Died on January 26

724 Yazid II an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 720 until his death in 724.
738 John of Dailam a 7th-century East Syrian Christian saint and monk, who founded several monasteries in Mesopotamia and Persia.
946 Eadgyth the daughter of Edward the Elder, and the wife of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor.
1080 Amadeus II Count of Savoy the Count of Savoy from 1078 to 1080. His life is obscure and few documents mention him. During his reign he was overshadowed by his mother, but he had good relations with the Papacy and, for a time, the Holy Roman Emperor
1109 Alberic of Cîteaux O.Cist. sometimes known as Aubrey of Cîteaux, was a French monk and abbot, one of the founders of the Cistercian Order. He is now honored as a saint
1188 Eysteinn Erlendsson Archbishop of Nidaros from 1161 to his death in 1188.
1275 Ulrich von Liechtenstein a minnesinger and poet of the Middle Ages. He wrote poetry in Middle High German and was author of noted works about how knights and nobles may lead more virtuous lives. Ulrich was member of a wealthy and influential ministerialis family from Styria. He was born about 1200 at Murau in the Duchy of Styria, located in the present-day State of Austria. His family, a cadet branch of the Bavarian Aribonids named after their castle palace seat in Liechtenstein south-east of Judenburg, was not affiliated with the Austrian House of Liechtenstein
1410 Bartolo di Fredi an Italian painter, born in Siena, classified as a member of the Sienese School.
1425 Catherine of Burgundy the second daughter of Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders. She was Duchess of Further Austria
1567 Nicholas Wotton an English diplomat.
1568 Lady Catherine Grey the younger sister of Lady Jane Grey. A granddaughter of Henry VIII's sister Mary, she was a potential successor to her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England, but incurred Elizabeth's wrath by her secret marriage to Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford. Following her arrest when the queen was informed of her clandestine marriage, she lived in captivity until her death, having borne two sons in the Tower of London
1574 Martin Helwig a German cartographer of and from Silesia and pedagogue. He was born in Neisse and died in Breslau, Holy Roman Empire
1582 Thomas Platter a Swiss humanist scholar and writer.
1630 Henry Briggs (mathematician) an English mathematician notable for changing the original logarithms invented by John Napier into common logarithms, which are sometimes known as Briggsian logarithms in his honour.
1636 Jean Hotman Marquis de Villers-St-Paul a French diplomat. Although he came from a Calvinist family, who had been exiled during the French Wars of Religion, Jean, through cultivating connections with Henry IV eventually was restored to a portion of his patrimony
1640 Jindrich Matyas Thurn a Bohemian nobleman, one of leaders of Protestant revolt against Emperor Ferdinand II and in events that led to the Thirty Years War, and in the end a military leader and diplomat in Swedish service, who eventually resided in Swedish Estonia.
1675 Domenico II Contarini the 104th Doge of Venice, reigning from his election on October 16, 1659 until his death.
1720 Adam Veyde a Russian infantry general and a close associate of Peter the Great.
1721 Pierre Daniel Huet a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physique in Caen and Bishop of Soissons from 1685 to 1689 and afterwards of Avranches.
1725 Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani a Georgian writer.
1747 Willem van Mieris an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands.
1750 Albert Schultens a Dutch philologist.
1752 Jean François de Troy a French Rococo painter and tapestry designer. He was one of a family of painters, being the son of the portrait painter François de Troy , under whom he first studied, and at whose expense he first went to Italy from 1699 to 1706, staying in Rome, but also visiting many north Italian cities
1775 Shuja-ud-Daula the Subedar Nawab of Oudh from 5 October 1754 to 26 January 1775.
1779 Thomas Hudson (painter) an English portrait painter.
1786 Hans Joachim von Zieten a cavalry general in the Prussian Army. He served in numerous wars and battles during the reign of Frederick the Great
1795 Grand Duchess Olga Pavlovna of Russia a Grand Duchess of Russia as the second youngest daughter and seventh child of Emperor Paul I of Russia and his empress consort, Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.
1799 Gabriel Christie (British Army officer) a British Army General from Scotland, who settled in Montreal after the French and Indian War. Following the British Conquest of New France, he invested in land and became one of the largest landowners in the British Province of Quebec
1804 José Nicolás de Azara a Spanish diplomat.
1823 Edward Jenner an English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine. He is often called "the father of immunology", and his work is said to have "saved more lives than the work of any other human"
1824 Théodore Géricault an influential French painter and lithographer, known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings. Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement
1828 Lady Caroline Lamb a British aristocrat and novelist, best known for her affair with Lord Byron in 1812. Her husband was William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, who later became Prime Minister. However, she was never the Viscountess Melbourne because she died before Melbourne succeeded to the peerage; hence, she is known to history as Lady Caroline Lamb
1831 Sangolli Rayanna a prominent warrior from Karnataka, India. Rayanna was born on 15 August 1798. He was the army chief of the Kingdom of Kittur ruled at the time by Rani Chennamma and fought the British East India Company till his death. His life was the subject of the 2012 Kannada film Sangolli Rayanna
1831 Richard Paul Jodrell a classical scholar and playwright.
1831 Anton Delvig a Russian poet and journalist who studied in the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum together with Alexander Pushkin, and Wilhelm Küchelbecker with whom he became close friends. Küchelbecker dedicated a poem to him. Delvig commissioned a portrait of Pushkin from Orest Kiprensky which Pushkin bought from Delvig's widow after his friend's death
1846 Ildefonso Díez de Rivera Count of Almodóvar a Spanish noble and politician who served as Minister of State in 1836 and as President of the Senate.
1847 William Clowes (printer) a printer who developed the use of steam-powered printing presses in the industry. He founded the printing firm which became William Clowes Ltd. in London in 1803
1849 Thomas Lovell Beddoes an English poet, dramatist and physician.
1855 Gérard de Nerval the nom-de-plume of the French writer, poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie, one of the most essentially Romantic of French poets.
1856 Joseph Marshall Walker a Louisiana soldier and politician. He was the 13th Governor of Louisiana, from 1850-1853
1861 Samuel Slocum an American inventor from Poughkeepsie, New York. He was born in Jamestown, RI, son of Peleg Slocum and Anne Dyer Slocum. He was raised in Usquepaugh, RI, a village in South Kingstown, RI, where a William Lockwood sometime after 1772, first invented the common pin with a head, to keep it from slipping through cloth. Samuel was the 6th of 8 children. He worked as a carpenter before he decided to move to London and become a pin maker. He married Susan Stanton Slocum in 1817 at Richmond, RI, and had three children, Samuel Dyer Slocum, Mary Slocum, and John Stanton Slocum
1862 Marie Melchior Joseph Théodore de Lagrené a French legislator and diplomat, who hailed from an old family from Picardie. He joined the French diplomatic service at a young age and served in the foreign ministry under Mathieu de Montmorency and accompanied him to the Congress of Verona in 1822. The following year, Lagrené became an envoy at the French embassy in Russia and he subsequently fulfilled the same function at the French embassy in Constantinople. In 1828, he obtained the rank of ambassador while serving at the French embassy in Madrid. Lagrené remained in office after the establishment of the July Monarchy in 1830 and held a number of prominent position in the French foreign service
1864 Otto Lindblad a Swedish composer. He is most famous for the musical score of Kungssången, the Swedish royal anthem
1864 Leo von Klenze a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, Leo von Klenze was one of the most prominent representatives of Greek revival style
1867 Alexandre Pierre Freslon a French Lawyer who became a representative in the Constituent Assembly and Minister of Public Education and Religion in 1848.
1869 Duncan Gordon Boyes an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He won the award during the Shimonoseki Expedition, Japan in 1864
1869 Ernest Charles Jones an English poet, novelist, and Chartist.
1872 Nikolay Milyutin a Russian statesman remembered as the chief architect of the great liberal reforms undertaken during Alexander II's reign, including the emancipation of the serfs and the establishment of zemstvo.
1873 Amélie of Leuchtenberg Empress of Brazil as the wife of Pedro I of Brazil.
1875 George Finlay a Scottish historian.