January 21 events in history

763 The Battle of Bakhamra between Alids and Abbasids near Kufa ends in a decisive Abbasid victory
1525 The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is founded when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union
1535 Following the Affair of the Placards, French Protestants are burned at the stake in front of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris
1720 Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Stockholm
1749 The Teatro Filarmonico in Verona is destroyed by fire. It is rebuilt in 1754
1774 Abdul Hamid I became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam
1789 The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, is printed in Boston, Massachusetts
1793 After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France is executed by guillotine
1840 Jules Dumont d'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica
1861 American Civil War: Jefferson Davis resigns from the United States Senate
1864 The Tauranga Campaign begins during the Maori Wars
1887 465 millimetres (18.3 in) of rain falls in Brisbane, a record for any Australian capital city
1893 The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, is formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana
1899 Opel manufactures its first automobile
1908 New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to have the measure vetoed by the mayor
1911 The first Monte Carlo Rally takes place
1915 Kiwanis International is founded in Detroit, Michigan
1919 Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopts Ireland's first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary
1925 Albania declares itself a republic
1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia
1941 Sparked by the murder of a German officer in Bucharest, Romania, the day before, members of the Iron Guard engaged in a rebellion and pogrom killing 125 Jews
1948 The Flag of Quebec is adopted and flown for the first time over the National Assembly of Quebec. The day is marked annually as Quebec Flag Day
1950 American lawyer and government official Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury
1954 The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States
1958 The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashes, killing the pilot and winch-operator
1960 Little Joe 1B, a Mercury spacecraft, lifts off from Wallops Island, Virginia with Miss Sam, a female rhesus monkey on board
1960 Avianca Flight 671 crashes and burns upon landing at Montego Bay, Jamaica, killing 37. It is the worst air disaster in Jamaica's history and the first for Avianca
1961 435 workers are buried alive when a mine in Coalbrook, Free State collapses
1968 Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins
1968 A B-52 bomber crashes near Thule Air Base, contaminating the area after its nuclear payload ruptures. One of the four bombs remains unaccounted for after the cleanup operation is complete
1971 The current Emley Moor transmitting station, the tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, begins transmitting UHF broadcasts
1976 Commercial service of Concorde begins with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes
1977 President of the United States Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada
1981 Production of the iconic DeLorean DMC-12 sports car begins in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland
1997 The U.S. House of Representatives votes 395–28 to reprimand Newt Gingrich for ethics violations, making him the first Speaker of the House to be so disciplined
1999 War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepts a ship with over 4,300 kilograms (9,500 lb) of cocaine on board
2000 Ecuador: After the Ecuadorian Congress is seized by indigenous organizations, Col. Lucio Gutierrez, Carlos Solorzano and Antonio Vargas depose President Jamil Mahuad. Gutierrez is later replaced by Gen. Carlos Mendoza, who resigns and allows Vice-President Gustavo Noboa to succeed Mahuad
2003 A 7.6 magnitude earthquake strikes the Mexican state of Colima, killing 29 and leaving approximately 10,000 people homeless
2004 NASA's MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies in the management of its flash memory and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6
2005 In Belmopan, Belize, the unrest over the government's new taxes erupts into riots