January 22 events in history

565 Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus
613 Constantine (8-month-old) is crowned as co-emperor (Caesar) by his father Heraclius at Constantinople
1506 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican
1517 The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya
1521 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms
1555 The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now present-day Burma
1689 The Convention Parliament convenes to determine whether James II and VII, the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland, had vacated the thrones when he fled to France in 1688
1824 The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast
1849 Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender
1863 The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish–Lithuanian–Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia
1877 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices
1879 Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana – Zulu troops decisively defeat British troops
1879 Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift – 139 British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an onslaught by three to four thousand Zulu warriors
1889 Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C
1890 The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio
1899 Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation
1901 Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria
1905 Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution
1906 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
1915 Over 600 people are killed in Guadalajara, Mexico, when a train plunges off the tracks into a deep canyon
1917 World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe
1919 Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic
1924 Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1927 Teddy Wakelam gives the first live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury
1941 World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass
1944 World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio, Italy
1946 In Iran, Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president and Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister
1946 Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency
1947 KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood, California
1957 Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula
1957 The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs
1959 Knox Mine disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed
1962 The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership
1963 The Élysée Treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer
1968 Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space
1968 Operation Igloo White, a US electronic surveillance system to stop communist infiltration into South Vietnam begins installation
1969 A gunman attempts to assassinate Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev
1970 The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport
1971 The Singapore Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations, is issued
1973 The crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the completion of the final Apollo moon landing mission
1973 The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states
1973 A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killing 176
1984 The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial
1987 Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself during a televised press conference, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism
1987 Philippine security forces open fire on a crowd of 10,000–15,000 demonstrators at Malacañan Palace, Manila, killing 13
1990 Robert Tappan Morris is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm
1991 Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks
1992 Space Shuttle program: Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman and the first neurologist in space
1992 Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation
1995 Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre – In central Israel, near Netanya, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis