Died on January 21

420 Yazdegerd I the fourteenth Sasanian king of Persia and ruled from 399 to 420. He was the son of Shapur III. He succeeded to the Sasanian throne on the assassination of his brother Bahram IV in 399 and ruled for twenty-one years till his death in 420
496 Epiphanius of Pavia Bishop of Pavia from 466 until his death in 496. Epiphanius additionally held the offices of lector, subdeacon and deacon
917 Erchanger Duke of Swabia the duke of Swabia from September 915 to his death. He was the son of Berthold I, count palatine of Swabia, who is sometimes called Erchanger as well, in which case the duke is Erchanger His mother was Gisela, daughter of Louis the German and his family is known as the Ahalolfinger
1059 Michael I Cerularius the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1043 to 1059.
1118 Pope Paschal II Pope from 13 August 1099 to his death in 1118.
1330 Joan II Countess of Burgundy the eldest daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and Mahaut, Countess of Artois, and was Queen of France as the wife of Philip V of France.
1354 Baldwin of Luxembourg the Archbishop-Elector of Trier and Archchancellor of Burgundy from 1307 to his death. From 1328 to 1336, he was the diocesan administrator of the archdiocese of Mainz and from 1331 to 1337 of those of Worms and Speyer. He was one of the most important German prelates of his age
1397 Albert II Duke of Bavaria a feudal co-regent, with his father Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, in the counties of Holland, Hainaut, and Zeeland in the Low Countries. Additionally, from 1389 until his death in 1397, he administered the Bavarian province of Straubing in the name of his father, it being his Bavarian ducal line's appanage and seat. Albert II's mother was Margaret of Brieg, great granddaughter of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
1398 Frederick V Burgrave of Nuremberg a Burgrave of Nuremberg, of the House of Hohenzollern.
1426 Siemowit IV Duke of Masovia one of the Dukes of Masovia of the old Polish Piast royal family. His domain included the lands of Czersk, Rawa, Sochaczew, Płock and Gostynin. In 1381 he inherited Wisz and in 1387 Bełz
1495 Magdalena of Valois a daughter of Charles VII of France and Marie of Anjou, and acted as regent for her children, Francis I and Catherine I, who were successively monarchs of Navarre.
1524 Alexander Gordon 3rd Earl of Huntly a Scottish nobleman. He was a member of Parliament, a member of the Privy Council, a regent and Lieutenant of the kingdom
1527 Juan de Grijalva a Spanish conquistador. Some authors said he was from the same family as Diego Velázquez. He went to Hispaniola in 1508 and to Cuba in 1511
1546 Azai Sukemasa built Odani Castle for the Azai clan, including his son Azai Hisamasa, to rule.
1600 Jerzy Radziwiłł (1556–1600) a Polish–Lithuanian nobleman from the Radziwiłł family. He was a Catholic bishop and cardinal. Radziwiłł was also an Imperial Prince
1609 Joseph Justus Scaliger a French religious leader and scholar, known for expanding the notion of classical history from Greek and ancient Roman history to include Persian, Babylonian, Jewish and ancient Egyptian history. He spent the end of his life in the Netherlands
1638 Ignazio Donati an Italian composer of the early Baroque era. He was one of the pioneers of the style of the concertato motet
1670 Claude Duval a French-born gentleman highwayman in post-Restoration Britain.
1670 Honorat de Bueil seigneur de Racan a French aristocrat, soldier, poet, dramatist and member of the Académie française.
1672 Adriaen van de Velde a Dutch animal and landscape painter, son of Willem van de Velde the Elder and brother of Willem van de Velde the Younger, the marine painter.
1683 Anthony Ashley Cooper 1st Earl of Shaftesbury also remembered as the patron of John Locke.
1686 François Blondel a soldier, engineer of fortifications, diplomat, civil engineer and military architect, called "the Great Blondel", to distinguish him in a dynasty of French architects. He is remembered for his Cours d'architecture which remained a central text for over a century. His precepts placed him in opposition with Claude Perrault in the larger culture war known under the heading Querelle des anciens et des modernes. If François Blondel was not the most highly reputed among the académiciens of his day, his were the writings that most generally circulated among the general public, the Cours de Mathématiques, the Art de jetter les Bombes, the Nouvelle manière de fortifier les places and, above all his Cours d'Architecture
1699 Obadiah Walker an English academic and Master of University College, Oxford from 1676 to 1688.
1706 Adrien Baillet a French scholar and critic. He is now best known as a biographer of René Descartes
1710 Johann Georg Gichtel a German mystic and religious leader who was a critic of Lutheranism. His followers ultimately separated from this faith
1711 Frederick William Duke of Courland Duke of Courland and Semigallia from 1698 to 1711. Frederick Wilhelm was the son of Frederick Casimir Kettler and Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg. During his reign duchy was occupied by Swedish and later by Russian troops
1722 Charles Paulet 2nd Duke of Bolton Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Member of Parliament for Hampshire and a supporter of William III of Orange.
1731 Thomas Hollis (1659–1731) a wealthy English merchant and benefactor of Harvard University. In 1721, he established the Hollis Chair of Divinity at Harvard, with a salary of £80 per year. In 1726, he also endowed the Hollis Chair of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy with the same amount. The town of Holliston, Massachusetts is named for him
1733 Bernard Mandeville an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist. Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, he lived most of his life in England and used English for most of his published works. He became famous for The Fable of the Bees
1737 Ignjat Đurđević a baroque poet and translator, best known for his long poem Uzdasi Mandaljene pokornice. Đurđević was born in Republic of Ragusa. His mother is of the Zlatarić family
1765 Christian Braunmann Tullin a Norwegian businessman and poet, born in Christiania. He was city manager for Christiania from 1763, and was also Chairman for the Board of Customs and Excise. He was regarded as one of Denmark-Norway's most important poetic talents by his contemporaries
1766 James Quin an English actor of Irish descent.
1773 Alexis Piron a French epigrammatist and dramatist.
1774 Mustafa III the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1757 to 1774. He was a son of Sultan Ahmed III and was succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid He was born in Edirne. His mother was Âminā Mihr-î-Shâh Sultan
1774 Florian Leopold Gassmann a German-speaking Bohemian opera composer of the transitional period between the baroque and classical eras. He was one of the principal composers of dramma giocoso immediately before Mozart
1775 Yemelyan Pugachev a pretender to the Russian throne who led a great Cossack insurrection during the reign of Catherine Alexander Pushkin wrote a notable history of the rebellion, The History of Pugachev, and he recounted some of the events in his novel The Captain's Daughter.
1789 Baron d'Holbach a French-German author, philosopher, encyclopedist and a prominent figure in the French Enlightenment. He was born Paul Heinrich Dietrich in Edesheim, near Landau in the Rhenish Palatinate, but lived and worked mainly in Paris, where he kept a salon. He was well known for his atheism and for his voluminous writings against religion, the most famous of them being The System of Nature
1789 Paul Erdmann Isert a German botanist. Isert was born in Angermünde/Brandenburg, but educated He was the first scientist to identify the bird Red Bishop Euplectes orix franciscana '. He is also known for his attempts to end the Danish-Norwegian slave trade
1793 Louis XVI of France King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, after which he was subsequently King of the French from 1791 to 1792, before his deposition and execution during the French Revolution. His father, Louis, Dauphin of France, was the son and heir apparent of Louis XV of France. As a result of the Dauphin's death in 1765, Louis succeeded his grandfather in 1774
1795 Samuel Wallis an English navigator who circumnavigated the world.
1795 Michel Corrette a French organist, composer and author of musical method books.
1809 Josiah Hornblower an English engineer and statesman in America Belleville, New Jersey. He was a delegate for New Jersey in the Continental Congress in 1785 and 1786
1810 John Shortland a naval officer, the eldest son of John Shortland. Shortland joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman and went to Quebec in a transport commanded by his father. From 1783 to 1787 he served in the West Indies. In 1787 he was master's mate in the Sirius when the First Fleet sailed for Australia. Shortland spent nearly five years in Australia including time on Norfolk Island where Sirius was wrecked in 1790. In 1792 he returned to England
1811 Jean Chalgrin a French architect, best known for his design for the Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
1814 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre a French writer and botanist. He is best known for his 1788 novel Paul et Virginie, now largely forgotten, but in the 19th century a very popular children's book
1815 Matthias Claudius a German poet, otherwise known by the penname of “Asmus”.
1823 Cayetano José Rodríguez an Argentine cleric, journalist and poet. He was a representative to the Congress of Tucumán of 9 July 1816 which declared the Independence of Argentina
1830 Anastasios Karatasos considered to be the most important revolutionary from Macedonia.
1831 Ludwig Achim von Arnim a German poet and novelist, and, together with Clemens Brentano and Joseph von Eichendorff, a leading figure of German Romanticism.
1836 Maria Cristina of Savoy the first Queen consort of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies. She died as a result of childbirth