Born on January 29

1234 Ottaviano dei Conti di Segni an Italian cardinal and cardinal-nephew of Pope Innocent III, his cousin who elevated him probably in May 1206. He was canon of the Vatican Basilica, Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church and protodeacon of the Sacred College of Cardinals
1475 Giuliano Bugiardini an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance period known as Mannerism, born and mainly active in Florence.
1499 Katharina von Bora the wife of Martin Luther, German leader of the Protestant Reformation. Beyond what is found in the writings of Luther and some of his contemporaries, little is known about her. Despite this, Katharina is often considered one of the most important participants of the Reformation because of her role in helping to define Protestant family life and setting the tone for clergy marriages
1584 Frederick Henry Prince of Orange the sovereign Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel from 1625 to 1647.
1632 Johann Georg Graevius a German classical scholar and critic. He was born in Naumburg, in the Electorate of Saxony
1688 Emanuel Swedenborg a Swedish scientist, philosopher, theologian, revelator, and mystic. He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell
1703 Carlmann Kolb a German priest, organist, and composer.
1711 Giuseppe Bonno an Austrian composer of Italian origin.
1715 Georg Christoph Wagenseil an Austrian composer.
1717 Jeffery Amherst 1st Baron Amherst Field Marshal Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst KCB served as an officer in the British Army and as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.
1718 Paul Rabaut a French pastor of the Huguenot "Church of the Desert".
1722 Duchess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel daughter of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
1736 Domenico Cotugno an Italian physician.
1749 Christian VII of Denmark an Oldenburg monarch who ruled as King of Denmark and Norway and Duke of Schleswig and Holstein from 1766 until his death. He was the son of King Frederick V and his first wife Louise of Great Britain
1754 Moses Cleaveland a lawyer, politician, soldier, and surveyor from Connecticut who founded the U.S. city of Cleveland, Ohio, while surveying the Western Reserve in 1796.
1755 Nicolas Fuss a Swiss mathematician, living most of his life in Russia.
1756 Henry Lee III an early American patriot who served as the ninth Governor of Virginia and as the Virginia Representative to the United States Congress. During the American Revolution, Lee served as a cavalry officer in the Continental Army and earned the nickname "Light-Horse Harry". Lee was the father of Confederate general Robert Lee
1759 Louis Augustin Guillaume Bosc a French botanist, invertebrate zoologist, and entomologist.
1761 Albert Gallatin a Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, founder of New York University, politician, diplomat, congressman, Senator and the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury. In 1831, he founded the University of the City of New York, now New York University
1762 Giuseppe Nicolini (composer) an Italian composer who wrote at least 45 operas. From 1819 onwards, he devoted himself primarily to religious music. He was born and died at Piacenza
1763 Johann Gottfried Seume born at Poserna.
1768 Paul Grenier joined the French royal army and rapidly rose to general officer rank during the French Revolutionary Wars. He led a division in the 1796-1797 campaign in southern Germany. During the 1800 campaign in the Electorate of Bavaria he was a wing commander. Beginning in 1809, in the Napoleonic Wars, Emperor Napoleon I entrusted him with corps commands in the Italian theater. A skilled tactician, he was one of the veteran generals who made the Napoleonic armies such a formidable foe to the other European powers. After the Bourbon Restoration he retired from the army and later went into politics. Grenier is one of the Names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
1773 Friedrich Mohs a German geologist/mineralogist.
1782 Daniel Auber a French composer.
1798 Henry Neele an English poet and literary scholar.
1801 Horatia Nelson the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson.
1801 Johannes Bernardus van Bree a Dutch composer, violinist and conductor.
1803 Sir James Outram 1st Baronet an English general who fought in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
1805 Eugénie de Guérin the sister of the poet Maurice de Guérin.
1810 Ernst Kummer a German mathematician. Skilled in applied mathematics, Kummer trained German army officers in ballistics; afterwards, he taught for 10 years in a gymnasium, the German equivalent of high school, where he inspired the mathematical career of Leopold Kronecker
1818 Robert Caspary a German botanist.
1822 Adelaide Ristori a distinguished Italian tragedienne, who was often referred to as the Marquise.
1825 Henry G. Blasdel an American politician and a member of the Republican Party. He was the first Governor of Nevada, serving during the American Civil War and the first years of the Reconstruction era
1828 Friedrich August Körnicke a German agronomist and botanist born in Pratau. He was the father of agricultural botanist Max Koernicke
1833 Nikolay Krasnov a major-general of the Imperial Russian Army.
1838 Edward W. Morley an American scientist famous for his path-breaking measurements of the atomic weight of oxygen, and for the Michelson–Morley experiment.
1843 William McKinley the 25th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination on September 14, 1901, six months into his second term. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry, and maintained the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of inflationary proposals
1844 Heinrich Ritter von Wittek an Austrian politician and statesman. For a short time, he served as 17th Minister-President of Cisleithania in 1899/1900
1845 Petr Bezobrazov an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy.
1845 Abraham Ulrikab an Inuk from Hebron, Labrador, in the present day province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, who – along with his family and four other Inuit – agreed to become the latest attraction in the ethnographical shows organized by Carl Hagenbeck, owner of the Tierpark Hagenbeck, a zoo in Hamburg, Germany.
1845 Alfred Nehring a German zoologist and paleontologist.
1846 Karol Olszewski a Polish chemist, mathematician and physicist.
1849 David Murray (painter) a well known Scottish landscape painter. He was the son of a shoemaker, James Murray. He worked for eleven years for two mercantile firms, while studying in the evenings at the Glasgow School of Art under Robert Greenlees, finally devoting himself full-time to an artistic career from about 1875. He became an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1881, moving to London in 1882 where he was an immediate success. His 'My Love has gone a-Sailing' exhibited in 1884 was purchased by the Chantrey Trustees for the Tate Gallery
1849 Newton C. Blanchard a United States Representative, Senator, and the 33rd Governor of Louisiana.
1850 Edmond Nocard a French veterinarian and microbiologist, born in Provins.
1850 Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the consort and third wife of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was mother of Prince Hendrik, consort of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and father of Queen Juliana
1850 Ebenezer Howard known for his publication Garden Cities of To-morrow , the description of a utopian city in which people live harmoniously together with nature. The publication resulted in the founding of the garden city movement, that realised several Garden Cities in Great Britain at the beginning of the 20th century. This movement influenced the development of several model suburbs such as Forest Hills Gardens designed by L. Olmsted in 1909, Radburn NJ and the Suburban Resettlement Program towns of the 1930s. Howard aimed to reduce the alienation of humans and society from nature, and hence advocated garden cities and Georgism. Howard is believed by many to be one of the great guides to the town planning movement, with many of his garden city principles being used in modern town planning
1852 Frederic Hymen Cowen a British pianist, conductor and composer.
1852 Georges Eugène Charles Beauvisage a French botanist and politician.
1853 Kitasato Shibasaburō a Japanese physician and bacteriologist during the prewar period. He is remembered as the co-discoverer of the infectious agent of bubonic plague in Hong Kong in 1894, almost simultaneously with Alexandre Yersin