January 28 events in history

1077 Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted
1393 King Charles VI of France is nearly killed when several dancers' costumes catch fire during a masquerade ball
1521 The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25
1547 Henry VIII dies. His nine-year-old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler of England
1573 Articles of the Warsaw Confederation are signed, sanctioning freedom of religion in Poland
1624 Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on the island of Saint Kitts
1701 The Chinese storm Dartsedo
1724 The Russian Academy of Sciences is founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented by Senate decree. It is called the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917
1754 Horace Walpole coins the word serendipity in a letter to Horace Mann
1760 Pownal, Vermont is created by Benning Wentworth as one of the New Hampshire Grants
1813 Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom
1820 A Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev discovers the Antarctic continent, approaching the Antarctic coast
1821 Alexander Island is first discovered by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen
1846 The Battle of Aliwal, India, is won by British troops commanded by Sir Harry Smith
1851 Northwestern University becomes the first chartered university in Illinois
1855 A locomotive on the Panama Canal Railway, runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean for the first time
1871 Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Paris ends in French defeat and an armistice
1878 Yale Daily News becomes the first daily college newspaper in the United States
1887 In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world's largest snowflakes are reported, 15 inches (38 cm) wide and 8 inches (20 cm) thick
1896 Walter Arnold of East Peckham, Kent becomes the first person to be convicted of speeding. He was fined 1 shilling, plus costs, for speeding at 8 mph (13 km/h), thus exceeding the contemporary speed limit of 2 mph (3.2 km/h)
1902 The Carnegie Institution of Washington is founded in Washington, D.C. with a $10 million gift from Andrew Carnegie
1908 Members of the Portuguese Republican Party fail in their attempted coup d'état against the administrative dictatorship of Prime Minister João Franco
1909 United States troops leave Cuba with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base after being there since the Spanish–American War
1915 An act of the U.S. Congress creates the United States Coast Guard as a branch of the United States Armed Forces
1917 Municipally-owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco
1918 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seize control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground
1922 Knickerbocker Storm, Washington D.C.'s biggest snowfall, causes the city's greatest loss of life when the roof of the Knickerbocker Theatre collapses
1932 Japanese forces attack Shanghai
1933 The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence
1934 The first ski tow in the United States begins operation in Vermont
1935 Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion
1938 The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195 at a speed of 432.7 kilometres per hour (268.9 mph)
1941 Franco-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. A Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day
1945 World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road
1956 Elvis Presley makes his first US television appearance
1958 The Lego company patents the design of its Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today
1958 The last episode of the British radio comedy programme The Goon Show is broadcast
1960 The National Football League announced expansion teams for Dallas to start in the 1960 NFL season and Minneapolis-St. Paul for 1961 NFL season
1964 An unarmed USAF T-39 Sabreliner on a training mission is shot down over Erfurt, East Germany, by a Soviet MiG-19
1965 The current design of the Flag of Canada is chosen by an act of Parliament
1977 The first day of the Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 which dumps 10 feet (3.0 m) of snow in one-day in Upstate New York, with Buffalo, Syracuse, Watertown, and surrounding areas most affected. Disintegration of the Space Shuttle Challenger
1979 CBS News Sunday Morning debuts with original host and cocreator Charles Kuralt
1979 Pope John Paul II starts his first pastoral visit to Mexico
1980 USCGC Blackthorn collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers
1981 Ronald Reagan lifts remaining domestic petroleum price and allocation controls in the United States helping to end the 1979 energy crisis and begin the 1980s oil glut
1982 US Army general James L. Dozier is rescued by Italian anti-terrorism forces from captivity by the Red Brigades
1984 Tropical Storm Domoina makes landfall in southern Mozambique, eventually causing 214 deaths and some of the most severe flooding so far recorded in the region
1985 Supergroup USA for Africa (United Support of Artists for Africa) records the hit single We Are the World, to help raise funds for Ethiopian famine relief
1986 Space Shuttle program: STS-51-L mission – Space Shuttle Challenger explodes after liftoff killing all seven astronauts on board
1988 In R. v. Morgentaler the Supreme Court of Canada strikes down all anti-abortion laws, effectively allowing abortions in Canada in all 9 months of pregnancy