break the siege in the Battle of Buzenval will end unsuccessfully the following day
1883 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey
1893 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder receives its premiere performance in Berlin
1899 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan is formed
1915 Georges Claude patents the neon discharge tube for use in advertising
1915 World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn in the United Kingdom killing more than 20, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target
1917 Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London
1920 The United States Senate votes against joining the League of Nations
1935 Coopers Inc. sells the world's first briefs
1937 Howard Hughes sets a new air record by flying from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes, 25 seconds
1942 World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma
1945 World War II: Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto. Of more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation
1946 General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals
1949 Cuba recognizes Israel
1953 71.7% of all television sets in the United States are tuned into I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth
1960 Japan and the United States sign the US-Japan Mutual Security Treaty
1969 Student Jan Palach dies after setting himself on fire 3 days earlier in Prague's Wenceslas Square to protest about the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968. His funeral turned into another major protest
1974 China gain control over all the Paracel Islands after a military engagement between the naval forces of the People's Republic of China and Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
1975 An earthquake strikes Himachal Pradesh, India
1977 President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (a.k.a. "Tokyo Rose")
1977 Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snow has fallen. It also fell in the Bahamas
1978 The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW's plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America continues until 2003
1981 Iran Hostage Crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity
1983 The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced
1983 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia
1986 The first IBM PC computer virus is released into the wild. A boot sector virus dubbed (c)Brain, it was created by the Farooq Alvi Brothers in Lahore, Pakistan, reportedly to deter piracy of the software they had written
1991 Gulf War: Iraq fires a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries
1993 Czech Republic and Slovakia join the United Nations
1995 After being struck by lightning the crew are forced to ditch Bristow Flight 56C. All 18 aboard are later rescued
1996 The barge North Cape oil spill occurs as an engine fire forces the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island