Born on January 30

58 Livia the wife of the Roman emperor Augustus throughout his reign, as well as his adviser. She was the mother of the emperor Tiberius, paternal grandmother of the emperor Claudius, paternal great-grandmother of the emperor Caligula, and maternal great-great-grandmother of the emperor Nero. She was deified by Claudius who acknowledged her title of Augusta
133 Didius Julianus Roman Emperor for nine weeks during the year 193.
1314 Nicholas III of Saint Omer one of the most powerful and influential lords of Frankish Greece. He was hereditary Marshal of the Principality of Achaea, lord of one third of Akova and of one half of Thebes. He also served on three occasions as bailli of the Principality of Achaea
1563 Franciscus Gomarus a Dutch theologian, a strict Calvinist and an opponent of the teaching of Jacobus Arminius , whose theological disputes were addressed at the Synod of Dort.
1581 Christian Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a member of the House of Hohenzollern and Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
1615 Thomas Rolfe the only child of Pocahontas by her English husband, John Rolfe. His maternal grandfather was Wahunsunacock, the chief of Powhatan tribe in Virginia. Thomas Rolfe made it possible for following generations, both in America and in England, to trace descent from Pocahontas
1617 William Sancroft the 79th Archbishop of Canterbury, and was one of the Seven Bishops imprisoned in 1688 for seditious libel against King James II, over his opposition to the king's Declaration of Indulgence.
1621 George II Rákóczi a Hungarian nobleman, Prince of Transylvania , the eldest son of George I and Zsuzsanna Lorántffy.
1661 Charles Rollin a French historian and educator. He was born in Paris
1670 Arnold van Keppel 1st Earl of Albemarle the son of Oswald van Keppel and his wife Anna Geertruid van Lintelo. De Voorst is a large country house near Zutphen, financed by William III, and not unlike the royal palace Het Loo in Apeldoorn
1697 Johann Joachim Quantz a German flutist, flute maker and composer. He composed hundreds of flute sonatas and concertos, and wrote On Playing the Flute, a treatise on flute performance
1710 Raimondo di Sangro an Italian nobleman, inventor, soldier, writer, scientist, alchemist and freemason best remembered for his reconstruction of the Chapel of Sansevero in Naples.
1716 Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz a Swedish architect and civil servant. Adelcrantz's style developed from a rococo influenced by Carl Hårleman, the leading architect in Sweden in the early years of his career, to a classical idiom influenced by the stylistic developments in France in the mid-to-late 18th century. As överintendent, he headed the royal and public building works from 1767 until his retirement in 1795
1720 Charles De Geer a Swedish industrialist and entomologist.
1721 Bernardo Bellotto an Italian urban landscape painter or vedutista, and printmaker in etching famous for his vedute of European cities. He was the pupil and nephew of Canaletto and sometimes used the latter's illustrious name, signing himself as Bernardo Canaletto. In Germany and Poland, Bellotto called himself by his uncle's name, Canaletto
1723 Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein a German-born doctor, physicist and engineer. From 1753 to his death he was a professor in Copenhagen, and became the rector of University of Copenhagen four times
1745 Ernest II Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg the third but second surviving son of Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen. The death of his older brother Frederick in 1756 made him the heir to the duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1748 Frederick V Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 1751 to his death landgrave of Hesse-Homburg. He was the son of Frederick IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg and Ulrike Louise of Solms-Braunfels , daughter of Frederick William, Prince of Solms-Braunfels
1754 John Lansing Jr. an American lawyer and politician. He was the uncle of Gerrit Lansing
1757 Landgravine Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) a German princess. She was the daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. On 3 October 1775 she married duke Charles Augustus of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and as such a member of the court sphere of Weimar Classicism. She was held to be serious and introverted but also compassionate and sympathetic, in the aftermath of the Battle of Jena which guaranteed her part in the later "myth of Weimar"
1767 Ulrich Jasper Seetzen a German explorer of Arabia and Palestine from Jever, German Frisia. An alternate spelling of his name, Ulrich Iospar Sentzen, is sometimes seen in scientific publications
1771 George Bass a British naval surgeon and explorer of Australia.
1771 Jorge Tadeo Lozano a Neogranadine scientist, journalist, and politician who presided over the Constituent College of Cundinamarca and was elected President of Cundinamarca in 1811.
1773 Vasily Karazin a Ukrainian enlightenment figure, intellectual, inventor, founder of The Ministry of National Education in Russian Empire and scientific publisher. He is the founder of Kharkov University in modern-day Ukraine, which now bears his name
1775 Walter Savage Landor an English writer and poet. His best known works were the prose Imaginary Conversations, and the poem Rose Aylmer, but the critical acclaim he received from contemporary poets and reviewers was not matched by public popularity. As remarkable as his work was, it was equalled by his rumbustious character and lively temperament
1781 Adelbert von Chamisso a German poet and botanist. He wrote Peter Schlemihl, a famous story about a man who sold his shadow
1785 Abel de Pujol a French painter. He was a student of David and his own students included Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps and Emile Levy. He painted the ceiling of the grand-staircase at the Louvre as well as the galerie de Diane at Fontainebleau and the ceiling of the Bourse de Paris. A member of the Institut de France, he was an officer of the légion d'honneur
1785 Charles Metcalfe 1st Baron Metcalfe a British colonial administrator. He held appointments including acting Governor-General of India, Governor of Jamaica and Governor General of the Province of Canada
1789 Wolf Heinrich Graf von Baudissin a German diplomat, writer, and translator.
1797 Edwin Vose Sumner a career United States Army officer who became a Union Army general and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the American Civil War. His nicknames "Bull" or "Bull Head" came both from his great booming voice and a legend that a musket ball once bounced off his head
1801 Pierre-Jean De Smet a Belgian Roman Catholic priest and member of the Society of Jesus , active in missionary work among the Native Americans of the Midwestern United States in the mid-19th century.
1816 Nathaniel P. Banks an American politician and soldier, and a Union general during the American Civil War.
1818 Artúr Görgey a Hungarian military leader.
1822 Franz Ritter von Hauer an Austrian geologist.
1822 Ivan Turchaninov a Union army brigadier general in the American Civil War. He led two critical charges that saved the day at Chickamauga and was among the first to lead soldiers up Missionary Ridge
1828 Rainilaiarivony the Prime Minister of Madagascar from 1864 to 1895, succeeding his older brother Rainivoninahitriniony, who had held the post for thirteen years. His career mirrored that of his father Rainiharo, a renowned military man who became Prime Minister during the reign of Queen Ranavalona Despite a childhood marked by ostracism from his family, as a young man Rainilaiarivony was elevated to a position of high authority and confidence in the royal court, serving alongside his father and brother. He co-led a critical military expedition with Rainivoninahitriniony at the age of 24 and was promoted to Commander-in-Chief of the army following the death of the queen in 1861. In that position he oversaw continuing efforts to maintain royal authority in the outlying regions of Madagascar and acted as adviser to his brother, who had been promoted to Prime Minister in 1852. He also influenced the transformation of the kingdom's government from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional one, in which power was shared between the sovereign and the Prime Minister. Rainilaiarivony and Queen Rasoherina worked together to depose Rainivoninahitriniony for his abuses of office in 1864. Taking his brother's place as Prime Minister, Rainilaiarivony remained in power for the next 31 years by marrying three queens in succession: Rasoherina, Ranavalona II and Ranavalona III
1831 Victor Henri Rochefort Marquis de Rochefort-Luçay a French politician. He was born in Paris and died in Aix-les-Bains
1832 Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. She was the youngest daughter of king Ferdinand VII of Spain and his fourth wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the queen-regent, who was also his niece
1834 Franz Ernst Christian Neumann a German pathologist who was a native of Königsberg. His common name was Ernst Christian Neumann
1834 Volodymyr Antonovych a prominent Ukrainian historian and one of the leaders of the Ukrainian national awakening in the Russian Empire. As a historian, Antonovych, who was longtime Professor of History at the University of Kiev, represented a populist approach to Ukrainian history
1839 Franz Stockhausen a German choral conductor, and a member of a celebrated German musical family.
1841 Félix Faure President of France from 1895 until his death.
1841 Sam Loyd an American chess player, chess composer, puzzle author, and recreational mathematician.
1846 F. H. Bradley a British idealist philosopher. His most important work was Appearance and Reality
1846 Angela of the Cross a founder of the Sisters of the Company of the Cross, , a Spanish Roman Catholic religious order dedicated to helping the poor and the ill. She was canonised in 2003 as Saint Angela of the Cross
1848 Ferdinand Mannlicher an Austrian engineer and small arms designer. Along with James Paris Lee, Mannlicher was particularly noted for inventing the en-bloc clip charger-loading magazine system. Later, while making improvements to other inventors prototype designs for rotary-feed magazines, Mannlicher, together with his protégé Otto Schönauer, patented a perfected rotary magazine design, the Mannlicher-Schönauer, which was a commercial and military success
1849 Josef Anton Schobinger a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1850 Aleksander Gierymski a Polish painter of the late 19th century. He was the younger brother of Maksymilian Gierymski
1853 William Heerlein Lindley a British civil engineer.
1853 Manuel Vitorino a Governor of Bahia and a Vice-President under Prudente de Morais.