January 27 events in history

98 Trajan succeeded his adoptive father Nerva as Roman emperor; under his rule the Roman Empire would reach its maximum extent
661 The Rashidun Caliphate ends with the death of Ali
1142 Song Dynasty General Yue Fei is executed
1186 Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, marries Constance of Sicily
1302 Dante Alighieri, the poet and politician is exiled from Florence, Italy, where he served as one of six priors governing the city
1343 Pope Clement VI issues the papal bull Unigenitus to justify the power of the pope and the use of indulgences. Nearly 200 years later, Martin Luther would protest this
1593 The Vatican opens the seven-year trial of scholar Giordano Bruno
1606 Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, ending with their execution on January 31
1695 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his abdication in 1703
1776 American Revolutionary War: Henry Knox's "noble train of artillery" arrives in Cambridge, Massachusetts
1785 The University of Georgia is founded, the first public university in the United States
1825 The U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears"
1868 Boshin War: The Battle of Toba-Fushimi between forces of the Tokugawa shogunate and pro-Imperial factions begins, which will end in defeat for the shogunate, and is a pivotal point in the Meiji Restoration
1869 Boshin War: Tokugawa rebels establish the Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō
1870 The Kappa Alpha Theta fraternity is founded at DePauw University
1888 The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C
1909 The Young Left is founded in Norway
1927 Ibn Saud takes the title of King of Nejd
1939 First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning
1943 World War II: The VIII Bomber Command dispatched ninety-one B-17s and B-24s to attack the U-Boat construction yards at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. This was the first American bombing attack on Germany of the war
1944 World War II: The 900-day Siege of Leningrad is lifted
1945 World War II: The Red Army liberates the remained inmates of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp built by the Nazi Germans on the territory of Poland
1951 Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat
1961 Soviet submarine S-80 sinks with all hands lost
1967 Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of their Apollo 1 spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida
1967 The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Outer Space Treaty in Washington, D.C., banning deployment of nuclear weapons in space, and limiting use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes
1973 The Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War. Colonel William Nolde is killed in action becoming the conflict's last recorded American combat casualty
1974 The Brisbane River breaches its banks causing the largest flood to affect the city of Brisbane in the 20th century
1980 Through cooperation between the U.S. and Canadian governments, six American diplomats secretly escape hostilities in Iran in the culmination of the Canadian Caper
1983 The pilot shaft of the Seikan Tunnel, the world's longest sub-aqueous tunnel (53.85 km) between the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō, breaks through
1984 Pop singer Michael Jackson suffers second degree burns to his scalp during the filming of a Pepsi commercial in the Shrine Auditorium
1993 American-born sumo wrestler Akebono Tarō becomes the first foreigner to be promoted to the sport's highest rank of yokozuna
1996 In a military coup Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane
1996 Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day
2002 An explosion at a military storage facility in Lagos, Nigeria, kills at least 1,100 people and displaces over 20,000 others
2003 The first selections for the National Recording Registry are announced by the Library of Congress
2006 Western Union discontinues its Telegram and Commercial Messaging services
2010 The 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis ends when Porfirio Lobo Sosa becomes the new President of Honduras
2011 Arab Spring: The Yemeni Revolution begins as over 16,000 protestors demonstrate in Sana'a
2013 242 people die in a nightclub fire in the city of Santa Maria, Brazil