Born on January 26

967 Emperor Kazan the 65th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1143 Ali ibn Yusuf the 5th Almoravid king he reigned 1106–1143.
1436 Henry Beaufort 3rd Duke of Somerset an important Lancastrian military commander during the English Wars of the Roses. He is sometimes numbered the 2nd Duke of Somerset, since the title was re-created for his father after his uncle died. He also held the subsidiary titles of 5th Earl of Somerset, 2nd Marquess of Dorset and 2nd Earl of Dorset
1467 Guillaume Budé a French scholar.
1495 Emperor Go-Nara the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from June 9, 1526 until September 27, 1557, during the Sengoku period. His personal name was Tomohito. In older English literature, he may also be referred to as Nara II
1541 Florent Chrestien a French satirist and Latin poet.
1555 Charles II Lord of Monaco Lord of Monaco from 7 October 1581 to 17 May 1589.
1582 Giovanni Lanfranco an Italian painter of the Baroque period.
1595 Antonio Maria Abbatini an Italian composer, active mainly in Rome.
1657 William Wake a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1716 until his death in 1737.
1670 Jacob van Schuppen an Austrian Baroque painter.
1708 William Hayes (composer) an English composer, organist, singer and conductor.
1714 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle a French sculptor.
1715 Claude Adrien Helvétius a French philosopher and littérateur.
1716 George Germain 1st Viscount Sackville a British soldier and politician who was Secretary of State for America in Lord North's cabinet during the American War of Independence.
1722 Alexander Carlyle a Scottish church leader, and autobiographer.
1739 Charles François Dumouriez a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars. He shared the victory at Valmy with General François Christophe Kellermann, but later deserted the Revolutionary Army, became a royalist intriguer during the reign of Napoleon and an adviser to the British government
1753 Elizabeth Smith-Stanley Countess of Derby an English peeress. As the eligible eldest daughter of the 6th Duke of Hamilton, she married the 12th Earl of Derby in 1774, giving birth to three children. Lady Derby was popular among society and considered a leader of fashion alongside the Duchess of Devonshire. Five years after the marriage, Lady Derby embarked in a very public affair with the 3rd Duke of Dorset. She eventually separated from her husband, which caused a scandal and led to her effective exile from society, especially after it was learned that she would not be marrying the Duke. Lady Derby moved abroad, only returning once her husband attracted embarrassing press attention for his very public relationship with the actress Elizabeth Farren, whom he married soon after Lady Derby's death in 1797
1754 Jean Baron de Batz a French royalist and businessman. He was born in Goutz-les-Tartas , and died in Chadieu, near Vic-le-Comte
1759 James Maitland 8th Earl of Lauderdale Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland and a representative peer for Scotland in the House of Lords.
1761 Jens Zetlitz a Norwegian priest and poet.
1763 Charles XIV John of Sweden King of Sweden and King of Norway from 1818 until his death and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818. When he became Swedish royalty, he had also been the Sovereign Prince of Pontecorvo in Southern Italy from 1806 until 1810 , but then stopped using that title
1781 Ludwig Achim von Arnim a German poet and novelist, and, together with Clemens Brentano and Joseph von Eichendorff, a leading figure of German Romanticism.
1786 Benjamin Haydon an English painter, specialising in grand historical pictures, although he also painted a few contemporary subjects and, with some reluctance, portraits. His commercial success was damaged by his often tactless dealings with patrons, and by the enormous scale on which he preferred to work. He was troubled by financial problems throughout his life, which led to several periods of imprisonment for debt. He committed suicide in 1846
1787 Aleksandr Vitberg a Russian Neoclassical architect of Swedish stock.
1790 Claude François Lallemand a French physician.
1795 Policarpa Salavarrieta a Neogranadine seamstress who spied for the Revolutionary Forces during the Spanish Reconquista of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. She was captured by Spanish Royalists and ultimately executed for high treason. She is now considered a heroine of the independence of Colombia
1797 Matija Čop a Slovene linguist, literary historian and critic.
1800 Johann Gerhard Oncken a pioneer German Baptist preacher, variously referred to as the "Father of Continental Baptists", the "Father of German Baptists" and the "Apostle of European Baptists". Oncken, Gottfried Wilhelm Lehmann , and Julius Wilhelm Köbner were known as the Baptist cloverleaf. G. Oncken helped direct and guide the growth of Baptists throughout Germany and across much of Europe for half a century
1802 Casimir Lefaucheux a French gunsmith. He was born in Bonnétable and died in Paris
1813 Juan Pablo Duarte one of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic. He was a visionary and liberal thinker, who along with Francisco del Rosario Sánchez and Matías Ramón Mella, is widely considered to be the architect of the Dominican Republic and its independence from Haitian rule in 1844. He would help create the political-military organization La Trinitaria to fight against the Haitian occupation, achieve independence, and a create a self-sufficient nation established on the liberal ideals of a democratic government
1816 Eugenio Agneni an Italian painter, mainly of historic canvases.
1817 Jean-Baptiste André Godin a French industrialist, writer and political theorist, and social innovator. A manufacturer of cast-iron stoves and influenced by Charles Fourier, he developed and built an industrial and residential community within Guise called the Familistère. He ultimately converted it to cooperative ownership and management by workers
1822 Pavel Yakushkin a Russian author, ethnographer and folklore collector.
1826 Julia Grant the wife of the 18th President of the United States, Ulysses Grant, and was First Lady of the United States from 1869 to 1877.
1829 Ivane Amilakhvari a Georgian nobleman and a military commander in the Imperial Russian service.
1831 Heinrich Anton de Bary a German surgeon, botanist, microbiologist, and mycologist.
1831 Mary Mapes Dodge an American children's writer and editor, best known for her novel Hans Brinker.
1832 George Shiras Jr. an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States who was nominated to the Court by Republican President Benjamin Harrison. At that time, he had 37 years of private legal practice, but had never judged a case. Shiras's only public service before he became a justice was as a federal elector in 1888, almost four years before his nomination in 1892
1833 Josef Barák a Czech politician, journalist, and poet. He was a member of the Májovci literary group
1841 Franziskus von Sales Bauer an Austro-Hungarian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Olomouc from 1904 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1911
1842 François Coppée a French poet and novelist.
1843 Erdmann Encke a German sculptor.
1846 Vladimir Makovsky a Russian painter, art collector, and teacher.
1847 John Bates Clark an American neoclassical economist. He was one of the pioneers of the marginalist revolution and opponent to the Institutionalist school of economics, and spent most of his career teaching at Columbia University
1852 Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza an Italian explorer, born in the Papal States and later naturalized as a Frenchman. With the backing of the Société de Géographie de Paris, he opened up for France entry along the right bank of the Congo that eventually led to French colonies in Central Africa. His easy manner and great physical charm, as well as his pacific approach among Africans, were his trademarks. Under French colonial rule, the capital of the Republic of the Congo was named Brazzaville after him and the name was retained by the post-colonial rulers
1852 Frederick Corder an English composer and music teacher.
1853 Ivan Grigorovich Konstantinovich Grigorovich served as Imperial Russia's last Naval Minister from 1911 until the onset of revolution in 1917.
1853 Anto Gvozdenović a Montenegrin, Russian, and French general, a member of the Imperial Russian Privy Council, and a diplomat and statesman. He was the ambassador of Montenegro to the United States of America and was the President of the Government-in-exile of Montenegro for two terms and the Regent to King Michael I
1854 George Francis Atkinson an American botanist and mycologist.:6-8.