January 22 in history

January 22 events chronologically

565 Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus
613 Constantine (8-month-old) is crowned as co-emperor (Caesar) by his father Heraclius at Constantinople
1506 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican
1517 The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya
1521 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms
1555 The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now present-day Burma
1689 The Convention Parliament convenes to determine whether James II and VII, the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland, had vacated the thrones when he fled to France in 1688

Top 7 most famous people born on January 22

1561 Francis Bacon an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution
1788 Lord Byron an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric She Walks in Beauty
1849 August Strindberg a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter. A prolific writer who often drew directly on his personal experience, Strindberg's career spanned four decades, during which time he wrote over 60 plays and more than 30 works of fiction, autobiography, history, cultural analysis, and politics. A bold experimenter and iconoclast throughout, he explored a wide range of dramatic methods and purposes, from naturalistic tragedy, monodrama, and history plays, to his anticipations of expressionist and surrealist dramatic techniques. From his earliest work, Strindberg developed innovative forms of dramatic action, language, and visual composition. He is considered the "father" of modern Swedish literature and his The Red Room has frequently been described as the first modern Swedish novel
1869 Grigori Rasputin a Russian peasant, mystical faith healer and private adviser to the Romanovs. He became an influential figure in Saint Petersburg, especially after August 1915 when Tsar Nicolas II took command of the army at the front
1891 Antonio Gramsci an Italian Marxist theoretician and politician. He wrote on political theory, sociology and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime. Gramsci is best known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies
1906 Robert E. Howard an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. He is well known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre
1909 U Thant a Burmese marvelous diplomat and the third Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1961 to 1971.

Top 7 most famous people died on January 22

1666 Shah Jahan the fifth Mughal Emperor of India. He is also known as Shah Jahan He ruled from 1628 until 1658
1901 Queen Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India
1922 Pope Benedict XV Pope from 3 September 1914 to his death in 1922. His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I and its political, social and humanitarian consequences in Europe
1973 Lyndon B. Johnson the 36th President of the United States , a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President. Johnson, a Democrat from Texas, served as a United States Representative from 1937 to 1949 and as a United States Senator from 1949 to 1961, including six years as Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader and two as Senate Majority Whip. He campaigned unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination in 1960, but ran as Vice President with John Kennedy heading the ticket for the 1960 presidential election. After their election, Johnson succeeded Kennedy following the latter's assassination on November 22, 1963; he completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in his own right in the 1964 election, winning by a large margin over Barry Goldwater. He is one of four people who served in both offices of the executive branch as well as both houses of Congress
2008 Heath Ledger an Australian actor and director. After performing roles in Australian television and film during the 1990s, Ledger left for the United States in 1998 to develop his film career. His work comprised nineteen films, including 10 Things I Hate About You , The Patriot , A Knight's Tale , Monster's Ball , Ned Kelly , The Brothers Grimm , Lords of Dogtown , Brokeback Mountain , Casanova , Candy , I'm Not There , The Dark Knight , and The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. He also produced and directed music videos and aspired to be a film director
2010 Iskandar of Johor the eighth Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, from 26 April 1984 to 25 April 1989. He succeeded his father, Sultan Ismail, to become the 24th Sultan of Johor upon the former's death in 1981. Sultan Iskandar's reign lasted for almost 29 years until his death in January 2010, upon which he was succeeded by his oldest son, Ibrahim
2012 Joe Paterno an American college football player and coach who was the head coach of the Penn State Nittany Lions from 1966 to 2011. His career ended with his dismissal from the team as a result of the Penn State child sex abuse scandal