Died on January 29

702 Princess Ōku a Japanese princess during the Asuka period in Japanese history. She was the daughter of Emperor Temmu and sister of Prince Ōtsu. As a young girl, she witnessed the Jinshin War. According to the Man'yōshū , she became the first Saiō to serve at Ise Grand Shrine. After the death of her brother in 686, she returned from Ise to Yamato to enshrine his remains on Futakami, before a quiet end to her life at age 40
757 An Lushan a general who rebelled against the Tang dynasty in China. His name was also transcribed into Chinese as Āluòshān or Gáluòshān , and he was posthumously named Prince La of Yan by his deputy Shi Siming
1119 Pope Gelasius II Pope from 24 January 1118 to his death in 1119.
1291 Joan Countess of Blois Countess of Blois from 1280 to 1291, and Lady of Avesnes.
1342 Louis I Duke of Bourbon Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis and La Marche and the first Duke of Bourbon.
1427 Andrei Rublev considered to be the greatest medieval Russian painter of Orthodox icons and frescoes.
1465 Louis Duke of Savoy Duke of Savoy from 1440 until his death.
1528 Ōuchi Yoshioki a samurai of the Ōuchi family who lived during Japan's early Sengoku period. He is famous for his role in restoring the Shogun Ashikaga Yoshitane to power in 1508, and in building Saijō castle
1543 Nagao Tamekage a retainer of Japanese feudal lord Uesugi Fusayoshi, and a daimyo in his own right, during Japan's Sengoku period. According to some scholars, such as George Bailey Sansom, Nagao Tamekage's career makes him representative of the emergence of the daimyo, and the shift of regional power from the shugo, Governors, and other government officials into independent lords. He is perhaps most famous as the biological father of Nagao Kagetora, who would be adopted into the Uesugi family as Uesugi Kenshin, and would go on to become one of the most famous of all Sengoku period daimyo
1552 Francysk Skaryna a Belarusian humanist, physician, translator and one of the first book printers in Eastern Europe, laying the groundwork for the development of the Belarusian language.
1586 Hashiba Hidekatsu a Japanese samurai who was the fourth son of the famed feudal warlord Oda Nobunaga and was adopted by Toyotomi Hideyoshi at a young age. His original name was Oda Hidekatsu
1597 Maharana Pratap a Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar, a region in north-western India in the present day state of Rajasthan. He belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. In popular Indian culture, Pratap is considered to exemplify qualities like bravery and chivalry to which Rajputs aspire, especially in context of his opposition to the Mughal emperor Akbar
1597 Elias Ammerbach a German organist and arranger of organ music of the Renaissance. He published the earliest printed book of organ music in Germany and is grouped among the composers known as the Colorists
1601 Louise of Lorraine a member of the House of Lorraine who became Queen consort of France from 1575 until 1589. Born in Nomeny in the Duchy of Bar, she was the daughter of Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur, and Margaret of Egmont
1608 Frederick I Duke of Württemberg the son of George of Mömpelgard and his wife Barbara of Hesse, daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse.
1632 Jan Porcellis a Dutch marine artist.
1639 Antonio Álvarez de Toledo 5th Duke of Alba a Spanish nobleman and politician.
1647 Francis Meres an English churchman and author.
1676 Alexis of Russia the Tsar of Russia during some of the most eventful decades of the mid-17th century. His reign saw the Russian invasion of Poland and war with Sweden during the Deluge, the Raskol schism in the Russian Orthodox Church, and the Cossack revolt of Stenka Razin. On the eve of his death in 1676, the Tsardom of Russia spanned almost 2,000,000,000 acres
1678 Jerónimo Lobo a Portuguese Jesuit missionary. He took part in the unsuccessful efforts to convert Ethiopia from the native Ethiopian church to Roman Catholicism until the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1643. Afterwards he wrote an account of his time in Ethiopia, Itinerário, which is an important source for the history and culture of that country
1695 Paul Hermann a German born physician and botanist who for 15 years was director of the Hortus Botanicus Leiden.
1706 Charles Sackville 6th Earl of Dorset an English poet and courtier.
1715 Bernard Lamy a French Oratorian mathematician and theologian.
1722 Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld a Swedish Field Marshal under the command of King Karl XII of Sweden. Despite being choleric and irritable, Rehnskiöld's military skills made him the chief military advisor and second-in-command to King Karl and earned him the epithet the "Parmenio of the Northern Alexander."
1734 Danylo Apostol in Moldavia-born Zaporozhian Cossack, who served in Russian Empire as Hetman of Zaporozhian Host of Left-bank of Dnieper. Daniel Apostol was forefather of Russian noble family Muravyov-Apostol
1737 George Hamilton 1st Earl of Orkney a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. After commanding a regiment for the cause of William of Orange during the Williamite War in Ireland, he commanded a regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He then led the final assault at the Battle of Blenheim attacking the village churchyard with eight battalions of men and then receiving the surrender of its French defenders during the War of the Spanish Succession. He also led the charge of fifteen infantry battalions in an extremely bloody assault on the French entrenchments at the Battle of Malplaquet. In later life he became a Lord of the Bedchamber to George I and was installed as Governor of Edinburgh Castle
1743 André-Hercule de Fleury a French cardinal who served as the chief minister of Louis XV.
1751 Jacob van Schuppen an Austrian Baroque painter.
1751 Martin Knutzen a German philosopher, a disciple of Alexander Baumgarten and teacher of Immanuel Kant, to whom he introduced the physics of Newton.
1763 Johan Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg a Minister of State of Denmark.
1763 Louis Racine a French poet of the Age of the Enlightenment.
1768 John Martyn (botanist) an English botanist. He is best known for his Historia Plantarum Rariorum , and his translation, with valuable agricultural and botanical notes, of the Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil
1774 Franciszek Ferdynant Lubomirski a Polish noble and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on 3 August 1762 in Warsaw.
1796 Bernardino da Ucria a Sicilian friar and botanist.
1803 La Clairon Clair Josèphe Hippolyte Leris, was born at Condé-sur-l'Escaut, Hainaut, the daughter of an army sergeant.
1820 George III of the United Kingdom King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two Hanoverian predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover
1829 István Pauli a Hungarian Slovene Roman Catholic priests. Pauli or the teacher of Pertoča György Kousz was the author of a hymnal in Pertoča
1829 Paul François Jean Nicolas vicomte de Barras a French politician of the French Revolution, and the main executive leader of the Directory regime of 1795–1799.
1829 Timothy Pickering a politician from Massachusetts who served in a variety of roles, most notably as the third United States Secretary of State, serving in that office from 1795 to 1800 under Presidents George Washington and John Adams.
1835 Benjamin Marshall an English sporting and animal painter. He was a follower of George Stubbs and studied under Lemuel Abbott for a short period of time
1842 Pierre Cambronne a General of the French Empire. He fought during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era. He was wounded at the Battle of Waterloo
1844 Ernest I Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha the last sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and from 1826, the first sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He is a patrilineal ancestor and great-great-great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II
1844 Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily a daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies.
1858 Pavel Kridener a Russian diplomat. He was the fourth Russian Ambassador to the United States, under John Quincy Adams
1859 William Cranch Bond an American astronomer, and the first director of Harvard College Observatory.
1860 Ernst Moritz Arndt a German patriotic author and poet. Early in his life, he fought for the abolition of serfdom, later against Napoleonic dominance over Germany, and had to flee to Sweden for some time due to his anti-French positions. He is one of the main founders of German nationalism and the movement for German unification. After the Carlsbad Decrees, the forces of the restoration counted him as a demagogue and he was only rehabilitated in 1840
1860 Stéphanie de Beauharnais the consort of Karl, Grand Duke of Baden.
1863 Bear Hunter a Shoshone chief of the Great Basin in the 1860s. He and his Shoshone band were attacked during the Bear River Massacre in an act of Collective Punishment, having allegedly been mistaken for a different, warring band. In 1862, a Californian volunteer infantry led by Patrick Edward Connor established a fort on the Wasatch Range near Salt Lake City. In January 1863, they attacked Bear Hunter's village in an action known as the Bear River Massacre today. Bear Hunter was among those tortured and killed
1864 Lucy Aikin a historical writer.
1868 José María Achá a military general and president of Bolivia. He served in the battles of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation and conspired against longtime dictator Manuel Belzu. Later, he was appointed Minister of war in the cabinet of another dictator, José María Linares. In that capacity, he led the 1861 coup d'état that toppled Linares. Originally he governed as head of Junta, and then as sole leader of the revolutionary government