Died on January 28

592 Guntram the king of Burgundy from 561 to 592. He was a son of Chlothar I and Ingunda. On his father's death , he became king of a fourth of the kingdom of the Franks, and made his capital at Orléans
814 Charlemagne the King of the Franks from 768, the King of Italy from 774, and from 800 the first emperor in western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state he founded is called the Carolingian Empire
1061 Spytihněv II Duke of Bohemia the duke of Bohemia from March 1055 until his death in 1061. He was the eldest son of Bretislaus His coronation was celebrated with the first known rendition of Lord, Have Mercy on After succeeding to the throne, he went at once to Regensburg to receive imperial confirmation. This loyalty to the Holy Roman Empire did not prevent him from expelling all Germans from his lands. This new anti-German policy continued to his death
1227 Henry Borwin I Lord of Mecklenburg the ruling Lord of Mecklenburg from 1178 until his death. Sometimes a Latinized version of his name is used ; the form Buruwe is also found, as are Henricus Buruwi, Heinricus Buriwoi, Hinricus Burwy
1256 William II of Holland a Count of Holland and Zeeland. He was elected as German anti-king in 1247 and remained king until his death
1271 Isabella of Aragon Queen of France by marriage Queen consort of France from 1270 to 1271.
1290 Dervorguilla of Galloway a 'lady of substance' in 13th century Scotland, the wife from 1223 of John, 5th Baron de Balliol, and mother of John I, a future king of Scotland.
1443 Robert le Maçon chancellor of France, advisor to Charles VII and supporter of Joan of Arc.
1445 Henri Bellechose a painter from the South Netherlands. He was one of the most significant artists at the beginning of panel painting in Northern Europe, and among the earliest artists of Early Netherlandish painting
1528 Philip of Cleves Lord of Ravenstein a nobleman from the Low Countries and army commander, first for Maximilian of Austria, then for Flemish rebels and the kingdom of France.
1538 Marino Caracciolo a Neapolitan cardinal and diplomat in the service of Emperor Charles V.
1547 Henry VIII of England King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was Lord, and later assumed the Kingship, of Ireland, and continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty, succeeding his father, Henry VII
1606 Guillaume Costeley a French composer of the Renaissance. He was the court organist to Charles IX of France and famous for his numerous chansons, which were representative of the late development of the form; his work in this regard was part of the early development of the style known as musique mesurée. He was also one of very few 16th century French composers of music for keyboard. In addition, he was a founding member of the Académie de Poésie et de Musique along with poet Jean-Antoine de Baïf, and he was one of the earliest composers to experiment with microtonal composition
1613 Thomas Bodley an English diplomat and scholar, founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford.
1621 Pope Paul V Pope from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621.
1672 Pierre Séguier a French statesman, chancellor of France from 1635. He is known for his appearance in The Three Musketeers
1681 Richard Allestree a Royalist churchman and provost of Eton College from 1665.
1683 Julian Maunoir a French-born Jesuit priest known as the "Apostle of Brittany". He was beatified in 1951 by Pope Pius XII and is commemorated by the Roman Catholic Church on 29 January and 2 July
1687 Johannes Hevelius a councillor and mayor of Danzig , then part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. As an astronomer he gained a reputation as "the founder of lunar topography" and described ten new constellations, seven of which are still recognized by astronomers
1697 Sir John Fenwick 3rd Baronet an English Jacobite conspirator, who succeeded to the Baronetcy of Fenwick on the death of his father in 1676.
1710 Alexandre Chevalier de Chaumont the first French ambassador for King Louis XIV in Siam. He was accompanied on his mission by Abbé de Choisy, the Jesuit Guy Tachard, and Father Bénigne Vachet of the Société des Missions Étrangères de Paris. He was also bringing back to Siam the two ambassadors of the 1684 First Siamese Embassy to France
1754 Ludvig Holberg a writer, essayist, philosopher, historian and playwright born in Bergen, Norway, during the time of the Dano-Norwegian double monarchy, who spent most of his adult life in Denmark. He was influenced by Humanism, the Enlightenment and the Baroque. Holberg is considered the founder of modern Danish and Norwegian literature, and is best known for the comedies he wrote in 1722–1723 for the Lille Grønnegade Theatre in Copenhagen. Holberg's works about natural and common law were widely read by many Danish law students over two hundred years, from 1736 to 1936
1761 Francesco Feo an Italian composer, known chiefly for his operas. He was born and died in Naples, where most of his operas were premièred
1782 Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville both a geographer and cartographer who greatly improved the standards of map-making. His maps of ancient geography, characterized by careful, accurate work and based largely on original research, are especially valuable. He left unknown areas of continents blank and noted doubtful information as such; compared to the lavish maps of his predecessors, his maps looked empty
1791 Georg Christian Oeder a German-Danish botanist, medical doctor, economist and social reformer. His name is particularly associated with the initiation of the plate work Flora Danica
1794 Henri de la Rochejaquelein the youngest general of the Royalist Vendéan insurrection during the French Revolution.
1797 Antin Holovaty a prominent Zaporozhian Cossack leader who after the Zaporozhian Sich's destruction was a key figure in the formation of the Black Sea Cossack Host and their later resettlement to the Kuban Region of Russia.
1798 Christian Gottlob Neefe a German opera composer and conductor.
1806 Jean Joseph Mounier a French politician and judge.
1816 Wichard Joachim Heinrich von Möllendorf a Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia.
1817 F.L.Æ. Kunzen a German composer and conductor who lived and worked for much of his life in Denmark.
1819 Johann Karl Wezel a German poet, novelist and philosopher of the Enlightenment.
1819 Jan Kiliński one of the commanders of the Kościuszko Uprising. A shoemaker by trade, he commanded the Warsaw Uprising of 1794, an uprising against the Russian garrison in Warsaw. He also became a member of Polish provisional government
1826 Gustaf von Paykull a Swedish friherre and hovmarskalk , ornithologist and entomologist.
1830 James O'Donnell (architect) a noted Irish-American architect in New York City and Montreal.
1832 Augustin Daniel Belliard a French general.
1838 Alexander Polezhayev a controversial Russian poet, best known for his satirical poem Sashka which in 1826 resulted in his being demoted to the Caucasian Army, by a special decree of Nicolas I who's taken this daring challenge as a continuation of the Decemberists' revolt. Polezhayev continued to write satires and in the early 1830s became close to the radicals, one of whom, Alexander Hertzen, later remembered him with great warmth in his book of memoirs My Past and Thoughts. A volatile and rebellious character prone to heavy drinking, Polezhayev got involved in a series of incidents, the last of which resulted in his being punished by flogging so severe, fragments of twigs had to be extracted surgically form his back. After that, in the course of several months, Alexander Polezhayev fell ill with tuberculosis and died
1838 Sophie von Dönhoff a German lady-in-waiting and a morganatic spouse by bigamy to King Frederick William II of Prussia.
1839 William Beechey an English portrait-painter.
1845 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia the second child and daughter of Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia and Princess Charlotte of Württemberg who took the name Elena Pavlovna upon her conversion to the Orthodox faith. Through her father, Elizabeth was a granddaughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia, and a niece of both Russian emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I
1847 Pierre Amédée Jaubert a French diplomat, academic, orientalist, translator, politician, and traveler. He was Napoleon's "favourite orientalist adviser and dragoman"
1851 Baji Rao II Peshwa of the Maratha Empire, and governed from 1796 to 1818. His reign was marked by confrontations with the British
1854 Jérôme-Adolphe Blanqui a French economist. His most important contributions were made in labour economics, economic history and especially the history of economic thought, in which field his 1837 treatise has been the first major work. He was the son of French Girondin politician Jean Dominique Blanqui and the elder brother of the revolutionary, Louis Auguste Blanqui
1859 F. J. Robinson 1st Viscount Goderich Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon PC , styled The Honourable J. Robinson until 1827 and known as The Viscount Goderich /ˈɡoʊdrɪtʃ/ GOHD-rich between 1827 and 1833, the name by which he is best known to history, was a British statesman. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom between August 1827 and January 1828
1859 Carl Adolph Agardh a Swedish botanist specializing in algae, who was eventually appointed bishop of Karlstad.
1859 William H. Prescott widely recognized by historiographers to have been the first American scientific historian. Despite suffering from serious visual impairment, which at times prevented him from reading or writing for himself, Prescott became one of the most eminent historians of 19th century America. He is also noted for his eidetic memory
1861 Henri Murger a French novelist and poet.
1864 Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron a French engineer and physicist, one of the founders of thermodynamics.
1865 Felice Romani an Italian poet and scholar of literature and mythology who wrote many librettos for the opera composers Donizetti and Bellini. Romani was considered the finest Italian librettist between Metastasio and Boito
1868 Adalbert Stifter an Austrian writer, poet, painter, and pedagogue. He was especially notable for the vivid natural landscapes depicted in his writing, and has long been popular in the German-speaking world, while almost entirely unknown to English readers