Died on January 24

41 Julia Drusilla (daughter of Caligula) the only child and daughter of Roman Emperor Gaius and his fourth and last wife Milonia Caesonia. One-year-old Julia Drusilla was assassinated along with her parents on 24 January 41
817 Pope Stephen IV Pope from June 816 to his death in 817.
847 Pope Sergius II Pope from January 844 to his death in 847.
863 Charles of Provence the Carolingian King of Provence from 855 until his early death in 863.
1046 Eckard II Margrave of Meissen the margrave of Meissen from 1038 until his death, succeeding his brother, Herman His line was descended from Eckard He was the last of his dynasty, with his death the Ekkehardinger margraves died out.
1125 David IV of Georgia a king of Georgia from 1089 until his death in 1125.
1336 Alfonso IV of Aragon the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1327 to his death. He was born in Naples, the second son of James II and Blanche of Anjou. His reign saw the incorporation of the County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens, and Duchy of Neopatria into the Crown of Aragon
1349 Luchino Visconti (died 1349) lord of Milan from 1339 to 1349. He was also a condottiero, and lord of Pavia
1360 John de Vere 7th Earl of Oxford the nephew and heir of Robert de Vere, 6th Earl of Oxford who succeeded as Earl of Oxford in 1331, after his uncle died without issue.
1376 Richard FitzAlan 10th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman and medieval military leader.
1473 Conrad Paumann a German organist, lutenist and composer of the early Renaissance. Even though he was born blind, he was one of the most talented musicians of the 15th century, and his performances created a sensation wherever he went. He is grouped among the composers known as the Colorists
1525 Franciabigio an Italian painter of the Florentine Renaissance. His true name may have been Francesco di Cristofano, however he also is referred to as either Marcantonio Franciabigio or Francia Bigio
1595 Ferdinand II Archduke of Austria ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was married to Philippine Welser in his first marriage. In his second marriage to Anna Juliana Gonzaga, he was the father of Anna of Tyrol, the would-be Holy Roman Empress
1618 Henry Brooke 11th Baron Cobham an English peer who was implicated in the Main Plot against the rule of James I of England.
1626 Samuel Argall an English adventurer and naval officer.
1639 Jörg Jenatsch a Swiss political leader during the Thirty Years' War. One of the most striking figures in the troubled history of the Grisons in the 17th century, he was probably born in Samedan
1657 Claude Duke of Chevreuse a French noble and husband of Marie de Rohan. He was the Duke of Chevreuse, a title which is today used by the Duke of Luynes
1666 Johann Andreas Herbst a German composer and music theorist of the early Baroque era. He was a contemporary of Michael Praetorius and Heinrich Schütz, and like them, assisted in importing the grand Venetian style and the other features of the early Baroque into Protestant Germany
1678 Joan Maetsuycker the Governor of Zeylan during the Dutch period in Ceylon and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1653 to 1678. He was appointed as Governor of Zeylan in 24 March 1646 and was Governor until 26 February 1650. He was succeeded by Jacob van Kittensteyn
1709 George Rooke an English naval commander. He is known for his service in the wars against France and particularly remembered today for his victory at Vigo Bay and for capturing Gibraltar for England in 1704, during the War of the Spanish Succession
1737 William Wake a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1716 until his death in 1737.
1769 François de Chevert a French general.
1773 Philippe Buache a French geographer.
1780 Hiraga Gennai well known for his Erekiteru , Kandankei and Kakanpu. He also wrote the satirical essay "On Farting."
1822 Ali Pasha a Muslim Albanian ruler who served as an Ottoman pasha of the western part of Rumelia, the Ottoman Empire's European territory, which was referred to as the Pashalik of Yanina. His court was in Ioannina, but the territory he governed incorporated most of Epirus and the western parts of Thessaly and Greek Macedonia in Northern Greece. Ali had three sons: Ahmet Muhtar Pasha , Veli Pasha of Morea and Salih Pasha of Vlore
1824 Ercole Consalvi a deacon and cardinal of the Catholic Church, who served twice as Cardinal Secretary of State for the Papal States and who played a crucial role in the post-Napoleonic reassertion of the legitimist principle of the divine right of kings, of which he was a constant supporter.
1837 Joseph Sabine an English lawyer, naturalist and writer on horticulture.
1843 Vasily Orlov-Denisov a Cossack Russian general. He was the son of Vasily Petrovich Orlov, Ataman of the Don Cossacks, and grandson of the first Earl of the Cossacks, General of Cavalry, Fedor Petrovich Denisov. In honour of his grandfather he added his surname to his own, becoming Orlov-Denisov on 26 April 1801
1851 Gaspare Spontini an Italian opera composer and conductor.
1852 Ján Kollár a Slovak writer , archaeologist, scientist, politician, and main ideologist of Pan-Slavism.
1855 Aleksandr Vitberg a Russian Neoclassical architect of Swedish stock.
1862 Zinaida Volkonskaya a Russian writer, poet, singer, composer, salonist and lady in waiting.
1865 Stephen Allen Benson served as the 2nd President of Liberia from 1856 to 1864. Prior to that, he served as the 3rd Vice President of Liberia from 1854 to 1856 under President Joseph Jenkins Roberts
1871 Wilhelm Weitling an important 19th-century European radical.
1872 Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg a German philosopher and philologist.
1877 Johann Christian Poggendorff a German physicist born in Hamburg. By far the greater and more important part of his work related to electricity and magnetism. Poggendorff is known for his electrostatic motor which is analogous to Wilhelm Holtz's electrostatic machine. In 1841 he described the use of the potentiometer for measurement of electrical potentials without current draw
1878 Pieter Bleeker a Dutch medical doctor, ichthyologist and herpetologist. He was famous for the Atlas Ichthyologique des Orientales Neerlandaises, his monumental work on the fishes of East Asia; it was published between 1862 and 1877
1880 Friedrich Feuerbach a German philologist and philosopher. In the 1840s he played an important role disseminating materialist and atheist philosophy
1880 José Gautier Benítez a Puerto Rican poet of the Romantic Era.
1881 James Collinson a Victorian painter who was a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood from 1848 to 1850.
1882 Levi Boone Day Boone served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the American Party.
1883 Friedrich von Flotow a German composer. He is chiefly remembered for his opera Martha, which was popular in the 19th century
1884 Johann Christian Gebauer a Danish composer, organist and music theorist.
1886 Stanisław Krusiński a Polish economist, sociologist and political activists. One of the first Polish Marxists. With his colleagues , he translated Karl Marx's Capital into Polish
1891 Karl Stauffer-Bern a Swiss painter, etcher and sculptor.
1893 Isaac Mayer Dick a Russian Hebraist and novelist.
1894 Alexander von Middendorff a Baltic German zoologist and explorer.
1895 Lord Randolph Churchill a British statesman. He was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough, and his wife, Lady Frances Vane. He was the father of Winston Churchill, the future wartime Prime Minister, who wrote his father's first major biography
1896 Nikolay Strakhov a Russian philosopher, publicist and literary critic who shared the ideals of pochvennichestvo. He was a long-time friend and correspondent of Leo Tolstoy
1897 Alfred Isidore Romer a Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian painter, sculptor, carver and medalist, participant of the January Uprising against the Russian Empire.